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Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
(Public Law 93-638) 1
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act”.
SEC. 2. (a) The Congress, after careful review of the Federal Government's historical and special legal relationship with, and resulting responsibilities to, American Indian people, finds that
(1) the prolonged Federal domination of Indian service programs has served to retard rather than enhance the progress of Indian people and their communities by depriving Indians of the full opportunity to develop leadership skills crucial to the realization of self-government, and has denied to the Indian people an effective voice in the planning and implementation of programs for the benefit of Indians which are responsive to the true needs of Indian communities; and
(2) the Indian people will never surrender their desire to control their relationships both among themselves and with non
Indian governments, organizations, and persons. (b) The Congress further finds that
(1) true self-determination in any society of people is dependent upon an educational process which will insure the development of qualified people to fulfill meaningful leadership roles;
(2) the Federal responsibility for and assistance to education of Indian children has not effected the desired level of educational achievement or created the diverse opportunities and personal satisfaction which education can and should provide; and
(3) parental and community control of the educational process is of crucial importance to the Indian people. (25 U.S.C. 450) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 2, 88 Stat. 2203.
DECLARATION OF POLICY
SEC. 3. (a) The Congress hereby recognizes the obligation of the United States to respond to the strong expression of the Indian people for self-determination by assuring maximum Indian participation in the direction of educational as well as other Federal services to Indian communities so as to render such services more responsive to the needs and desires of those communities.
(b) The Congress declares its commitment to the maintenance of the Federal Government's unique and continuing relationship with and responsibility to the Indian people through the establishment of a meaningful Indian self-determination policy which will permit an orderly transition from Federal domination of programs for and services to Indians to effective and meaningful participation by the Indian people in the planning, conduct, and administration of those programs and services.
1(25 U.S.C. 450) Enacted January 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203.
(c) The Congress declares that a major national goal of the United States is to provide the quantity and quality of educational services and opportunities which will permit Indian children to compete and excel in the life areas of their choice, and to achieve the measure of self-determination essential to their social and economic well-being.
(25 U.S.C. 450a) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, Sec. 3, 88 Stat. 2203.
SEC. 4. For the purposes of this Act, the term
(a) “Indian” means a person who is a member of an Indian tribe;
(b) “Indian tribe” means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (85 Stat. 688) which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians;
(c) “Tribal organization” means the recognized governing body of any Indian tribe; any legally established organization of Indians which is controlled, sanctioned, or chartered by such governing body or which is democratically elected by the adult members of the Indian community to be served by such organization and which includes the maximum participation of Indians in all phases of its activities: Provided, That in any case where a contract is let or grant made to an organization to perform services benefitting more than one Indian tribe, the approval of each such Indian tribe shall be a prerequisite to the letting or making of such contract or grant;
(d) "Secretary”, unless otherwise designated, means the Secretary of the Interior;
(f) "State education agency” means the State board of education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for supervision by the State of public elementary and secondary schools, or, if there is not such officer or agency, an officer or agency
designated by the Governor or by State law. (25 U.S.C. 450b) Enacted, January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 4, 88 Stat. 2204.
REPORTING AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS
Sec. 5. (a) Each recipient of Federal financial assistance from the Secretary of Interior or the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, under this Act, shall keep such records as the appropriate Secretary shall prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount and disposition by such recipient of the proceeds of such assistance, the cost of the project or undertaking in connection with which such assistance is given or used, the amount of that portion of the cost of the project or undertaking supplied by other sources, and such other records as will facilitate an effective audit.
(b) The Comptroller General and the appropriate Secretary, or any of their duly authorized representatives, shall, until the expiration of three years after completion of the project or undertaking referred to in the preceding subsection of this section, have access (for the purpose of audit and examination) to any books, documents, papers, and records of such recipients which in the opinion of the Comptroller General or the appropriate Secretary may be related or pertinent to the grants, contracts, subcontracts, subgrants, or other arrangements referred to in the preceding subsection.
(c) Each recipient of Federal financial assistance referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall make such reports and information available to the Indian people served or represented by such recipient as and in a manner determined to be adequate by the appropriate Secretary.
(d) Any funds paid to a financial assistance recipient referred to in subsection (a) of this section and not expended or used for the purposes for which paid shall be repaid to the Treasury of the United States.
(25 U.S.C. 450c) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93–638, sec. 5, 88 Stat. 2204.
Sec. 6. Whoever, being an officer, director, agent, or employee of, or connected in any capacity with, any recipient of a contract, subcontract, grant, or subgrant pursuant to this Act or the Act of April 16, 1934 (48 Stat. 596), as amended, embezzles, willfully misapplies, steals, or obtains by fraud any of the money, funds, assets, or property which are the subject of such grant, subgrant, contract, or subcontract, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both, but if the amount so embezzled, misapplied, stolen, or obtained by fraud does not exceed $100, he shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
(25 U.S.C. 450d) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 6, 88 Stat. 2205.
WAGE AND LABOR STANDARDS
Sec. 7. (a) All laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors in the construction, alteration, or repair, including painting or decorating of buildings or other facilities in connection with contracts or grants entered into pursuant to this Act, shall be paid wages at not less than those prevailing on similar construction in the locality, as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with the Davis-Bacon Act of March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494), as amended. With respect to construction, alteration, or repair work to which the Act of March 3, 1921 is applicable under the terms of this section, the Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950/15 F.R. 3176; 64 Stat. 1267) and section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934 (48 Stat. 948, 40 U.S.C. 276c)
(b) Any contract, subcontract, grant, or subgrant pursuant to this Act, the Act of April 16, 1934 (48 Stat. 596), as amended, or any other Act authorizing Federal contracts with or grants to Indian organizations or for the benefit of Indians, shall require that to the greatest extent feasible
(1) preferences and opportunities for training and employment in connection with the administration of such contracts or grants shall be given to Indians; and
(2) preference in the award of subcontracts and subgrants in connection with the administration of such contracts or grants shall be given to Indian organizations and to Indian-owned economic enterprises as defined in section 3 of the Indian Financ
ing Act of 1974 (88 Stat. 77) (25 U.S.C. 450e) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 7, 88 Stat. 2205.
CARRYOVER OF FUNDS
SEC. 8. The provisions of any other laws to the contrary notwithstanding, any funds appropriated pursuant to the Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208), for any fiscal year which are not obligated and expended prior to the beginning of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year for which such funds were appropriated shall remain available for obligation and expenditure during such succeeding fiscal year.
(25 U.S.C. 13a) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 7, 88 Stat. 2206.
(NOTE.-Title I of P.L. 93-638, the Indian Self-Determination Act, is omitted from this compilation.)
Title II - The Indian Education Assistance Act
SEC. 201. This title may be cited as the “Indian Education Assistance Act”.
(25 U.S.C. 455 note) Enacted January 4, 1975, P.L. 93-638, sec. 201, 88 Stat. 2213.
PART A-EDUCATION OF INDIANS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS Sec. 202. (Amendments to the Act of April 16, 1934).1 AN ACT Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to arrange with States or
territories for the education, medical attention, relief of distress, and social welfare of Indians, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and hereby is, authorized in his discretion, to enter into a contract or contracts with any State or territory, or political subdivision thereof or with any State university, college, or school, or with any appropriate State or private corporation, agency, or institution, for the education, medical attention, agricultural assistance, and social welfare, including relief of distress, of Indians in such State or territory, through the agencies of the State or territory or of the corporations and organizations hereinbefore named, and to expend under such contract or contracts, moneys appropriated by Congress for the education, medical attention, agricultural assistance, and social welfare, including relief of distress, of Indians in such State or territory.
(25 U.S.C. 452) Enacted April 16, 1934, C. 147, sec. 1, 48 Stat. 596; amended June 4, 1936, C. 490, 49 Stat. 1458, 1459.
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior, in making any contract herein authorized, may permit such contracting party to utilize, for the purposes of this act, existing school buildings, hospitals, and other facilities, and all equipment therein or appertaining thereto, including livestock and other personal property owned by the Government, under such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon for their use and maintenance.
(25 U.S.C. 453) Enacted April 16, 1934, C. 147, Sec. 2, 48 Stat. 596; amended June 4, 1936, C. 490, 49 Stat. 1459.
SEC. 3. That the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to perform any and all acts and to make such rules and regulations, including minimum standards of service, as may be necessary and proper for the purpose of carrying the provisions of this act into effect: Provided, That such minimum standards of service are not less than the highest maintained by the States or territories within which said contract or contracts, as herein provided, are to be effective.
(25 U.S.C. 454) Enacted April 16, 1934, C. 147 , Sec. 3, 48 Stat. 596; amended June 4, 1936, C. 490, 49 Stat. 1459.
Sec. 4. The Secretary of the Interior shall not enter into any contract for the education of Indians unless the prospective contractor
The Act of April 16, 1934 is printed in full here for the reader's convenience. The text also appears subsequently in this compilation.