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(1) TRAINING OF EDUCATION AIDES.-A local educational agency may receive funds under this title for programs and projects involving education aides, including volunteers, only if it has in effect well-developed plans providing for coordinated programs of training in which education aides, including volunteers, and the professional staff whom they are assisting will participate together.

(m) CONTROL OF FUNDS.- A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if control of such funds, and title to property derived therefrom, is in a public agency for the uses and purposes provided in this title, and only if a public agency will administer such funds and property.

(n) CONSTRUCTION.- A local educational agency may use funds received under this title for projects for construction of school facilities only if

(i) the project is not inconsistent with overall State plans for the construction of school facilities and the requirements of section 433 of the General Education Provisions Act are complied with on all such projects.

(2) in developing plans for such facilities due consideration has been given to compliance with such standards as the Secretary may prescribe or approve in order to ensure that facilities constructed with the use of Federal funds under this title are, to the extent appropriate in view of the uses to be made of the facilities, accessible to and usable by, handicapped persons, and

(3) in developing plans for such facilities, due consideration has been given to excellence of architecture and design, and inclusion of works of art (not representing more than 1 per

centum of the cost of the project). (0) JOINTLY OPERATED PROGRAMS.—Two or more local educational agencies may, at their option, enter into an agreement for carrying out jointly operated programs and projects assisted under this title.

(20 U.S.C. 2734) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2164-2166; amended Aug. 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 1(3), 93 Stat. 338.

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT

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c. 125. (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF ADVISORY COUNCILS.-(1) A educational agency may receive funds under this title only if it establishes an advisory council for its entire school district which

(A) has a majority of members who are parents of children to be served by projects assisted under this title, who shall either be (i) elected by the project area or school advisory councils required to be established by paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection, or (ii) elected by the parents in such areas;

(B) includes such additional members as may be (i) elected by the project area or school advisory councils required to be established by paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection, or (ii) elected by the parents in such areas;

(C) includes representatives of children and schools eligible to be served by, but not currently participating in, programs assisted with funds provided under this title, who shall be elected by the parents in such areas; and

(D) is established in accordance with regulations to be issued by the Commissioner which provide alternative models to carry out subparagraphs (A) through (C) of this paragraph.

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(2)(A) A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if it establishes an advisory council for each project area or project school, except as provided in subparagraph (B), which

(i) has a majority of members who are parents of children to be served by programs assisted under this title, and

(ii) is composed of members elected by the parents in each project area or project school. (B) In the case of any project area or project school in which not more than one full-time equivalent staff member is paid with funds provided under this title, and in which not more than forty students participate in such programs, the requirements of subparagraph (A) shall be waived.

(C) In the case of any project area or project school in which 75 or more students are served by programs assisted by funds provided under this title, each such project area or project school advisory council, in addition to meeting the requirements of subparagraph (A), shall

(i) be composed of not less than 8 members, who shall serve for terms of two years, after which time they may be reelected:

(ii) elect officers of the council after it has been fully constituted; and

(iii) meet a sufficient number of times per year, according to a schedule and at locations to be determined by such council. (3) Any individual who is a teacher at a school serving a project area or is a parent of a child residing in an eligible school attendance area or attending an eligible school shall be eligible to be elected as a member of the district-wide advisory councils established pursuant to paragraph (1), but nothing in this sentence shall preclude the eligibility of other individuals who are residents in that district. No individual who is a teacher at a project school or a school serving a project area shall be ineligible to be elected as a member of a district-wide or project area or school advisory council on the basis of residency outside such area or district.

(b) RESPONSIBILITIES OF ADVISORY COUNCILS.- Each local educatonal agency shall give each advisory council which it establishes under subsecton (a) responsibility for advising it in planning for, and implementation and evaluation of, its programs and projects assisted under this title.

(c) ACCESS TO INFORMATION.-(1) Each local educational agency shall provide without charge to each advisory council established by such an agency under subsection (a) of this section, and, upon request, to each member of such advisory council

(A) a copy of the text of this title,

(B) a copy of any Federal regulations and guidelines issued under such title; and

(C) a copy of appropriate State regulations and guidelines associated with this title. (2) Each State educational agency shall provide a copy of any report resulting from State or Federal Juditing, monitoring, or evaluation activities in any district to the parent advisory council established pursuant to subsection (a)(1) in such district.

(d) TRAINING PROGRAMS. Each local educational agency application for funding under this title shall describe a program for training the members of advisory councils established pursuant to sub

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section (a) to carry out their responsibilities as described in subsection (b). Such training program

(1) shall be planned in full consultation with the members of such advisory councils;

(2) shall provide each member of each such council with appropriate training materials; and

(3) may permit the use of funds under this title for expenses associated with such training, including expenses associated

with the attendance of such members at training sessions. (e) WORKSHOPS ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT.-For each fiscal year for which payments are made to State educational agencies under this title, the Commissioner shall sponsor workshops in the several regions of the United States which shall be designed to assist local educational agencies to work with and provide training to parent advisory councils established under subsection (a) of this section and to facilitate parental involvement in the programs conducted under this title. The workshops shall be planned and conducted in consultation with members of parent advisory councils in the region served by the workshop.

(f) ASSESSMENT OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND TRAINING.–The National Institute of Education shall assess the effectiveness of (1) various forms of parental involvement, including parent advisory councils, on school governance, student achievement, and other purposes of this title, and (2) various methods of training the members of parent advisory councils, and shall report the results of such assessments to the Congress and the public.

(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.- There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1979 and for each succeeding fiscal year ending prior to October 1, 1983, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of subsections (e) and (f) of this section.

(20 U.S.C. 2735) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2167; 2168; amended Aug. 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 1(4) and (5), 93 Stat. 338.

FUNDS ALLOCATION

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Sec. 126. (a) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.-(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a local educational agency may receive funds under this title for any fiscal year only if the State educational agency finds that the combined fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures (as determined in accordance with regulations of the Commissioner) of that agency and the State with respect to the provision of free public education by that agency for the preceding fiscal year was not less than such combined fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures for that purpose for the second preceding fiscal year.

(2) The Commissioner may waive, for one fiscal year only, the requirements of this subsection if he determines that such a waiver would be equitable due to exceptional and unforeseen circumstances such as a natural disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the financial resources of the local educational agency. In any case in which a waiver under this paragraph is granted, the Commissioner shall reduce the amount of Federal payment for the program affected for the current fiscal year in the exact proportion to which the amount expended (either on an average per pupil or

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aggregate basis) was less than the amount required by paragraph (1). No level of funding permitted under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the fiscal effort required, under paragraph (1), for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. Such fiscal effort shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding which would, but for such waiver, have been required.

(3) The Commissioner shall establish objective criteria of general applicablility to carry out the waiver authority contained in this subsection.

(b) USE OF FUNDS LIMITED TO EXCESS COSTS.-Subject to the provisions of section 131, a local educational agency may use funds received under this title only for the excess costs of programs and projects referred to in section 124(a). As used in this subsection, the term "excess costs" means costs directly attributable to programs and projects which exceed the average per pupil expenditure of a local educational agency in the most recent year for which satisfactory data are available for pupils in the grade or grades included in such programs or projects.

(c) FEDERAL FUNDS TO SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT REGULAR NON-FEDERAL FUNDS.

A local educational agency may use funds received under this title only so as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available from regular nonFederal sources and from non-Federal sources for State phase-in programs described in section 131(b) for the education of pupils participating in programs and projects assisted under this title, and in no case may such funds be so used as to supplant such funds from such non-Federal sources.

(d) FEDERAL FUNDS REQUIRED TO SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT NON-FEDERAL FUNDS FOR CERTAIN SPECIAL STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS.-(1) Subject to section 132, a local educational agency may use funds received under this title only so as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for each of the special programs described in subsection (b) of section 131 for the education of educationally deprived children, in the aggregate, in eligible school attendance areas or attending eligible schools and in no case, as to supplant such funds from nonFederal sources.

(2) It shall not be considered a violation of this subsection for a local educational agency, in carrying out a special program described in subsection (b) of section 131, to take into consideration funds made available under this title, and to coordinate such special programs with programs using such Federal funds, provided that educationally deprived children, in the aggregate, in eligible school attendance areas or attending eligible schools, receive at least the same level of such special State and local funds that would have been made available to such children in the absence of funds under this title.

(3) For purposes of this subsection, the level of funds that, in the absence of funds under this title would have been made available to such children shall be determined by reference to a plan for distributing such special funds. Such plan shall be based on objective criteria of need that do not discriminate against educationally deprived children, in the aggregate in eligible school attendance areas or attending eligible schools. The objective criteria chosen by the local educational agency shall prescribe, with particularity, the children as well as the schools, grade-spans, or school attendance areas eligible for assistance and the method for selecting the particular children who will receive assistance under such special State or local program and the schools or grade-spans which such children attend or the school attendance areas in which such children reside. The criteria for selecting children, schools, grade spans, and school attendance areas for participation shall be either educational need, a reasonable proxy for educational need, level of poverty, or a combination of such factors. Educationally deprived children residing in eligible school attendance areas or attending eligible schools, satisfying such object criteria, must receive assistance under either this title or under such special State or local pro gram before any child who does not satisfy such criteria receives such assistance.

(e) COMPARABILITY OF SERVICES.-Subject to the provisions of section 131, a local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if State and local funds will be used in the district of such agency to provide services in project areas which, taken as a whole, are at least comparable to services being provided in areas in such district which are not receiving funds under this title. Where, under regulations of the Commissioner, all school attendance areas in the district of the agency are designated as project areas, the agency may receive such funds only if State and local funds are used to provide services which, taken as a whole, are substantially comparable, in accordance with regulations of the Commissioner, in each project area. Each local educational agency shall report on or before July 1 of each year with respect to its compliance with this subsection, except for local educational agencies which were not required to report upon the date of enactment of the Education Amendments of 1978, unless the Commissioner otherwise provides by regulation.

(20 U.S.C. 2736) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2168-2170.

ACCOUNTABILITY

SEC. 127. (a) RECORDKEEPING.-Each local educational agency which receives funds under this title shall keep such records and afford such access thereto as the State educational agency shall prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount and disposition of such funds, the total cost of programs and projects in connection with which such funds are used, the amount of the portion of the cost of the program or project supplied by other sources, and such other records as will facilitate an effective audit. Whenever a local educational agency carries on a single compensatory education program paid for out of funds under this title as well as State or local funds which meets all of the requirements of this title and whenever, under section 131, the local educational agency excludes expenditures from State and local sources in determining compliance with section 126 (b) and (e), the State educational agency need not require the Federal funds to be accounted for separately. In any proceeding, State or Federal, for the recoupment of any such funds which were misspent or misapplied, the percentage of the funds so misspent or misapplied which shall be deemed to be

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