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Alternative formulatione proposed for IV.2.1

gubpart
line_3
limitation/stabilization
of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gasos/their net emissions of
greenhouse gases

ther. Parties shall also ussist othor Parties in adopting slailar policies and measuros/these parties shall us agreed in IV.2.2 and rv.2.3 of this convention also provide the means to enable the other parties to adopt nocessary measures Ines dovelop country policies and mouturus will/shall une ] stabilizing/stabilizing and subsequently reducing individually or jointly/individually lines emissions of carbon dioxido/the total of all greenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol/emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol

Ing/ot

by the your 2000/by the your 1995/as soon us fousible
qubpart
best available scientific knowledge/proved scientific basis
quoparu
best available scientific knowledge/proved scientific basis
lines
carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases/all greenhouse gasos
inbrer, la
line 2
one or more other partia/developed and developing country Parties
anno
line]
subparus (a (4)/section iv
insert "uitigation and adaptation to climate change' after on
Hine
best available scientific Information/proved scientific basis

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(IV.2.2

SPECIFIC CONTITUENTS ON FINANCIAL RESOURCES)

Developed country Parties (may provide on a voluntary basis]/[shall commit to the fund established under this Convention, through assessed contributions, adequate, now and additional) financial resources, (separate from agreed official Development Assistance (ODA) levels,] to meet the (fulli/lagreed] incremental costs of developing country Parties, paying particular attention to the needs of least developed countries, ito be provided on a grant basis), (required to fulfil the commitments under]/[to take measures provided for in this convention 1.1/li to (cover the adaptation and mitigation costs to developing countries that would be needed as a result of]/[mitigate and adapt to the adverse consequences of climate change, and the direct and indirect social and economic costs to developing countries that may result from the implementation of the Convention. ) (other Parties (and international organizations and other institutions, in a position to do so may (also contributoj/I provide contributions) on a voluntary basis.)

(IV.2.3

(TECIONOLOGY COOPERATION 1/(TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY) |

The Parties shall make every effort to ensure efficient cooperation in and related to technology transfer. (all Partiu, particularly, developed country Parties, shall take all practicable steps to promote the transfer of and to provides (assured) access to (environmentally safe and sound) tochnologies and know-how con concessional, preferential and most favourable terms] to developing country Parties, paying particular attention to the needs of least developed countries, to enhance their ability to implement this Convention. (The Parties shall identify and take appropriati steps to reduce or ellminate unjustifiable barriers to the transfer of technology: 1 (They should ensure that the (lack of) protection of intellectual property rights does not hinder such transfor. I in this process, the essential role of endogenous capacities and technologies in developing countries should be enhanced and supported by the developed country Parties.

(IV.3.4)

lla) Developing country Parties shall (in accordance with the objective and Principles itipulated in Sections 11 and 111, and in accordance with their national development plans, priorities, objectives and specific country conditions] (consider taking cousible]/[undertako) measures to mitigato climate change (through control of (their net] emissions of greenhouse gases (and maintenance and enhancement, where appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs)). (provided that the agreed]/ituill incremental costs involved are .mot by the provision of (new, adequate and additional] financial resources from the developed country Partio.).)

[(b) Compliance with this convention by developing country Parties will be dependent upon the effective implementation of the provisions of this convention on financial resourcos and transfer of technology. I

[blocks in formation]

1. The Partiu shall give full consideration to the specific needs,
including for the transfer of technology and/or funding in accordance with the
provisions of the Convention, of developing country Parties especially

(a) small island countries;
(b) countries with low lying coastal arous;
(c) countries with arid and semi-urid arus and forested areas;
(d) countries with arou prone to natural disasters;
(O) countries with arous liable to drought and desertification and

forost decayo
(1) countries with arus of high urban atmospheric pollution;
(9) countries with areas with fragile ecosystems including mountainous

ecosystems; (h) countries whose economias are highly dependent on income generated.

from the production, processing and export, and/or on consumption

of fossil fuels and associated energy intensive products; and (1) landlocked and transit countrios. 2. The Parties shall take full account of the specific noods and special situations of the least developed countries in their action with regard to funding and transfer of technology. (3. The Parties shall develop and adopt a "groen plan" with appropriate emergency measures and mechanisms for the protection and recovery of fragile ecosystems, particularly urid and semi arid arous affected by drought and desertification in Africa, in order to limit their vulnerability to climate change. )

The Partiu shall, in accordance with Article ...2/ take into consideration, in the implementation of the commitments of the Convention, and in the adoption of concrete measurus, the situation of Partios, particularly developing country Parties, whose economies are highly dependent on the production and/or export of fossil fuels and associated energy intensive products and/or the use of fossil fuels for which such Parties have serious difficulties in switching to alternativos. 5. The Pasdor recognize that in the accoptance and the implementation of the commitme of the convention, a certain degree of flexibility has to be given to con ries with economies in transition, which are in the stage of transit from deatrally planned system to market economy, to enhance their ability to cope with climate change.

2/ Subject to the formulation of institutions and their functions (Conference of the Parties, Implementation Committeo, Disputas Settlement Procedures, etc.) to be drafted by working Group II.

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v. COOPERATION ON SCIENCE, RESEARCH,

INFORMATION AND EDUCATION

v.d. SCIRITIPIC, TECDNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH (AND DEVELOPMENT).

SYSTEUTIC OBSERVATION AND COOPERATION 1. Each Party shall promote and cooperate in scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and other research (and development), systematic observation and development of data archives related to the climate system and alming to further the understanding and to reduce and clarify the remaining uncertainties regarding causes and effects of climate change and regarding the economic and social consequences of alternative response strategies (as elaborated in Annex 1). Option 1

12. Parties that do not have the indigenous capability to undertake research and development will be ensured assistance in these areas. )

Option 2

12. The Parties shall take into account the particular concerns and needs of developing countries and (seek to promote thoj (improve their) capacity and capability (of all parties) to participate in these cooperative of torti. ) Option 3 12. The Parties shall take into account the particular concerns and needs of developing countries.) Option

12. The Parties shall take into account the particular concerns and needs of developing countries and seek to Laprove their capacity and their capability to participate in these cooperative efforts. In doing so, the Parties shali work towards the loprovement of the capability of developing countries to collect and assess climato information, prepare net emission inventories, assess possible impacts of global warming and the cost effective response to it and participate in international research and development programs and in the promotion of the development and transfer of environmentally sate technologies and technical as well as financial assistance. ) 3. The Parties shall support international and intergovernmental efforts to strengthen the observational networks and data collection as well as scientific and technical research capacities particularly in developing countries (for timely exchange of relevant scientific and technological information. Special norsures shall be implemented to promote access to data obtained from aroar beyond national jurisdiction. I 4. The parties shall also seek to minimize duplication of effort in resears. and systematic observation by utilizing, where possible, existing competent international and intergovernmental bodies.

IV.3. BICLUNGE OF INFORMATION In order to achieve the objective of the Convention, the Parties (shall) (may] facilitate and encourage, (taking into account the special circumstances of developing countries, / directly or i, as far as possible, 1 through (existingi competent international and intergovernmental organizations, full is opon) and timely exchange of relevant scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and legal (available) information (as described in Annex II). (The Partio recognize that cooperation under this Annex has to be consistent with national laws, regulations and practices regarding patents, trade secrets and protection of confidential and proprietary information. ) ]

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(V.3. EDUCATION, TRAINING AND PUBLIC AWARENESS

1.

Promotion

In order to increase the understanding of climate change (and the uncertainties surrounding it) and to facilitate appropriate responses, the Parties shall promote education, training and public awareness related to climate change. National 2. At the national (and/or regional] level and in accordance with (national laws and regulations (the means) at their disposal, the Parties shall promote and facilitate: (a) The development and implementation of education and public

awareness programmes on cllmate changes
(b) Public access to Information on cllmate change;
(C) Public participation in addressing climate change issues and

developing appropriate responses; and
(d) Appropriate training of scientific, technical and managerial

personnel. International

At the international lovel, using existing organizations, institutions and channels where appropriate, the Parties shall cooperate in and promote: (a) The development and exchange of educational and public awareness

material on climate change; and
(b) The development and implementation of education and training

programmes, including the exchange or secondmont of personnel, in

particular for developing countries.
(Alternative to paragraph 3(b)
(b) The development and implementation of education and training

programmes should be carried out by:
(1) Providing courses and skills particularly to developing

countries in the developed countries' Institutions in the

short and madium torm;
(11). In the long term, assist developing countries to build such

institutions on their own; and
Exchange or secondment of personnel to train experts in this
field in the developing countries. ]]

3.

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