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Act of November 2, 19211
(P.L. 85, 67th Cong., popular name "Snyder Act")
AN ACT Authorizing appropriations and expenditures for the administration of Indian affairs, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Bureau of Indian Affairs, under the supervision of the Secretary of the Interior, shall direct, supervise, and expend such moneys as Congress may from time to time appropriate, for the benefit, care, and assistance of the Indians throughout the United States for the following purposes:
General support and civilization, including education.
For relief of distress and conservation of health.
For industrial assistance and advancement, and general administration of Indian property.
For extension, improvement, operation, and maintenance of existing Indian irrigation systems and for development of water supplies.
For the enlargement, extension, improvement, and repair of the buildings and grounds of existing plants and projects.
For the employment of inspectors, supervisors, superintendents, clerks, field matrons, farmers, physicians, Indian police, Indian judges, and other employees.
For the suppression of traffic in intoxicating liquor and deleteri ous drugs.
For the purpose of horse-drawn and motor-propelled passengercarrying vehicles for official use.
And for general and incidental expenses in connection with the administration of Indian affairs.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act or any other law, postsecondary schools administered by the Secretary of the Interior for Indians, and which meet the definition of an "institution of higher education" under section 1201 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, shall be eligible to participate in and receive appropriated funds under any program authorized by the Higher Education Act of 1965 or any other applicable program for the benefit of institutions of higher education, community colleges, or postsecondary educational institutions.
(25 U.S.C. 13) Enacted November 2, 1921, Public No. 85, 67th Congress, 1st Session, Chapter 115, 42 Stat. 208; amended October 12, 1976, P.L. 94-482, Title IV, Sec. 410, 90 Stat. 2233, 2234.
1 Section 8 of Public Law 93-638 (Enacted January 4, 1975) 88 Stat., 2206, provides as follows: "The provisions of any other laws to the contrary notwithstanding, any funds appropriated pursuant to the Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208), for any fiscal year which are not obligated and expended prior to the beginning of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year for which such funds were appropriated shall remain available for obligation and expenditure during such succeeding fiscal year.'
Act of April 16, 1934
(P.L. 167, 73rd Cong., popular name "Johnson-O'Malley Act")
AN ACT Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to arrange with States or Territories for the education, medical attention, relief of distress, and social welfare of Indians, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and hereby is, authorized, in his discretion, to enter into a contract or contracts with any State or Territory, or political subdivision thereof, or with any State university, college, or school, or with any appropriate State or private corporation, agency, or insitution, for the education, medical attention, agricultural assistance, and social welfare, including relief of distress, of Indians in such State or Territory, through the agencies of the State or Territory or of the corporations and organizations hereinbefore named, and to expend under such contract or contracts, moneys appropriated by Congress for the education, medical attention, agricultural assistance, and social welfare, including relief of distress, of Indians in such State or Territory.
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior, in making any contract herein authorized, may permit such contracting party to utilize, for the purposes of this Act, existing school buildings, hospitals, and other facilities, and all equipment therein or appertaining thereto, including livestock and other personal property owned by the Government, under such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon for their use and maintenance.
SEC. 3. That the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to perform any and all acts and to make such rules and regulations, including minimum standards of service, as may be necessary and proper for the purpose of carrying the provisions of this Act into effect: Provided, That such minimum standards of service are not less than the highest maintained by the States or Territories within which said contract or contracts, as herein provided, are to be effective.
SEC. 4. The Secretary of the Interior shall not enter into any contract for the education of Indians unless the prospective contractor has submitted to, and has had approved by the Secretary of the Interior, an education plan, which plan, in the determination of the Secretary, contains educational objectives which adequately address the educational needs of the Indian students who are to be beneficiaries of the contract and assures that the contract is capable of meeting such objectives: Provided, That where students other than Indian students participate in such programs, money expended under such contract shall be prorated to cover the participation of only the Indian students.
SEC. 5. (a) Whenever a school district affected by a contract or contracts for the education of Indians pursuant to this Act has a local school board not composed of a majority of Indians, the parents of the Indian children enrolled in the school or schools affected by such contract or contracts shall elect a local committee from among their number. Such committee shall fully participate in the development of, and shall have the authority to approve or disapprove programs to be conducted under such contract or contracts,
and shall carry out such other duties, and be so structured, as the Secretary of the Interior shall by regulation provide: Provided, however, That, whenever a local Indian committee or committees established pursuant to section 305(b)(2)(B)(ii) of the Act of June 23, 1972 (86 Stat. 235) or an Indian advisory school board or boards established pursuant to this Act prior to the date of enactment of this section exists in such school district, such committee or board may, in the discretion of the affected tribal governing body or bodies, be utilized for the purposes of this section.
(b) The Secretary of the Interior may, in his discretion, revoke any contract if the contractor fails to permit a local committee to perform its duties pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 6. Any school district educating Indian students who are members of recognized Indian tribes, who do not normally reside in the State in which such school district is located, and who are residing in Federal boarding facilities for the purposes of attending public schools within such district may, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior, be reimbursed by him for the full per capita costs of educating such Indian students.
(25 U.S.C. 452-457) Enacted April 16, 1934, P.L. 167, 73rd Cong., 48 Stat. 596; amended June 4, 1936, P.L. 638, 74th Cong., 49 Stat. 1458; amended June 29, 1960, P.L. 86-533, 74 Stat. 248; amended Jan 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, 88 Stat. 2217.
(d) Within one year of the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with the Commissioner, shall propose and promulgate special regulations which will provide that where a local educational agency does not undertake the remedial action required by the Commissioner under section 5(b)(3)(C)(vi) of the Act of September 30, 1950 (Public Law 874, Eighty-first Congress) and the Commissioner determines that an extension of time will not effectively encourage the remedy, the affected tribes may elect to contract with the Bureau under title I of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act to provide educational services provided by the local educational agency or elect to have such services provided by a Bureau of Indian Affairs school. Such regulations shall also establish procedures whereby the funding necessary to provide such educational services may be obtained, and establish such procedures as are necessary to insure orderly and expeditious transition in provision of educational services.
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(20 U.S.C. 238) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1101, 92 Stat. 2315.
SEC. 1102. (a) The Secretary of the Interior shall develop alternative methods for the equitable distribution of any supplement program funds provided, pursuant to an appropriation under the Act of November 2, 1921, commonly referred to as the Snyder Act, for contracting under the Act of April 16, 1934, commonly referred to as the Johnson-O'Malley Act, and shall publish in the Federal Register by March 1, 1979, such alternatives for the purpose of allowing eligible tribes to comment by May 1, 1979. At that time, the Secretary shall conduct a field survey listing all alternative formula.
(b) By July 1, 1979, the Secretary shall establish and publish the formula in the Federal Register which the majority of such tribes determine, but vote certified to the Secretary, to be most equitable and shall use such formula for purposes of distribution of the funds appropriated pursuant to such Act beginning on or after October 1, 1979. The Secretary shall, in accordance with procedures consistent
1 Section 1101(a) of the Education Amendments of 1978 (P.L. 95-561) amended section 3(d)(2) of Public Law 874.
2 Section 1101(b) of the Education Amendments of 1978 repealed section 5(a)(2) of Public Law 874.
3 Section 1101(c) of the Education Amendments of 1978 amended section 5(b) of Public Law 874 to add a new paragraph (3).
4 Section 1101(e) of the Education Amendments of 1978 amended section 5(c)(2)(A) by redesignating divisions (ii) through (vi) as (iii) through (viii) and by adding a new division (ii).
with that prescribed herein, revise such formula periodically as necessary.
(25 U.S.C. 13 note) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1102, 92 Stat. 2316.
BASIC EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT
SEC. 1103. (a)(1) From sums already appropriated under the Act of November 2, 1921 (25 U.S.C. 13) and notwithstanding any other provision of law or any requirement of a grant or agreement relating to the timing of payments for basic support contracts or grants under the Act of April 16, 1934 (25 U.S.C. (452-457), the Secretary of the Interior shall make payments of all funds appropriated under the authority of the Act of November 2, 1921, for fiscal year 1978 (including any fiscal year 1978 funds subsequently obligated in fiscal year 1979 from such appropriation) for basic support contracts or grants to any school that had a deficit in its operating budget for fiscal year 1978 as a consequence of the lack of complete payment from the Department of the Interior for such contract or grant. Such payments shall be made in accordance with any applicable condition of such contracts or grants other than conditions relating to the timing of payments.
(2) The Secretary of the Interior shall make the payments referred to in paragraph (1) not later than thirty days after the date of the enactment of this Act, Saturdays, Sundays, and legal public holidays, as established by section 6103 of title 5, United States Code, shall not be considered as days for purposes of the preceding sentence.
(b) Such sums as are needed under such Act of November 2, 1921, are authorized to be appropriated to provide funds for basic educational support through parent committees under such Act of April 16, 1934, to those public schools educating Indian students and whose total sum of Federal, State, and local funds is insufficient to bring the education of the enrolled Indian students to a level equal to the level of education provided non-Indian students in the public schools in which they are enrolled where the absence of such support would result in the closing of schools or the reduction in quality of the education program afforded Indian students attending public schools.
(25 U.S.C. 13, note) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1103, 92 Stat. 2316; amended Aug. 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 2(b)(3), 93 Stat. 341.
PART B- BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS PROGRAMS
STANDARDS FOR THE BASIC EDUCATION OF INDIAN CHILDREN IN
SEC. 1121. (a) The Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare for Education, and in consultation with Indian organizations and tribes, shall carry out or cause to be carried out by contract with an Indian organization such studies and surveys, making the fullest use possible of other existing studies, surveys, and plans, as are necessary to establish and revise standards for the basic education of Indian children attending Bureau schools and Indian controlled contract schools (hereinafter referred to as "contract schools"). Such studies and