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mination that the application provides for the use of such funds in a manner which meets the requirements of this subpart and is consistent with the assurances contained in the general application required by section 436 of the General Education Provisions Act, subject to such basic criteria as the Commissioner may prescribe.
(20 U.S.C. 2731) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2161.
DESIGNATING SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS
SEC. 122. (a) GENERAL PROVISIONS.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) and subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e) of this section, a local educational agency shall use funds received under this title in school attendance areas having high concentrations of children from low-income families (hereinafter referred to as "eligible school attendance areas"), and where funds under this title are insufficient to provide programs and projects for all educationally deprived children in eligible school attendance areas, a local educational agency shall annually rank its eligible school attendance areas from highest to lowest, according to relative degree of concentration of children from low-income families. A local educational agency may carry on a program or project assisted under this title in an eligible school attendance area only if it also carries on such program or project in all other eligible school attendance areas which are ranked higher under the first sentence. A local educational agency may designate any school attendance area in which at least 25 per centum of the children are from low-income families as an eligible school attendance area if the aggregate amount expended under this title and under a State program meeting the requirements of section 131(c) in that fiscal year in each school attendance area of that agency in which projects assisted under this title were carried out in the preceding fiscal year equals or exceeds the amount expended from those sources in that area in such preceding fiscal year. The same measure of low income, which shall be chosen by the local educational agency and which may be a composite of several indicators, shall be used with respect to all such areas, both to identify the areas having high concentrations of children from low-income families and to determine the ranking of each area.
(2)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), in the selection of eligible school attendance areas, a local educational agency may, subject to the requirements of subparagraph (B), choose to rank all its school attendance areas as provided in paragraph (1) and also rank all its school attendance areas according to educational deprivation, and then serve all its school attendance areas ranked according to paragraph (1) in the order of their ranking under such paragraph unless another school attendance area ranked according to education deprivation has a substantially greater number or a substantially greater percentage of educationally deprived children, in which case such school attendance area may be served before service is provided to other school attendance areas ranked pursuant to paragraph (1) which have a substantially smaller number or substantially smaller percentage of educationally deprived children. In the event that a local educational agency chooses to exercise the option provided under this paragraph, it
shall not serve any more school attendance areas than the number identified pursuant to paragraph (1).
(B) Any local educational agency desiring to use the alternative ranking system described in subparagraph (A) shall, with the consent of the district-wide parent advisory council of that agency, apply for permission to use such system to the State educational agency of the State wherein such local educational agency is located. Such application shall be approved by such State educational agency only if such State educational agency finds that the use of such alternative ranking system will not substantially impair the delivery of compensatory education services to educationally deprived children from low-income families in project areas served by such local educational agency. Whenever a school district exercises the option under this paragraph and actually serves one or more school attendance areas ranked under this paragraph, none of the areas so ranked but not served shall be considered to be eligible school attendance areas under this title.
(b) USE OF ENROLLMENT DATA IN CERTAIN SCHOOLS.-A local educational agency may use funds received under this title for educationally deprived children who are in a school of such agency which is not located in an eligible school attendance area, but at which the proportion of children in actual average daily attendance who are from low-income families is substantially the same as the proportion of such children in such an area of that agency (hereinafter referred to as an “eligible school”).
(c) CONTINUATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR CERTAIN SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS OR SCHOOLS.—An eligible school attendance area or an eligible school may be designated a project area under subsection (a) or a project school under subsection (b) for a fiscal year, even though it does not qualify under such subsections for that fiscal year, if such area or school was so designated in either of the two preceding fiscal years.
(d) LOWER RANKED SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS OR SCHOOLS HAVING SUBSTANTIALLY GREATER INCIDENCES OF EDUCATIONALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN THAN HIGHER RANKED AREAS OR SCHOOLS.The Commissioner shall issue regulations providing for an exception to subsection (a) permitting children in lower ranked eligible school attendance areas or eligible schools having substantially greater incidences of educational deprivation than areas or schools ranked higher under subsections (a) or (b) to receive assistance before such children in higher ranked areas or schools receive such assistance.
(e) SKIPPING HIGHER RANKED SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS OR SCHOOLS RECEIVING SERVICES OF THE SAME NATURE AND SCOPE FROM NON-FEDERAL SOURCES.- The Commissioner shall issue regulations providing for an exception to subsection (a) or (b) permitting local educational agencies to skip higher ranked eligible school attendance areas or eligible schools receiving, from non-Federal funds, services of the same nature and scope as would otherwise be provided under this title. Whenever children residing in eligible areas and attending private elementary and secondary schools are ineligible for services of the same nature and scope from non-Federal sources, such children shall be selected for programs and
projects under this title without regard to the provisions of this subsection. The number of children receiving services under this title
who attend private elementary and secondary schools shall be determined in each local educational agency receiving assistance under this title without regard to non-Federal compensatory education funds which serve children in public elementary and secondary schools who are also eligible for assistance under this title. Children attending private elementary and secondary schools who receive assistance under this title shall be identified in accordance with this section and without regard to skipping higher ranked school attendance areas or schools receiving services of the same nature and scope from non-Federal sources.
(20 U.S.C. 2732) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95–561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2161-2163.
CHILDREN TO BE SERVED
SEC. 123. (a) GENERAL PROVISIONS.—Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section and section 133, a local educational agency must use funds received under this title for educationally deprived children, identified in accordance with section 124(b) as having the greatest need for special assistance, in school attendance areas or schools satisfying the requirements of section 122.
(b) CONTINUATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATIONALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN WHO ARE NO LONGER IN GREATEST NEED OF ASSISTANCE.-Whenever for a fiscal year, an educationally deprived child in a school attendance area or school satisfying the requirements of section 122, does not meet the requirement of subsection (a) requiring that he be in greatest need of special assistance, but did meet such requirement in any previous year, and is still educationally deprived, that child may participate in a program or project assisted under this title for the current fiscal year.
(c) CONTINUATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATIONALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN TRANSFERRED TO INELIGIBLE AREAS OR SCHOOLS IN THE SAME YEAR.- Educationally deprived children who begin participation in a progam or project assisted under this title, in accordance with subsections (a) and (b) but who, in the same school year, are transferred to a school attendance area or school not receiving funds under this title, may, if the local agency so determines, continue to participate in a program or project funded under this title for the duration of that same school year.
(d) SKIPPING CHILDREN DETERMINED TO BE IN GREATEST NEED OF ASSISTANCE WHO ARE RECEIVING SERVICES OF THE SAME NATURE AND SCOPE FROM NON-FEDERAL SOURCES.- The Commissioner shall issue regulations providing for an exemption to subsection (a) permitting local educational agencies, in providing services under this title, to skip educationally deprived children in greatest need of assistance who are receiving, from non-Federal sources, services of the same nature and scope as would otherwise be provided under this title.
(20 U.S.C. 2733) Enacted Nov. 1, 1978, P.L. 95-561, sec. 101(a), 92 Stat. 2163, 2164; amended Aug. 6, 1979, P.L. 96-46, sec. 1(2), 93 Stat. 338.
REQUIREMENTS FOR DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMS
SEC. 124. (a) PURPOSE OF PROGRAM.-A local educational agency may use funds received under this title only for programs and pro
jects which are designed to meet the special educational needs of the children referred to in section 123. Such programs and projects may include the acquisition of equipment, payments to teachers of amounts in excess of regular salary schedules as a bonus for service in schools serving project areas, the training of teachers, and, where necessary, the construction of school facilities, and planning for such programs and projects.
(b) ASSESSMENT OF EDUCATIONAL NEED.-A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if it makes an assessment of educational needs each year to (1) identify educationally deprived children in all eligible attendance areas and to select those educationally deprived children who have the greatest need for special assistance; (2) identify the general instructional areas on which the program will focus; and (3) determine the special educational needs of participating children with specificity sufficient to facilitate development of high-quality programs and projects.
(c) PLANNING.-A local educational agency may use funds received under this title for planning only if (1) the planning relates directly to programs or projects to be assisted under this title and has resulted, or is reasonably likely to result, in a program or project to be assisted under this title, and (2) such funds are needed because of the innovative nature of the program or project or because such agency lacks the resources necessary to plan adequately for programs and projects to be assisted under this title. The amount a local educational agency may use for plans for any fiscal year may not exceed 1 per centum of the amount determined for that agency for that year pursuant to section 111 or $2,000, whichever is greater.
(d) SUFFICIENT SIZE, SCOPE, AND QUALITY.- A local educational agency may use funds received under this title only for programs and projects which are of sufficient size, scope, and quality to give reasonable promise of substantial progress toward meeting the special educational needs of the children being served, and to this end such programs and projects must involve an expenditure of not less than $2,500, except that a State educational agency may reduce such $2,500 requirement for a local educational agency if it determines that it would be impossible, for reasons such as distance or difficulty of travel, for such local educational agency to join effectively with other local educational agencies for the purpose of meeting the requirement.
(e) EXPENDITURES RELATED TO RANKING OF PROJECT AREAS AND SCHOOLS.- A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if such funds are allocated among project areas or schools for programs and projects assisted under this title on the basis of the number and needs of children to be served as determined in accordance with section 123.
(f) COORDINATION WITH OTHER PROGRAMS.-(1) A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if it demonstrates that, in the development of its application, it has taken into consideration benefits and services which are or may be available through other public and private agencies, organizations, or individuals. The local educational agency shall also demonstrate that in order to avoid duplication of effort and to ensure that all programs and projects complement each other, it has considered suggestions and offers of assistance made by other agencies which may
aid in carrying out or making more effective the program or project for which the application is made.
(2) A local educational agency may use funds received under this title for health, social, or nutrition services for participating children under this title only if such agency has requested from the State educational agency assistance in locating and utilizing other Federal and State programs to provide such services.
(g) EVALUATIONS.-A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if
(1) effective procedures are adopted for evaluating, in accordance with the evaluation schedule promulgated by the Commissioner under section 183(b), the effectiveness of the programs assisted under this title in meeting the special educational needs of educationally deprived children;
(2) such evaluations will include, during each three-year period, the collection and analysis of data relating to the degree to which programs assisted under this title have achieved their goals, including the requirements of section 130, and will also include objective measurements of educational achievement in basic skills over at least a twelve-month period in order to determine whether regular school year programs have sustained effects over the summer; and
(3) the evaluation will address the purposes of the programs, including the requirements of section 130, and the results of the evaluations will be utilized in planning for and improving projects and activities carried out under this title in subse
quent years. (h) INFORMATION DISSEMINATION.-A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if effective procedures are in existence for acquiring and disseminating to teachers and administrators significant information derived from educational research, demonstration, and similar projects, and for adopting, where appropriate, promising educational practices developed through such projects.
(i) TEACHER AND SCHOOL BOARD PARTICIPATION. A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if teachers in
hools participating in programs assisted under this title, and school boards or comparable authority responsible to the public with jurisdiction over the schools, have been involved in planning for those programs and will be involved in the evaluation thereof.
() PARENT PARTICIPATION.-A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if parents of children participating in programs assisted under this title are permitted to participate in the establishment of such programs and are informed of, and permitted to make recommendations with respect to, the instructional goals of the program and the progress of their children in such program, and such parents are afforded opportunities to assist their children in achieving such goals.
(k) SUSTAINING GAINS.- A local educational agency may receive funds under this title only if, in developing programs to be assisted under this title, the local educational agency will give due consideration to the inclusion of components designed to sustain the achievements of children beyond the school year in which the program is conducted, through such means as summer programs and intermediate and secondary level programs.