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are received from the President of the United States, the House shall be cleared of all persons, except the members, Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms, and Doorkeeper, and so continue during the reading of such communications, and (unless otherwise directed by the House) during all debates and proceedings to be had thereon. And when the Speaker, or any other member, shall inform the House that he has communications to make, which he conceives ought to be kept secret, the House shall, in like manner, be cleared, till the communication be made; the House shall then determine whether the matter communicated requires secrecy or not, and take order ascordingly.

85. The Sergeant-at-arms and the Doorkeeper shall be sworn to keep the secrets of the House.

86. All questions relating to the priority of business to be acted on shall be decided without debate.


87. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by an order of the House, on the report of the committee; and, in either case, a committee to prepare the same shall be appointed. In cases of a general nature one day's notice at least shall be given of the motion to bring in a bill; and every such motion may be committed.

88. Every bill shall receive three several

readings in the House previous to its passage; and all bills shall be dispatched in order as they were introduced, unless where the House shall direct otherwise; but no bill shall be twice read on the same day, without special order of the Ilouse.

89. The first reading of a bill shall be for information; and, if opposition be made to it, the question shall be, " Shall this bill be rejected?" If no opposition be made, or if the question to reject be negatived, the bill shall go to its second reading without a question.

90. Upon the second reading of a bill, the Speaker shall state it as ready for commitment or engrossment; and, if committed, then a question shall be, whether to a select or standing committee, or to a committee of the whole House if to a committee of the whole House, the House shall determine on what day. But, if the bill be ordered to be engrossed, the House shall appoint the day when it shall be read the third time.

91. Not more than three bills, originating in the House, shall be committed to the same committee of the whole; and such bills be analogous in their nature, which analogy shall be determined by the Speaker.

92. After commitment and report thereof to the House, or at any time before its passage, a bill may be recommitted.

93. All bills ordered to be engrossed shall be executed in a fair round hand.

94. No amendment by way of rider shall be received to any bill on its third reading.

95. When a bill shall pass, it shall be certified by the clerk, noting the day of its passage at the foot thereof.


96. It shall be a standing order of the day, throughout the session, for the House to resolve itself into a committee of the whole House on the state of the Union.

97. In forming a committee of the whole House, the Speaker shall leave his chair, and a Chairman to preside in committee, shall be appointed by the Speaker.

98. Upon bills committed to a committee of the whole House, the bill shall be first read throughout by the clerk, and then again read and debated by clauses, leaving the preamble to be last considered; the body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and line, shall be duly entered by the clerk on a separate paper, as the same shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended by clauses, before a question to engross it be taken.

99. All amendments made to an original motion in committee, shall be incorporated with the motion, and so reported.

100. All amendments made to a report com

mitted to a committee of the whole House shall be noted and reported, as in case of bills.

101. All questions, whether in committee or in the House, shall be propounded in the order in which they were moved, except that, in filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be first put.

102. No motion or proposition for a tax or charge upon the people shall be discussed the day in which it is made or offered; and every such proposition shall receive its first discussion in a committee of the whole House.

103. No sum or quantum of tax or duty, voted by a committee of the whole House, shall be increased in the House until the motion or proposition for such increase shall be first discussed and voted in a committee of the whole House; and so in respect to the time of its continuance.

104. All proceedings, touching appropriations of money, shall be first discussed in a committee of the whole House.

105. The rules of proceedings in the House shall be observed in a committee of the whole House, so far as they may be applicable, except the rule limiting the time of speaking; but no member shall speak twice to any question, until every member choosing to speak shall have spoken.

106. No standing rule or order of the House shall be rescinded or changed without one day's notice being given of the motion therefor. Nor

shall any rule be suspended, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present. Nor shall the order of business, as established by the rules of the House, be postponed or changed, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present.

107. It shall be in order for the Committee on Enrolled Bills to report at any time.

108. No person shall be permitted to perform divine service in the chamber occupied by the House of Representatives, unless with the consent of the Speaker.

109. The rule for paying witnesses summoned to appear before this House, or either of its committees, shall be as follows: for each day a witness shall attend, the sum of two dollars; for each mile he shall travel in coming to, or going from, the place of examination, the sum of ten cents each way; but nothing shall be paid for travelling home when the witness has been summoned at the place of trial.

110. The clerk shall, within thirty days after the close of each session of Congress, cause to be completed the printing and primary distribution to members and delegates, of the journal of the House, together with an accurate index to the same.

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