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COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
TUESDAY, JUNE 22, 1971
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met in room 1334, Longworth Building, Hon. Alton Lennon (chairman) presiding.
Mr. LExxox. The Chair observes that a quorum is present and under the circumstances we will start our hearing.
The Subcommittee on Oceanography this morning opens hearings on coastal zone management legislation. The specific bills before us are H.R. 2492 and H.R. 2193. In addition, I hope that the witnesses will be able to direct their attention to specific provisions of H.R. 9229, which was introduced last week and which adds additional features to H.R. 2493.
The proposed legislation deals with a problem which we recognize as a very basic one in the field of ocean concerns—how is our Nation to handle the mounting pressures which threaten the rational conservation, utilization, and development of our coastal zone resources? Are we to continue to sit idly by without establishing a national policy on coastal zone management, are we to wait until the problem is resolved through the establishment of a Federal land-use policy covering the entire United States, with coastal zone policy as one element of that policy, or shall we now take action to pass legislation which will provide a rational approach to managing this, perhaps the most threatened area of national concern?
We look forward with interest to the witnesses who will appear before us during the next 3 days. They represent various elements of State and local governments, interested oceanographic and conservation organizations, and departments of the Federal Government. As the hearings develop, it may become apparent that a day or two of additional testimony may be necessary in order to hear all the witnesses that desire to be heard. We will have to decide that issue if and when it arises.
The first witness this morning is Dr. William J. Hargis, Jr., Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, Va., representing the Coastal States Organization. (The bills and departmental reports follow :)
JANUARY 29, 1971
mittee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
and estuarine areas.
2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 That the Act entitled “An Act to provide for a compre
4 hensive, long-range, and coordinated national program in
5 marine science, to establish a National Council on Marine
6 Resources and Engineering Development, and a Comunisī sion on Marine Science, Engineering, and Resources, and 8 for other purposes”, approved June 17, 1966 (80 Stat. 203, 9 33 U.S.C. 1101-1124), is amended by adding at the end
10 thereof the following new title:
4 "SEC. 301. This title may be cited as the 'Coastal and 5 Estuarine Area Management Act'.
7 "SEC. 302. The Congress finds that rapidly intensifying 8 use of coastal and estuarine areas has outrun the capabilities 9 of Federal, State, and local machinery to plan their orderly 10 development and to resolve conflicts. The key to more ef
11 fective use of our coastal and estuarine areas is the introduc
12 tion of a management system permitting conscious and in13 formed choices among development alternatives, providing 14 for proper planning, and encouraging recognition of the long15 term importance of maintaining the quality of these produc16 tive regions in order to insure both its enjoyment and the 17 sound utilization of its resources. It is thereby declared to be 18 the policy of the Congress to foster the effective utilization of
19 coastal and estuarine areas through assistance to coastal 20 States in their management. .
“Sec. 303. (a) Subject to the limitations in section 304
23 (a) (1), the Administrator of the National Oceanic and At24 mospheric Agency (hereafter referred to in this title as the
25 'Administrator') may make grants to any coastal authority
1 for the purpose of defraying the operating expenses incurred
management, or for the implementation of such a plan, sub-
13 proposal 14
“(1) identifies the coastal areas requiring con15 certed attention, and develops a plan for their most
“(2) provides machinery for the resolution of conflicts arising from multiple use;
“(3) fosters the widest possible variety of beneficial uses to maximize social return, achieving a balance
between the need for conservation and for economic
“(4) provides for necessary enforcement powers
through zoning, permits, licenses, easements, acquisition