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1. The Parties shall, in accordance with the objective and Principles 21
stated in the convention, and particularly in accordance with their common but
differentiated responsibilities, taking into account their specific national
and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, commit
themselves to:
(a) Dovelop, periodically update, publish and make available to the

Conference of the Parties national inventories of sources and
sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montrul
Protocol using comparable methodologies agreed upon by the
Conference of the Parties;

(b) Formulate, implement, publish, and regularly update national and

appropriate regional (strategies and programmes containing Inationally determined) measuros (which the concerned Party or Parties consider necessary and economically feasible)

to mitigate climate change (through (controll/loffective limitation) of thoir (notcaissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montrol Protocol)

to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change (subject in the case of developing countries to the provision of

(agreed]/[full] Incremental costs by developed country Parties); (Report on the above paragraph 1€ provided for in Article ... on reporting)

(C)

Promote and cooperate in l, and, as appropriate, adopt (policies
and practices colated toj the development, application, and
diffusion 1, including transfer, ) of (environmentally ufo and
sound, 1 innovative, efficient, state-of-the-art, lower or
non-greenhouse gas emitting technologies, practices and
processo. 1 in all sectori, (particularly energy ((including
conservation, officiency and low carbon sourcesji, transport
industry, agriculture, forestry and waste management), (Bubject to
the provision of funding for developing countries of
(agreed]/[full] Incremental costs) 1. and to the extent that the
phenomena will not affect the economic growth of concerned
Postios):

2/ Pending a final decision by the Committee on the inclusion of a section on Principles.

3/ (Bxplanatory footnoto (to appear in the explanation of the toxt, but not u. the definitions): "lower or non-greenhouse gas technologies, processes and practices includes inter alla conservation, energy efficiency, low carbon fuels (..g. natural gas, nuclear), and renewable energy sources (in addition to sustainable life styles. ]]

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(d)

Promote and cooperate in the conservation, sustainable management and enhancement, as appropriate, of all sinks and reservoirs of lull] greenhouse gases. iThis includes sinks for greenhouse gases other than carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as well as sinks and ruservoirs for greenhouse gasos (in particular carbon dioxide), in all ecosystems, (in particular tirrustrial and marine, with a view to increasing their capacity to act as sinks and reservoirs and promoting their overall health, and I adopt appropriate policies) and take measurus (with the aim to elaborate policies) against the degradation of ecoiystems, including policies and measures to combat drought and desertification (and) against deforestation and forost destruction, and programmes for afforestation and reforestation)), promotion and use of biomass (subject to, in the case of developing country Parties, their national development plans and programmes and the provision of (agreed]/[full] incremental costs involved);

(O)

Cooperate in preparations for adaptation to the impacts of climate change; develop and olaborate appropriate and integrated plans for coustai zone management, water resources and agriculture including emergency proceduros, coastal zone response mechanisms and adaptation strategies in sectors such as land use planning, agriculture and fragile ecosystems and a global observing system; and undertake assessments of the rouillence and adaptability of resources keeping in view the need for poverty eradication in developing countries, taking into account the special situation of least devoloped countries (on the basis of provision to developing countries of (agreed)/(fulij incremental costs involved);

(1)

cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change in order to support drought and desertification affected countries in their efforts to combat these phenomena and their effects;

(9)

(1) Take cllmate change considerations into account, to the

extent possible, in their relevant social, economic and

environmental policies and actions;
(11) Employ appropriate nationally-formulated and determined

methodo, e.g. impact assessments, with a view to minimizing
adverse eflicts of projects or noasurus taken by the Parties
to mitigate or adapt to climate change, on the economy,
public health, and quality of the environment;

(h)

monoto and cooperate in scientific, technological, technical,
Rosio-economic and other research, systematic observation and
development of data archives colated to the climate system and
waing to further the understanding and to reduce and clarify the
remaining uncertainties regarding causes and effects of climate
change and regarding the economic and social consequences of
alternative response strategies, (in accordance with
Article V.2) Vi
Promote and cooperate in the full, open and timely exchange of
relevant scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and

(1)

41 Need to be coordinated with the procedure devised by Working Group II.

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legal information related to the climate system and climate
change, and economic and social consequences of alternative
response strategies, (in accordance with Asticle V.3);

(3)

Promote and cooperate in education, training and public awareness related to climate change and encourage the widest participation in the process, including by non-governmental organizations, (in accordance with Articl. v.4);

1(k)

Dovelop. coordinate and, as appropriate, harmonize, lin order to
avoid distortions to international trade and in accordance with
the GATT), relevant economic and administrative Instruments[:]
1. such as subsidies, taxes and charges, as well as other relevant
instruments, aimed at [limiting]/[ controlling) not emissions of
greenhouse gases; )

111) Within their respective territorios, identify le (exuainel and

(phase out]/lastimately the effects of (government) policies and practices which ! protect, subsidize or otherwise) encourage activities that lead to greater levels of emissions of greenhouse gases than (necessaryl/l would otherwise occur).]

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(IV.2.1 stabilisation and Reduction of fissions and Embascuent

of Siaks and Reservoirs)

(a) The developed country Parties (as defined in ...., shall adopt national 3/ policies and take corresponding measurus on (mitigation of climate chango]/[the Iloitation of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and the protection and enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs). (These Parties shall also assist other partius in adopting similar policies and measuru.) [These developed country policies and measurus will [have the effect of]/[be aimed at), us i first stopi stabilizing individually ior jointly) emissions of carbon dioxide]/[the total of all groenhouse gases not covered by the Montrui Protocol 3/1 iin general by the year 2000)/150 soon as fusible) at (or nour) 1990 levolli (taking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of these parties). (Alternative to subpari. (a))

The developed country Parties shall stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide and othér greenhouse gases by 1995 at 1990 levels and thereafter progressively reduce emissions in pursuance of the objective of the Convention. (Purthor alternative to subparı. (a)).

The developed country Parties, as defined in ... , shall adopt national policies and take corresponding measures on the limitation of their not anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. These Parties shall, as agreed in Sections IV.2.2 and IV.2.3 of this convention, also provide the means to enable the other parties to adopt necessary measures. These developed country policies and measures shall be iinod at, as a first stop, stabilizing individually their not waissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases not covered by the Montrul Protocol by the year 2000, at the 1990 level, taking into account the differences in their starting points and approaches and the need for equitable contributions of these parties.

1(b) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the conference of the Partia, (any purty which has demonstrated that the (not capacity of greenhouse gai sinks) (within its territory! has increased due to specific maapurus takes by It'sinca (19901 may include a credit equal to thii increase when calculating its mission level. Il

(16) In accordance with procedures and criteria based on the best available scientific knowledge and agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference o!

3/ This term would also cover policies adopted by regional economic integration organizations.

6/ The relationship to the Montrol Protocol, in particular its reduction schedules, needs to be further clarified.

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the parties, Parties may implement their ! quantitative) commitments under para. (a) in a comprehensive manner that integrates (carbon dioxide and other) greenhouse gases not covered by the Montreal Protocol 3/ .)

!(d) Parties undertaking a quantitative commitments under para. (a) may implement these commitments in cooperation with each other, (provided that the criteria for cooperative arrangements (involving Parties falling under Section IV.3.5) are agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Parties 1/!. The terms of such cooperative arrangements shall be notified to the Conference of the Parties by each of the parties concerned and described in detail in the report of these Parties in pursuance of Article VII., (The Parties may also lmplement measures to achieve a quantitative) commitments in cooperation with one or more other parties, subject to criteria to be agreed to and regularly reviewed by the Conference of the Parties. ll.

(() The Conference of the Parties shall (as early as possible and ) not later than four years after the entry into force of the convention roviow the adequacy and operation of subparas (a) • (d), with a view to taking appropriate decisions on (roductions of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and the enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks and reservoirs 3/, and such changes in the list of Parties to which specific commitments apply, that may be appropriate) in the light of new developments.. Such review shall be carried out in the light of the best available scientific information and assessment on climate change and its impacts as well as rolovant technical, social and economic information. Such review shall thereafter take place at regular intervals, determined by the Conference of the parties, until the objective of this convention is not.) (Alternative to subpark. (.))

( Each developed country Party commits itself to progressively reduce its (net) anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, aftor 2000 A.D. They shall announce time-bound targets for such reduction n.co later than four years after the entry into force of this convention. )

I! The possibility of such cooperative arrangements has not been discussed with those parties. The language of the second part of the sentence is therefore proliminary and will have to be considered further. g/ The appropriate manner of obtaining the approval of Parties for such decision, whether by protocol or some other legal instrument, will have to be roviewed by legal experts.

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