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Welfare and the Public Health Service. Some of the major amendmnents are listed in table A of the appendix.
Other programs administered by the Department and the Service such as, for example, programs relating to clean air, solid waste disposal, and Indian health services, have been enacted as separate statutes and have been included in this compilation for the reasons already stated.
The Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 (Public Law 845, 80th Congress, 62 Stat. 1155) was replaced by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1956 (Public Law 660, 84th Cong., 70 Stat. 498) which included provisions for comprehensive programs for water pollution control; interstate cooperation; research, investigation, training; grants for water pollution control programs; grants for construction of treatment works; and enforcement measures against pollution of interstate waters. The 1961 amendments (Public Law 87-88, 75 Stat. 204) vested all functions under the act in the Secretary, and among other things expanded the enforcement authority, increased maximum grants for construction of treatment works, and authorized the establishment of field laboratory and research facilities.
The 1965 amendments (Public Law 89-234, 79 Stat. 903) to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act established within the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, a Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, to provide grants for research and development, to increase grants for construction of sewage treatment works, to require establishment of water quality criteria, and for other purposes. Water pollution programs formerly administered through the Public Health Service are now administered through the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration.
The Clean Air Act, approved December 17, 1963 (Public Law 88– 206, 77 Stat. 392) provided for air pollution prevention and control activities of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and for other purposes. (This act replaced the act of July 14, 1955, PubJic Law 159, 84th Cong., and amendments thereto of September 22, 1959, and October 9, 1962.) The 1965 amendments (Public Law 89 272, 79 Stat. 992) to the Clean Air Act require the establishment of standards for controlling the emission of pollutants from certain motor vehicles.
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
The Solid Waste Disposal Act, approved October 20, 1965 (title II of Public Law 89–272, 79 Stat. 997), authorizes a research and development program with respect to solid-waste disposal.
The act of August 5, 1954 (Public Law 568, 83d Cong., 68 Stat. 674), effective July 1, 1955, transferred to the Surgeon General, for administration under the direction of the Secretary, all functions, responsibilities, and authority of the Department of the Interior relating to the conservation of the health of Indians; and provided for the transfer and administration of health facilities. It was amended by the act of July 31, 1959 (Public Law 86-121, 73 Stat. 267), to authorize the Surgeon General to construct, improve, extend, or otherwise provide and maintain essential sanitation facilities for Indians; to arrange for participation wth tribal groups, local authorities, and so forth, in the construction costs and in subsequent operation and maintenance of facilities; and to transfer completed facilities to State or local authorities and Indian tribes, or in the case of domestic facilities, to individual Indians.
The act of August 16, 1957 (Public Law 85–151, 71 Stat. 370), authorized the use, under prescribed conditions of appropriations for the construction of Indian health facilities, to pay part of the cost of construction of community health facilities serving both Indians and non-Indians.
Part F-Scholarship Grants to Schools of Medicine, Oste-
Part II. Legislation not enacted as part on the Public Health Service Act:
C. Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health
Centers Construction Act of 1963 (Public Law 88-164, as
amended by Public Law 89–105):
(a) Project grants for construction of university-affiliated
D. Title XVII of the Social Security Act (Public Law 88–156, as
amended by Public Law 89-97):