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Social Security Rulings (the SSR) is published under the authority of the Commissioner of Social Security and makes available to the public a series of precedential decisions relating to Federal old-age, survivors, disability, supplemental security income, and black lung benefits programs. All reference to individual or specific businesses involved have been avoided so as not to disclose confidential information, unless already a matter of public record, as in a Federal court decision.

The SSR is based on case decisions, policy statements, decisions of the administrative law judges and the Appeal Council, opinions of the Office of the General Counsel, Commissioner's decisions, Federal court decisions, and other interpretations of the law and regulations. Once published, a ruling is binding on all components of the Social Security Administration in accordance with section 422.408 of Social Security Regulations No. 22 (20 CFR Part 422). Rulings do not have the force and effect of the law or regulations but are to be relied upon as precedents in determinating other cases where the facts are basically the same. A ruling may be superseded, modified or revoked by later legislation, regulations, court decisions, or rulings.

All references to sections of law relate to sections of the Social Security Act, as amended, unless otherwise specified. All references to regulations, unless otherwise specified, are to Social Security Regulations Nos. 1, 4, 10, 16, and 22. These appear in title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations as Parts 401, 404, 410, 416, and 422. The Code, revised annually, is available through the U.S. Government Printing Office at a subscription price of $615 per year. New and amended regulations are first printed in the Federal Register; individual copies may be purchased for $1.50.

Citations of a Social Security ruling may be made by reference to the ruling number and the issue in which it appears. For example, ruling number one for 1980 would be cited as SSR 80-1 (Jan. 1980), or SSR 80-1 (C.E. 1980) if the annual Cumulative Edition has been published. Rulings based on court decisions are identified by a suffix "C" (such as SSR 80-1c), and rulings based on a decision of the Appeals Council of the Office of Hearings and Appeals are identified by the suffix "a" (such as SSR 80-1a).

The SSR is published quarterly-subscription price is $7.50 a year (51.90 additional for foreign mailing); individual copies cost $2.25. An annual Cumulative Edition (formerly entitled the "Cumulative Bulletin") is published at the close of each calendar year reproducing all rulings published throughout the year which have not been superseded.

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This Cumulative Edition combines the SSR's published during 1976-1980 which have not been obsoleted as of December 31, 1982. The cumulatives for the two most recent years are available for sale from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. All other cumulative editions from 1960 on are available to the public free of charge upon request to the Social Security Administration, Office of Regulations, 6401 Security Blvd., Baltimore, Maryland 21235.

Other related printing publications available for sale through the Government Printing Office are:

1. Compilation of the Social Security Laws - a copy of the Social Security Act, as amended, is available in a paper cover edition entitled "'The Social Security Act and Related Laws." It includes parts of the Internal Revenue Code and other laws pertinent to the Social Security Act. Inquiries made to the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, will supply the user of the current edition available and its cost. 2. The Social Security Handbook - the Handbook is intended for the use of people who want a detailed explanation of the various programs administered by the Social Security Administration, how they operate, who is entitled to benefits, and how benefits may be obtained. The seventh edition, reflects the provisions of the Social Security Act as amended through December 31, 1981. Inquiries made to the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, will supply the user with the purchase price.

These publications, including materials now being prepared or planned, when published, may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 A check or money order covering the cost of the publication should accompany the order.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402

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