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FINANCING OF ELEMENTARY AND

SECONDARY EDUCATION

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H.R. 44, H.R. 128, H.R. 981, H.R. 1491, H.R. 6179,
H.R. 6521, H.R. 7796, H.R. 12367, and

Related Bills
TO INCREASE EDUCATIONAL ORPORTUNITIES. THROUGHOUT
THE NATION BY PROVIDING GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUC-
TION OF ELEMENTARY ANT SECONDARY SCHOet AND SUP-
PLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL CENTERS, AND FOR

PURPOSES

OTHER

or

S.C.,
FEBRUARY 28, 29; MARCH 4. APRIL 18, 19, 26;

MAY 2, 4, AND 11, 1972

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

CARL D. PERKINS, Chairman

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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1972

63 0

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Chairman EDITH GREEN, Oregon

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania

ALPHONZO BELL, California ROMAN C. PUCINSKI, Illinois

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey JOHN R. DELLENBACK, Oregon JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana

MARVIN L. ESCH, Michigan JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

EDWIN D. ESHLEMAN, Pennsylvania AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California WILLIAM A. STEIGER, Wisconsin WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

EARL F. LANDGREBE, Indiana PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii

ORVAL HANSEN, Idaho JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York

EARL B. RUTH, North Carolina LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey PHILLIP BURTON, California

VICTOR V. VEYSEY, California JOSEPH M. GAYDOS, Pennsylvania

JACK F. KEMP, New York WILLIAM “BILL" CLAY, Missouri

PETER A. PEYSER, New York SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York

CLIFFARD D. CARLSON, Illinois MARIO BIAGGI, New York ELLA T. GRASSO, Connecticut LOUISE DAY HICKS, Massachusetts ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky HERMAN BADILLO, New York

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

ROMAN C. PUCINSKI, Illinois, Chairman WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

ALPHONZO BELL, California LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California EARL B. RUTH, North Carolina PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York

VICTOR V. VEYSEY, California MARIO BIAGGI, New York

JACK F. KEMP, New York
LOUISE DAY HICKS, Massachusetts

PETER A. PEYSER, New York
ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky
HERMAN BADILLO, New York
EDITH GREEN, Oregon

(II)

CONTENTS

Page

1
327
395
421
457
481
501
533
573
605

Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

February 28, 1972.

February 29, 1972

March 1, 1972

April 17, 1972

April 18, 1972.

April 19, 1972.

April 26, 1972.

May 2, 1972

May 4, 1972.

May 11, 1972.

Text of:

H.R. 44.

H.R. 128.

H.R. 981.

H.R. 1491.

H.R. 6179.

H.R. 6521.

H.R. 7796.

H.R. 12367.

Statement of -

Berke, Joel S., director, educational finance and governance program,

Policy Institute of the Syracuse University Research Corp. and

guest scholar at the Brookings Institution..

Browning, R. Stephen, staff attorney, Lawyers' Committee for Civil

Rights Under Law.

Carey, Mrs. Sarah C., assistant director, Lawyers' Committee for

Civil Rights Under Law, accompained by panel.-

Dow, Hon. John G., A Representative in Congress from the State of

New York..

Hatter, Terry J., Jr., Western Center on Law and Poverty of Los

Angeles, Calif.'

Haydock, Roger, legal assistant of Ramsey

County, St. Paul, Minn-

Horton, Hon. Frank, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York..

Johns, Roe, project director, national educational finance project,

accompanied by Kern Alexander, associate project director; and

K. Forbis Jordan, finance specialist, national education finance

project, and professor of education administration, University of

Florida..

Karsh, Norman, Executive Director, President's Commission on

School Finance, accompanied by Wendell Pierce---

Kirst, Dr.

Michael, Stanford University,

Laverne, Senator Thomas, chairman of the education committee of

Levin

, Betsy, director of education studies, the Urban Institute, Wash-

ington, D.C.

Levin, Betsy, director of education studies, the Urban Institute, ac-

companied by Dr. Thomas Muller; William Scanlon; and Joel S.

Berke

, director Educational Finance and Governance Program

Policy Institute of the Syracuse University Research Corp----

Mammenga, Senator Gene, member of the education committee,
McLoone, Dr. Eugene, University of Maryland.--

270

481

352

639

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