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COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

TUESDAY, JUNE 22, 1971

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE
COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met in room 1334, Longworth Building, Hon. Alton Lennon (chairman) presiding.

Mr. LENNON. The Chair observes that a quorum is present and under the circumstances we will start our hearing.

The Subcommittee on Oceanography this morning opens hearings on coastal zone management legislation. The specific bills before us are H.R. 2492 and H.R. 2493. In addition, I hope that the witnesses will be able to direct their attention to specific provisions of H.R. 9229, which was introduced last week and which adds additional features to H.R. 2493.

The proposed legislation deals with a problem which we recognize as a very basic one in the field of ocean concerns—how is our Nation to handle the mounting pressures which threaten the rational conservation, utilization, and development of our coastal zone resources? Are we to continue to sit idly by without establishing a national policy on coastal zone management, are we to wait until the problem is resolved through the establishment of a Federal land-use policy covering the entire United States, with coastal zone policy as one element of that policy, or shall we now take action to pass legislation which will provide a rational approach to managing this, perhaps the most threatened area of national concern?

We look forward with interest to the witnesses who will appear before us during the next 3 days. They represent various elements of State and local governments, interested oceanographic and conservation organizations, and departments of the Federal Government. As the hearings develop, it may become apparent that a day or two of additional testimony may be necessary in order to hear all the witnesses that desire to be heard. We will have to decide that issue if and when it arises.

The first witness this morning is Dr. William J. Hargis, Jr., Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, Va., representing the Coastal States Organization. (The bills and departmental reports follow :)

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1971a

COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland, Chairman
LEONOR K. (MRS. JOHN B.) SULLIVAN, THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington
Missouri

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California
FRANK M. CLARK, Pennsylvania

CHARLES A. MOSHER, Ohio THOMAS L. ASHLEY, Ohio

JAMES R. GROVER, JR., New York JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan

HASTINGS KEITH, Massachusetts ALTON LENNON, North Carolina

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan THOMAS N. DOWNING, Virginia

GEORGE A. GOODLING, Pennsylvania JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida

PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California FRANK A. STUBBLEFIELD, Kentucky JACK H. MCDONALD, Michigan JOHN M. MURPHY, New York

M. G. (GENE) SNYDER, Kentucky JOSEPH E. KARTH,* Minnesota

ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey ROBERT L. LEGGETT, California

PIERRE S. (PETE) DU PONT, Delaware
SPEEDY O. LONG, Louisiana

WILLIAM O. MILLS, Maryland
MARIO BIAGGI, New York
CHARLES H. GRIFFIN, Mississippi
GLENN M. ANDERSON, California
ELIGIO DE LA GARZA, Texas
PETER N. KYROS, Maine
ROBERT 0. TIERNAN, Rhode Island
JAMES V. STANTON, Ohio

RALPH E. CASEY, Chief Counsel
ROBERT J. McELROY, Chief Clerk

FRANCIS D. HEYWARD, Counsel
RICHARD N. SHAROOD, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON OCEANOGRAPHY

ALTON LENNON, North Carolina, Chairman PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida

CHARLES A. MOSHER, Ohio THOMAS L. ASHLEY, Ohio

HASTINGS KEITH, Massachusetts THOMAS N. DOWNING, Virginia

GEORGE A, GOODLING, Pennsylvania JOSEPH E. KARTH,* Minnesota

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California FRANK M. CLARK, Pennsylvania

ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey ROBERT L. LEGGETT, California

PIERRE S. (PETE) DU PONT, Delaware
CHARLES H. GRIFFIN, Mississippi

WILLIAM O. MILLS, Maryland
GLENN M. ANDERSON, California
MARIO BIAGGI, New York
ELIGIO DE LA GARZA, Texas
ROBERT 0. TIERNAN, Rhode Island
PETER N. KYROS, Maine
*Resigned from committee as of Oct. 6, 1971.

MEW 23 de 72

CONTENTS

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Hearings held

June 22, 1971
June 23, 1971.
June 24, 1971
August 3, 1971
August 4, 1971.
August 5, 1971.
November 1, 1971.

November 9, 1971.
Text of-

H.R. 2492
H.R. 2493

H.R. 9229
Sectional analysis-

H.R. 2492
H.R. 2493.

H.R. 9226.
Reports from
H.R. 2492:

Atomic Energy Commission.-
Defense Department (Navy).
Environmental Protection Agency
General Accounting Office..
Interior Department.
Smithsonian Institution.

Treasury Department.
H.R. 2493:

Atomic Energy Commission..
Defense Department (Navy)-
Environmental Protection Agency -
General Accounting Office,
Health, Education, and Welfare Department.
Interior Department.
Smithsonian Institution.

Treasury Department.
H.R. 9229:

Atomic Energy Commission.-
General Accounting Office...
Health, Education, and Welfare Department.
Interior Department.
Smithsonian Institution.

Treasury Department...
Statement of -

Brennan, James, Office of the General Counsel, Department of Com-
Capper, John, Department of Chesapeake Bay Affairs, representing

the Governor of Maryland.--
Carter, Jimmy, Governor of Georgia
Floyd, Picot, former city manager, Savannah, Ga--
Goodenough, Richard D., director, Division of Marine Services, New

Jersey
Goodwin, James T., coordinator of Natural Resources, Austin, Tex..
Guernsey, Dr. Lee, Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee,

Fla.
Hammond, Dr. Leigh, Deputy Director of Administration, Raleigh,
N.C.---

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merce.

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419

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282

323 261 107

367

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379

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385

273

Statement of_Continued

Hampton, Kenneth R., representing the National Wildlife Federa

tion.-
Hargis, Dr. William J., Jr., director, Virginia Institute of Marine

Science, Gloucester Point, Va..
Harris, Shearon, chairman and president, Carolina Power & Light

Co., representing the Edison Electric Institute..
Knauss, John A., dean of the graduate school of oceanography and

provost of marine affairs, University of Rhode Island.
Loesch, Harrison, Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Public Land

Management.--
Mac Donald, Dr. Gordon J. F., member, Council on Environmental

Quality ----
Nayudu, Dr. Y. R., Coast Commission, Juneau, Alaska, representing

the Governor of Alaska -
Pankowski, Ted, associate, the Izaak Walton League of America-
Pittman, John, Executive Director, North Carolina Marine Science

Council,
Quarles, John R., Jr., Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and

general counsel, Environmental Protection Agency.-
Reilly, William, staff, Council on Environmental Quality
Rousakis, John P., mayor of Savannah, Ga--
Ryther, Dr. John, senior scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Insti-

tute.
Scott, Robert W., Governor of the State of North Carolina, as pre-

sented by Dr. Leigh Hammond..
Shephard, Robert J., president, American Oceanic Organization.
Shipmann, Ross, University of Texas at Austin..
Slater, Lloyd, technical representative of the Environmental Quality

Board of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Smith, Dr. Roland, Deputy Chief, Oceanic Division, Office of Plans

and Programs, NOAA, Department of Commerce-
Snowhite, Larry, legislative assistant, National League of Cities and

U.S. Conference of Mayors.
Suddath, Capt. Thomas H.
Treichel, Dr. Georg, San Francisco State College, ecological con-

sultant to the Sierra Club -
Wenk, Edward, Jr., University of Washington
Wheeler, Douglas, Legislative Counsel's Office, Department of the

Interior..
White, Dr. Robert M., Administrator, National Oceanic and At-

mospheric Association, Department of Commerce
Wise, Harold F., on behalf of the American Institute of Planners.

Young, H. J., vice president, Edison Electric Institute..
Additional material supplied by-
Hargis, Dr. William J., Jr.:
Need for a separate national Coastal Zone Management Pro-

gram.
Roles and Organization of Science and Engineering in Coastal

Zone Planning and Management

Virginia Institute of Marine Science-
Holton, Linwood, Governor of Virginia, prepared statement.
Knauss, John A., members of the Stratton Commission..
Milliken, William G., Governor of Michigan:

Prepared statement

Text of Michigan Act 245 of 1970Nayudu, Dr. Y. R.:

An Act of 1971 of the State of Alaska creating a Department of

Environmental Conservation...
Joint Resolution of the Alaska State Legislature of 1970 requesting

the establishment of an estuarine research center. Pankowski, Ted:

Court case in U.S. district court in Camden, N.J.
U.S. court gives go-ahead on wetlands suit.

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341 353

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Additional material supplied by—continued
Peterson, Russell W., Governor of Delaware:

Coastal Zone Management for Delaware..
Prepared statement..
Test of House Substitute No. 2 for House Bill No. 300 of the

State of Delaware...
Rousakis, John P., text of Georgia bill, H.R. 212.

Shepherd, Robert J., prepared statement
Communications submitted for the record-

Amundsen, Paul A., executive director, The American Association of

Port Authorities, letter of June 24, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon

with enclosed statement and resolution....
Beller, William S., chairman, Marine Technology Society, letter of

September 10, 1971, to Hon. Aiton A. Lennon
Burns, John A., Governor of Hawaii, letter of June 21, 1971, to Hon.

Alton Lennon...
Cahill, William T., Governor of New Jersey, letter of July 14, 1971,

to Hon. Aiton Lennon..
Carter, Jimmy, letter of June 28, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon with

enclosed statement entitled "National and State Coastal Zone Policy Planning and Management Are Needed"Clewell, Dr. D. H., National Security Industrial Association, letter

of June 21, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon.
Curtis, Kenneth M., Governor of Maine, letter of June 17, 1971, to

Hon. Alton Lennon...
Hargis, William J., Jr., letter of July 19, 1971, to Congressman Alton

Lennon with enclosed comments.
Hastings, Robert F., president, American Institute of Architects,

letter of June 16, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon..
Kelley, Claude D., Director of Conservation, Alabama Department

of Conservation, letter of June 25, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon..
Krueger, Robert B., chairman, California Advisory Commission on

Marine and Coastal Resources, letter of Mar is, 1971, to Hon.
Alton Lennon with enclosed “Report on Coastal Zone Committee
Regarding Proposed Federal Coastal Zone Management Legisla-

tion"
Licht, Frank, Governor of Rhode Island, letter of July 30, 1971, to

Hon. Alton Lennon...
Massoni, Albert L., Director of National Affairs, American Institute

of Planners, letter of July 1, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon with

proposed amendments. Milliken, William G., Governor of Michigan, letter of June 23, 1971,

to Hon. Alton Lennon.. Vaake, Larry E., legislative assistant for Bernard F. Hillenbrand,

executive director, National Association of Counties, letter of

June 21, 1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon with recommendations... Pankowski, Ted, letter of November 16, 1970, to Dr. Wm. Hargis,

chairman, Coastal States Organization Penfold, J. W., Conservation Director, Izaak Walton League, letter

of December 12, 1969, to Richard N. Rigby, Jr., executive director,

National Oceanography Association..
Peterson, Walter, Governor of New Hampshire, letter of June 25,

1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon...
Quarles, John R., Jr., letter of September 28, 1971, to Hon. Alton A.

Lennon.
Reagan, Ronald, Governor of California, letter of July 2, 1971, to

Hon. Alton Lennon...
Rockefeller, Nelson A., Governor of New York, letter of July 20,

1971, to Hon. Alton Lennon.
Shapp, Milton J., Governor of Pennsylvania, letter of June 21, 1971,

to Hon. Alton Lennon... Small, Stephen K., municipal legislative counsel, Investment Bankers

Association of America, letter of August 5, 1971, to Hon. Alton

Lennon with enclosed statement..
Weddig, Lee J., executive director, National Fisheries Institute, Inc.,

letter of June 30, 1971, to Hon. Edward A. Garmatz..
West, John C., Governor of South Carolina, letter of June 21, 1971, to

Hon. Alton Lennon.

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