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made as of the time of the approval of the application for which made, and shall be made on the basis of the best information available at the time of such approval.
(8) The terms “construct”, “constructing”, and “construction” include the preparation of drawings and specifications for school facilities; erecting, building, acquiring, altering, remodeling, improving, or extending school facilities; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of school facilities.
(9) The term "school facilities" includes classrooms and related facilities; and initial equipment, machinery, and utilities necessary or appropriate for school purposes. Such term does not include athletic stadiums, or structures or facilities intended primarily for athletic exhibitions, contests, or games or other events for which admission is to be charged to the general public. Except as used in section 9 and 10, such term does not include interests in land and off-site improvements.
(10) Whether or not school facilities are minimum school facilities shall be determined by the Commissioner, after consultation with the State and local educational agencies, in accordance with regulations prescribed by him. Such regulations shall (A) require the local educational agency concerned to give due consideration to excellence of architecture and design, (B) provide that no facility shall be disqualified as a minimum school facility because of the inclusion of works of art in the plans therefor if the cost of such works of art does not exceed 1 per centum of the cost of the project, and (C) require compliance with such standards as the Secretary may prescribe or approve in order to insure that facilities constructed with the use of Federal funds under this Act shall be, to the extent appropriate in view of the uses to be made of the facilities, accessible to and usable by handicapped persons.
(11) The term “local educational agency” means a board of education or other legally constituted local school authority having administrative control and direction of free public education in a county, township, independent, or other school district located within a State. Such term includes any State agency which directly operates and maintains facilities for providing free public education or which has responsibility for the provision of such facilities.
(12) The term “State educational agency” means the officer or agency primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary and secondary schools.
(13) The term “State” means a State, Puerto Rico, Guam, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, or Wake Island.
(14) The terms “Commissioner of Education” and “Commissioner” mean the United States Commissioner of Education.
(15) The term “base year” means the third or fourth regular school year preceding the fiscal year in which an application was filed under this Act, as may be designated in the application, except that in the case of an application based on children referred to in paragraph (2) or (3) of section 5(a), the base year shall in no event be later than the regular school year 1978-1979; and
(16) The term “increase period” means the period of four consecutive regular school years immediately following such base year.
(20 U.S.C. 645) Similar provisions enacted Sept. 23, 1950, P.L. 815, 81st Cong., Title II, sec. 210, 64 Stat. 976. Enacted Aug. 12, 1958, P.L. 85-620, Title I, sec. 101, 72 Stat. 556, as sec. 15 of P.L. 815, 81st Cong.; amended June 25, 1959, P.L. 86-70, sec. 18(c), 73 Stat. 144; amended July 12, 1960, P.L. 86-624, sec. 14(c), 74 Stat. 414; amended Oct. 3, 1961, P.L. 87-344, Title I, sec. 101 (c), 75 Stat. 759; amended Dec. 18, 1963, P.L. 88-210, Title III, sec. 301(c), formerly sec. 31(c), 77 Stat. 419; amended Oct. 16, 1964, P.L. 88-665, Title XI, sec. 1101 (c), (d), 78 Stat. 1109; amended Nov. 3, 1966, P.L. 89-750, Title II, secs. 222 (b), (c), (d), 230-232, 80 Stat. 1213-1216; amended Jan. 2, 1968, P.L. 90-247, Titles II, III, secs. 201, 301(d)(2) 81 Stat. 806, 813; redesignated Oct. 16, 1968, P.L. 90-576, Title I, sec. 101(a)(1), 82 Stat. 1064; amended April 13, 1970, P.L. 91-230, Title II, secs. 201(a)(2), 203(a)(1)(2), 84 Stat. 154, 155; amended August 21, 1974, P.L. 93-380, sec. 301(a)(2), 88 Stat. 521; amended Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1021(b), 1031(b), 92 Stat. 2312.
SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION ASSISTANCE IN CASES OF CERTAIN DISASTERS
Sec. 16. (a) In any case in which
(1)(A) the Director of the Office of Emergency Planning determines with respect to any local educational agency (including for the purpose of this section any other public agency which operates schools providing technical, vocational, or other special education to children of elementary or secondary school age) that such agency is located in whole or in part within an area which, after August 30, 1965, and prior to October 1, 1983, has suffered a major disaster as the result of any flood, drought, fire, hurricane, earthquake, storm, or other catastrophe which, in the determination of the President pursuant to section 2(a) of the Act of September 30, 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1855a(a), is or threatens to be of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant disaster assistance by the Federal Government; or
(B) the Commissioner determines with respect to any such agency that public elementary or secondary school facilities (or, in the case of a public agency other than a local educational agency, school facilities providing technical, vocational, or other special education to children of elementary or secondary school age) of such agency have been destroyed or seriously damaged as a result of flood, hurricane, earthquake, storm, fire, or other catastrophe, except any such catastrophe caused by negligence or malicious action; and
(2) the Governor of the State in which such agency is located has certified the need for disaster assistance under this section, and has given assurance of expenditure of a reasonable amount of the funds of the government of such State, or of any political subdivision thereof, for the same or similar purposes
with respect to such catastrophe; and if the Commissioner determines with respect to such agency that
(3) as a result of such major disaster, (A) public elementary or secondary school facilities of such agency (or, in the case of a public agency other than a local educational agency, school facilities providing technical, vocational, or other special education to children of elementary or secondary school age) have been destroyed or seriously damaged, or (B) private elementary or secondary school facilities serving children who reside in the area served by such agency have been destroyed and will not be replaced, thereby increasing the need of such agency for school facilities;
(4) such agency is utilizing or will utilize all State and other financial assistance available for the replacement or restoration of such school facilities;
(5) such agency does not have sufficient funds available to it from State, local, and other Federal sources (including funds available under other provisions of this Act), and from the proceeds of insurance on such school facilities, and required an amount of additional assistance equal to at least $1,000 or onehalf of 1 per centum of such agency's current operating expenditures during the fiscal year preceding the one in which such disaster occurred, whichever is less, to provide the minimum school facilities needed (A) for the restoration or replacement of the school facilities of such agency so destroyed or seriously damaged or (B) to serve, in facilities of such agency, children who but for the destruction of the private facilities referred to in clause (3)(B) would be served by such private facilities; and
(6) in the case of any such major disaster, to the extent that the operation of private elementary and secondary schools in the school attendance area of the local educational agency has been disrupted or impaired by such disaster, such local educational agency has complied with the provisions of section 7(a)(4) of the Act of September 30, 1950 (Public Law 874, Eightfirst Congress), with respect to provisions for the conduct of educational programs under public auspices and administration in which children enrolled in such private elementary and
secondary schools may attend and participate, the Commissioner may provide the additional assistance necessary to enable such agency to provide such facilities, upon such terms and in such amounts (subject to the provisions of this section) as the Commissioner may consider to be in the public interest; but such additional assistance, plus the amount which he determines to be available from State, local, and other Federal sources (including funds available under other provisions of this Act), and from the proceeds of insurance, may not exceed the cost of construction incident to the restoration or replacement of the school facilities destroyed or damaged as a result of the disaster. For the purpose of the preceding sentence, the phrase "cost of construction incident to the restoration or replacement of the school facilities" includes such additional amounts as the Commissioner may approve in order to assure that the facilities, as restored or replaced, will afford appropriate protection against personal injuries resulting from a disaster.
(b) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. Pending such appropriation, the Commissioner may expend (without regard subsections (a) and (e) of section 3679 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 665)) from any funds heretofore or hereafter appropriated for expenditure in accordance with other sections of this Act such sums as may be necessary for immediately providing assistance under this section, such appropriations to be reimbursed from the appropriations authorized by this subsection when made.
(c) No payment may be made to any local educational agency under subsection (a) except upon application therefor which is sub
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mitted through the appropriate State educational agency and is filed with the Commissioner in accordance with regulations prescribed by him, and which meets the requirements of section 6(b)(1). In determining the order in which such applications shall be approved, the Commissioner shall consider the relative educational and financial needs of the local educational agencies which have submitted approvable applications. No payment may be made under subsection (a) unless the Commissioner finds, after consultation with the State and local educational agencies, that the project or projects with respect to which it is made are not inconsistent with overall State plans for the construction of school facilities. All determinations made by the Commissioner under this section shall be made only after consultation with the appropriate State educational agency and the local educational agency. In any case in which the Commissioner does not complete, within sixty days, all action leading to approval or disapproval of an application filed under this section, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall assume responsibility for such approval or disapproval of such application and shall complete such action within ninety days of the filing of such application.
(d) Amounts paid by the Commissioner to local educational agencies under subsection (a) may be paid in advance or by way of reimbursement and in such installments as the Commissioner may determine. Any funds paid to a local educational agency and not expended or otherwise used for the purposes for which paid shall be repaid to the Treasury of the United States.
(e) None of the provisions of sections 1 to 10, both inclusive, other than section 6(b)(1), shall apply with respect to this section.
(20 U.S.C. 646) Enacted Nov. 1, 1965, P.L. 89-313, sec. 1, 79 Stat. 1158; amended Jan. 2, 1968, P.L. 90-247, Title II, sec. 217, 81 Stat. 810; amended April 13, 1970, P.L. 91-230, Title II, sec. 201(c), 84 Stat. 154; amended August 21, 1974, P.L. 93-380, sec. 301(b), 88 Stat. 521; amended August 21, 1974, P.L. 93-380, sec. 302(b), 88 Stat. 522; amended April 21, 1976, P.L. 94-273, sec. 3(6), 90 Stat. 376; amended Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1010(b), 1024, 92 Stat. 2310-2312.
SPECIAL BASE CLOSING PROVISION
SEC. 17. In determining the payment to be made to a local educational agency under this Act the Commissioner shall disregard the announcement, made November 19, 1964, of a decrease in or cessation of Federal activities in certain areas, and shall carry out such Act as if such announcement had not been made.
(20 U.S.C. 647) Enacted Nov. 1, 1965, P.L. 89-313, sec. 3, 79 Stat. 1161.
SEC. 1015. (a) The President shall appoint a Commission on the Review of the Federal Impact Aid Program consisting of ten members.
(b) The Commission shall review and evaluate the administration and operation of the impact aid program under the Act of September 30, 1950 (Public Law 874, Eighty-first Congress) including
(1) the equity of the present funding structure under Public Law 874,
(2) the relative benefit of the assistance for impact aid under Public Law 874 in view of the increasing costs of the program and the limitation on the availability of funds, and
(3) the ways in which districts of local educational agencies which are Federally impacted can best be assisted in meeting
their educational needs. (c)(1) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall assure that the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare provide full support and cooperation to the Commission appointed under this section.
(2) The provisions of part D of the General Education Provisions Act, not inconsistent with the provisions of this section, shall apply to the Commission appointed under this section.
(3) This Commission shall closely coordinate its activities with activities of the Advisory Panel on Elementary and Secondary Education authorized under section 1203 of this Act.
(d) The Commission shall prepare and submit to the President and to the Congress not later than September 1, 1981, a report on the review and evaluation required by this section, together with such recommendations, including recommendations for legislation relating to the authorization of the program and funding for the program, as the Commission deems appropriate.
(20 U.S.C. 236 note) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 1015, 92 Stat. 2311; amended Aug. 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 2(a)(5), 93 Stat. 340; amended Oct. 3, 1980, P.L. 96-374, sec. 1304(a), 94 Stat. 1497.
1 Subsections (b), (c) and (d) of section 1304 of the Education Amendments of 1980, P.L. 96-374, relate to the Impact Aid Study and read as follows:
"COMMISSION ON THE REVIEW OF THE FEDERAL IMPACT AID PROGRAM SEC. 1304. (a)
"(b) All funds available to the Commission for its operating expenses shall, not withstanding any other provision of law, be made available to such Commission, and remain available to such Commission to carry out the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section. The Secretary of Education shall, notwithstanding any other provision of law, make available to such Commission, from funds appropriated to the Department of Education, such funds as may be necessary to enable the Commission to maintain its level of operations, consistent with the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section, except that the total amount so available for any month shall not exceed 110 per centum of the average monthly amount available for expenditure by the Commission during the fiscal year 1980.
"(c) The terms of office of the members of such Commission shall be coterminous with the duration of the Commission and the number of such members shall be equal to the number who are in office at any time, except that such number shall not exceed the number specified in such section 1015. A quorum of the Commission shall be equal to a majority of the members of the Commission who have qualified.
"(d) The Commission shall terminate September 30, 1981."