Page images
PDF
EPUB

Place

U.S. Postage Stamp Here

Washington, D.C. 20548

U.S. General Accounting Office
Box 6015
Gaithersburg, MD 20877

United States General Accounting Omce

Place

U.S. Postage Stamp Here

Washington, D.C. 20548

U.S. General Accounting Office
Rox 6015
Gaithersburg, MD 20877

United States General Accounting Omñce

Place

U.S. Postage Star:p Here

Washington, D.C. 20548

U.S. General Accounting Office
Box 6015
Gaithersburg, MD 20877

GAO/RCED-90-228

[blocks in formation]

Title/Subtitle (Testimony Titles Are

Bracketed)

Document Report Number

Pagination

Document Date

Addressee

Type of Document

Author

GAO Issue Area

GAO Contact

Budget Function (Code Numbers in Parentheses)

Agency/Organization Concerned

Hazardous Waste: Status of Private
Party Efforts To Clean Up
Hazardous Waste Sites. RCED-86-
65FS; B-221269. December 27, 1985.
Released January 28, 1986. 2 pp. plus 2
appendices (7 pp.). Fact Sheet to Rep.
James J. Florio, Chairman, House
Committee on Energy and Commerce:
Commerce, Transportation, and Tourism
Subcommittee; by Hugh J. Wessinger,
Senior Associate Director, Resources,
Community, and Economic Development
Division. Refer to RCED-86-123, May 6,
1986, Accession Number 130081.
Issue Area: Environment: Assessing
EPA's Cleanup of the Worst Abandoned
Hazardous Waste Sites (6803).
Contact: Resources, Community, and
Economic Development Division.
Budget Function: Natural Resources
and Environment: Pollution Control and
Abatement (304.0).
Organization Concerned:
Environmental Protection Agency.
Congressional Relevance; House
Committee on Energy and Commerce:
Commerce, Transportation, and Tourism
Subcommittee; Rep. James J. Florio.
Authority: Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation,
and Liability Act of 1980.
Abstract: In response to a congressional
request, GAO reviewed the
Environmental Protection Agency's
(EPA) compliance monitoring of
responsible party settlements for
cleanup at priority hazardous waste sites
and prepared a fact sheet summarizing
its findings.
Findings/Conclusions: EPA has the
authority to compel parties responsible
for hazardous site conditions to either
perform cleanups themselves or
reimburse the government for cleaning
up the site. GAO: (1) obtained
information on the number, type, and
status of responsible party cleanup
activities at sites which were designated
as the nation's worst; (2) obtained from
EPA the estimated value of settlements
reached and the estimated amount spent
at those sites; and (3) verified responsible

Congressional Relevance

Legislative Authority

Abstract

Findings/Conclusions

[ocr errors]

136459 (Management of Public Rangelands by the Bureau of Land Management). T-RCED-88-58. August 2, 1988. 6 pp. plus 2 attachments (8 pp.). Testimony before the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs: National Parks and Public Lands Subcommittee; by James Duffus, III, Associate Director, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division. Refer to RCED-88-80, June 10, 1988, Accession Number 136027; and RCED-88-105, June 30, 1988, Accession Number 136218.

Contact: Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division. Organization Concerned: Bureau of Land Management. Congressional Relevance: House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs: National Parks and Public Lands Subcommittee. . Authority: Grazing Act. Land Policy and Management Act. Abstract: GAO discussed how the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) administered public rangelands. GAO found that: (1) although Congress mandated that BLM manage rangelands for the benefit of all and to ensure their future maintenance, much rangeland remained in unsatisfactory condition; (2) almost 60 percent of the grazing allotments were in only poor or fair condition and the riparian areas were worse; (3) the primary cause of rangeland and riparian degradation is poorly managed livestock grazing, since livestock tend to congregate in riparian areas, eat most of the vegetation, and trample streambanks; (4) BLM has done little to reduce authorized grazing levels in overgrazed areas and has not established appropriate grazing levels; (5) BLM staff believe that neither BLM management nor ranchers would support efforts to improve riparian areas; and (6) BLM reduced staffing levels for those specialist positions needed to achieve range management goals. GAO believes that BLM needs to: (1) establish finite goals for riparian-area restoration; and (2) annually measure the progress made to achieve those goals.

Peter W. Rodino; Rep. Marge Roukema; Rep. Christopher H. Smith; Rep. Robert G. Torricelli; by J. Dexter Peach, Assistant Comptroller General, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division. Refer to RCED-89-84, May 8, 1989, Accession Number 138774; RCED-89-189, September 14, 1989, Accession Number 139584; T-RCED-90-4, October 26, 1989, Accession Number 139890; and RCED-90-11, October 12, 1989, Accession Number 140041. Issue Area: Transportation: Other Issue Area Work (6691). Contact: Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division. Budget Function: Transportation: Air Transportation (402.0). Organization Concerned: Department of Transportation; Federal Aviation Administration. Congressional Relevance: House Committee on Appropriations: Transportation Subcommittee; House Committee on Public Works and Transportation; Senate Committee on Appropriations: Transportation Subcommittee; Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation; Rep. Matthew J. Rinaldo; Rep. Dean A. Gallo; Rep. James J. Florio; Rep. Jim Courter; Rep. Robert G. Torricelli; Rep. Christopher H. Smith; Rep. Marge Roukema; Rep. Peter W. Rodino, Jr.. Authority: Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (National). Abstract: Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) implementation of its Expanded East Coast Plan, focusing on: (1) agencies' responsibilities for assessing the environmental impact of revising air routes and flight procedures; (2) the plan's effects on noise and air routes; (3) how FAA measured aircraft noise; (4) reasons why FAA did not perform an environmental assessment of the plan; and (5) actions FAA took in response to citizens' complaints regarding increased aircraft noise. Findings/Conclusions: GAO found that FAA: (1) designed the plan to reduce air traffic delays by revising air traffic control routes and flight procedures; (2) had sole responsibility for assessing the plan's environmental impact and used a measure of day-night noise level (Ldn) to determine cumulative exposure to aircraft noise; (3) did not assess the plan's environmental impact, based on its long-standing policy to exempt routes and flight procedures carried out at over 3,000 feet from such assessment; and (4) concluded that the plan significantly

136504 Aircraft Noise: Implementation of FAA's Expanded East Coast Plan. RCED-88-143; B-230870. August 5, 1988. 10 pp. plus 8 appendices (49 pp.). Report to Rep. Jim Courter; Rep. James J. Florio; Rep. Dean A. Gallo; Rep. Matthew J. Rinaldo; Rep.

reduced flight delays, but failed to link any delay reductions to specific plan components. GAO also found that: (1) the plan resulted in three new departure routes, two new arrival routes, and six realigned routes over New Jersey; (2) New Jersey residents lodged numerous complaints about increased aircraft noise after the plan's implementation; (3) a 1day FAA study in one affected area showed aircraft noise to be within FAA guidelines; and (4) in response to citizen complaints, FAA directed air traffic controllers to, when possible, direct flights along more varied paths to spread traffic over a wider area. Recommendation To Agencies: The Secretary of Transportation should direct the Administrator, FAA, to improve the information base available on which to assess the merits of the Expanded East Coast Plan and other such major airspace changes by: (1) preparing an environmental assessment of the effects of the plan and, if significant impacts from the plan are found, preparing an environmental impact statement; (2) making a qualitative determination of which portions of the reduced delays are due to the plan and which are due to other factors; and (3) preparing an environmental assessment of any major proposal for making widespread air route or flight procedure changes on the West Coast or in other areas of the country where delays and congestion warrant such changes.

136508
(Background and Business
Relationships of Envirosure
Management Corporation). T-OSI-
88-6. August 10, 1988. 7 pp.
Testimony before the House
Committee on Government
Operations: Environment, Energy
and Natural Resources
Subcommittee; by David C.
Williams, Director, Office of Special
Investigations. Refer to T-RCED-87-
13, April 6, 1987, Accession Number
132598.

Contact: Office of Special Investigations.
Organization Concerned:
Environmental Protection Agency; PCB,
Inc.; C.B. Oil, Inc.; Marc Equity Realty
Associates; Envirosure Management
Corp.; Defense Logistics Agency.
Congressional Relevance: House
Committee on Government Operations:
Environment, Energy and Natural
Resources Subcommittee..
Abstract: GAO discussed its
investigation of a waste management
firm's background and business

5 appendices (11 pp.). Report to
Congress; by Charles A. Bowsher,
Comptroller General. Refer to The
GAO Journal, No. 3, Fall 1988, pp.
18-20, Accession Number 137159;
PEMD-87-14, September 30, 1987,
Accession Number 134077; RCED-88-
1, October 26, 1987, Accession
Number 134238; CED-81-30, April 30,
1987, Accession Number 115081;
RCED-85-166, September 5, 1985,
Accession Number 128069; RCED-87-
27, December 23, 1986, Accession
Number 132009; RCED-87-170,
August 28, 1987, Accession Number
134121; CED-80-106, August 22, 1980,
Accession Number 113122; RCED-86-
34, November 13, 1985, Accession
Number 128766; PAD-82-15, March
23, 1982, Accession Number 117921;
OCG-89-8TR, November 1988,
Accession Number 137334; RCED-89-
164, August 21, 1989, Accession
Number 139963; T-RCED-90-26,
February 8, 1990, Accession Number
140565; T-RCED-90-25, February 7,
1990, Accession Number 140568; and
T-RCED-90-46, March 7, 1990,
Accession Number 140805.

relationships. GAO noted that the Environmental Quality; Department of Buffalo, New York-based firm,

Defense; Department of the Navy. incorporated in July 1984: (1) specialized Congressional Relevance: House in the disposal of polychlorinated

Committee on Appropriations: biphenyls (PCB); and (2) had commercial, Transportation Subcommittee; House industrial, and government customers, Committee on Public Works and at one time deriving 60 percent of its Transportation: Aviation Subcommittee; business from the Defense Logistics Senate Committee on Appropriations: Agency. GAO also noted that the: (1) Transportation Subcommittee; Senate former owner of another waste

Committee on Commerce, Science and management firm allegedly broke his Transportation: Aviation Subcommittee; noncompetition agreement with its

Sen. Jesse A. Helms. acquirers by lending $1 million to

Authority: Environmental Policy Act of finance the establishment of the firm 1969 (National). Aviation Act. under investigation; (2) firm allegedly Abstract: In response to a congressional repaid the loan by selling stock into a

request, GAO evaluated the Federal trust fund for the lender's daughter; (3) Aviation Administration's (FAA) lender became a consultant with the

management of special-use airspace set firm shortly after the noncompetition aside for military training, focusing on agreement expired; (4) lender owned the

its: (1) approval process for special-use property the firm leased for its

proposals; and (2) monitoring of existing headquarters and waived the firm's lease special-use airspace. payments when it experienced financial

Findings/Conclusions: GAO found that difficulties; (5) firm frequently conducted FAA: (1) lacked adequate data to business with other companies the

effectively manage special-use airspace lender owned; (6) firm's owners,

areas and did not require military stockholders, and executives were jointly

services to provide such data; (2) did not involved in numerous business

establish guidance for its regions to enterprises; (7) firm had an exclusive

reduce or eliminate inappropriate use of marketing agreement with two Kansas

special airspace areas; and (3) planned to City waste disposal firms; and (8)

discuss its role in evaluating military Environmental Protection Agency

environmental assessments in specialrepeatedly cited those two firms and

use proposals with the Council on some of their affiliates for

Environmental Quality. GAO noted that, noncompliance with PCB regulations. In

in 1987, two Navy staff studies on addition, GAO noted that many of the

special-use airspace utilization showed individuals involved with the firm

that the Navy: (1) lacked a standard, declined to talk with GAO but denied

centralized system for documenting and allegations regarding their financial

reporting its airspace usage; and (2) backing of and involvement with the

inefficiently and inappropriately used firm.

special airspace areas.

Recommendation To Agencies: The 136566

Secretary of Transportation should

direct the Administrator, FAA, to Airspace Use: FAA Needs to

require standardized user reporting of Improve Its Management of Special

actual usage data for restricted areas Use Airspace. RCED-88-147; B

and expand the reporting requirement to 226538. August 5, 1988.

other areas, such as military operations Released August 15, 1988. 9 pp. plus 11

areas. The Secretary of Transportation appendices (30 pp.). Report to Sen. Jesse

should direct the Administrator, FAA, to A. Helms; by J. Dexter Peach, Assistant

review periodically the usage reports Comptroller General, Resources,

and ensure that the airspace is being Community, and Economic Development

used for the designated purpose. The Division. Refer to RCED-88-133FS, April

Secretary of Transportation should 29, 1988, Accession Number 135748; and

direct the Administrator, FAA, to RCED-89-84, May 8, 1989, Accession

establish standards for measuring the Number 138774.

effectiveness of special-use airspace Issue Area: Transportation: FAA

utilization to develop a starting point for Management of the Controller Work

all regional discussion of modification or

disestablishment of special-use airspace.
Force (6607).
Contact: Resources, Community, and
Economic Development Division.

136581
Budget Function: Transportation: Air Environmental Protection Agency:
Transportation (402.0).

Protecting Human Health and the Organization Concerned: Federal

Environment Through Improved Aviation Administration; Department of Management. RCED-88-101; BTransportation; Council on

231234. August 16, 1988. 235 pp. plus

Issue Area: Environmental Protection:
Assessing EPA's Initial Efforts To
Address Problems Posed by Past
Hazardous Waste Disposal Practices
(6801).
Contact: Resources, Community, and
Economic Development Division.
Budget Function: Natural Resources
and Environment: Pollution Control and
Abatement (304.0); General Government:
Executive Direction and Management
(802.0); Financial Management and
Information Systems (998.0).
Organization Concerned:
Environmental Protection Agency;
Environmental Protection Agency:
Region IV, Atlanta, GA; Environmental
Protection Agency: Region X, Seattle,
WA; Environmental Protection Agency:
Office of Solid Waste and Emergency
Response; Environmental Protection
Agency: Office of Administration and
Resources Management; Environmental
Protection Agency: Office of Policy,
Planning, and Evaluation;
Environmental Protection Agency: Office
of the Comptroller.
Congressional Relevance: House
Committee on Government Operations;
House Committee on Energy and
Commerce; House Committee on
Appropriations: HUD-Independent
Agencies Subcommittee; Senate
Committee on Governmental Affairs;
Senate Committee on Appropriations:
HUD-Independent Agencies
Subcommittee; Senate Committee on

« PreviousContinue »