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but shall lie on the table, to be taken up in the order they were read.-Rules, H. R. 45.

Regularly a motion for receiving it must be made and seconded, and a question put, Whether it shall be received? But a cry from the House of "Received," or even its silence, dispenses with the formality of this question: it is then to be read at the table, and disposed of.



When a motion has been made, it is not to be put to the question, or debated, until it is seconded.--Scob. 21.

The Senate say, No motion shall be debated until the same shall be seconded.-Rule 9.

It is then, and not till then, in possession of the House. It is to be put into writing, if the House or Speaker require it, and must be read to the House by the Speaker, as often as any member desires it for his information.-2 Hats. 82.

The Rule of the Senate is, When a motion shall be made and seconded, it shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the President or any member, delivered in at the table, and read by the President, before the same shall be debated.--Rule 10.

When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Speaker; or, being in writing, it shall be handed to the chair, and read aloud by the clerk before debated.-Rules H. R. 29.

Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker or any member desire it.-Rules H. R. 30.

It might be asked, whether a motion for adjournment, or for the orders of the day, can be made by one member while another is speaking? It cannot. When two members offer to speak, he who rose first is to be heard, and it is a breach of order in another to interrupt him, unless by calling him to order if he departs from it. And the question of order being decided, he is still to be heard through. A call for adjournment, or for the order of the day, or for the question, by gentlemen from their seats, is not a motion. No motion can be made without rising and addressing the chair. Such calls are themselves breaches of order, which though the member who has risen may respect as an expression of impatience of the House, against further debate, yet, if he chooses, he has a right to go on.



When the House commands, it is by an 66 order." But fact, principles, their own opinions, and purposes, are expressed in the form of resolutions.

A resolution for an allowance of money to the clerks, being moved, it was objected to as not in order, and so ruled by the chair. But, an appeal to the Senate, (i. e. a call for their sense by the President, on account of doubt in his mind, according to Rule 16,) the decision was over-ruled.-Journ. Sen. June 1, 1796. I presume the doubt was, whether an allowance of money could be made otherwise than by bill.



Every bill shall receive three readings, previous to its being passed; and the President shall give notice at each, whether it be the first, second, or third; which readings shall be on three different days, unless the Senate unanimously direct otherwise.-Rule 26.

Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by an order of the House, on the report of the committee; and, in either case, a committee to prapare the same

shall be appointed. In cases of a general nature, one day's notice, at least, shall be given of the motion to bring in a bill; and every such motion may be committed.-Rules H. R. 87.



One day's notice, at least, shall be given of an intend. ed motion for leave to bring in a bill.—Rule 25.

When a member desires to bring a bill on any subject, he states to the House, in general terms, the causes for doing it, and concludes by moving for leave to bring in a bill, entitled, &c. Leave being given, on the question, a committee is appointed to prepare and bring in the bill. The mover and seconder are always appointed on this committee, and one or more in addition. -Hakew. 132-Scob. 40.

It is to be presented fairly written, without any erasure or interlineation; or the Speaker may refuse it. Scob. 31—1 Grey, 82. 84.



When a bill is first presented, the clerk reads it at the table, and hands it to the Speaker, who, rising, states to the House the title of the bill; that this is the first time of reading it; and the question will be, Whether it shall be read a second time? Then sitting down, to give an opening for objections; if none be made, he rises. again, and puts the question, Whether it shall be read a second time?-Hakew. 137. 141. A bill cannot be amended at the first reading.-6 Grey, 286; nor is it usual for it to be opposed then, but it may be done and rejected.—D'Ewes, 335, col. 1-3 Hats. 198, (Vide Rules H. R. 88.)



The second reading must regularly be on another day.-Hakew. 143. It is done by the clerk at the table, who then hands it to the Speaker. The Speaker, rising, states to the House the title of the bill, that this is the second

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