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1. DBPIXITIONS

(1. First set)

*Adverse effects of clinto change" means changes in the physical environment or biota resulting from climate change, which have significant deleterious effects on the composition, resilience and productivity of natural and managed ecosystems or on the operations of socio-economic systems or on human health and welfar..

{"afforestation' means forest stands established (artificially! con land which previously did not carry forest.)]

“cliuto change" means a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural cllmato variability observed over comparable time periods.

cliuto systa" means the totality of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, Including cryosphere, oceans and all sous, biosphere and geosphere and their interactions.

!"Deforestation means change of land use or depletion of crown cover to iuss than 100. )

"Bissions' means the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere lover a specified aru and period of time. )

("Porust" means an ecological system with a minimum of 108 crown cover
of trees and/or bamboos, generally associated with wild flora, fauna,
and natural soil conditions, and not subject to agricultural practices. )

("Porust" means an ecological system in which biomass predominates, associated with wild flora, fauna and natural soil conditions, and not subject to seasonal cropping practicos).

1 "Porust degradation means changes within the forest class which
negatively affect the stand or site and, in particular, lower the
production capacity).

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1/ "Orvoabouse gases" means those gaseous constituents of the
atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorb and re-emit
infrared radiation, (excluding gases already controlled by other
conventions).

-xot eissions' means the difference between the amount of a greenhouse
gas released to and the amount removed from the atmosphere by all
sources and all sinks, respectively, as created or modified by
anthropogenic activities, taken over a specified area and period of
time, as calculated by agreed criteria.

( *Net suissions" means increase in the cumulative atmospheric
concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from anthropogenic
activity, depending on the size of the incrise in concentration of each
greenhouse gas, the radiative property of the gas involved, the length
of time the gas is likely to remain in the atmosphere and the
concentration of greenhouse gases already present in the atmosphore,
calculated by determining thois sources and mechanisms for their
eventual removal from the atmosphere (their man made and natural sinks
on a global scale)].
1/ "Precursors' means gases which react cheaically in the atmosphere to
produce greenhouse gases or which affect the lifetime of greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere.

("Reforestation' means the establishment of forust stands (artificially) on land which carried forest within the previous 50 (100) yours for within living memory and involving the replacement of the provious crop by i new and ussentially different crop.ji

"Renewable energy" means energy derived from the harnessing of active natural energy flows such as solar, wind, hydrological, biomass, wave and tidal action and ocean thermal energy conversion.

"Reservoir" means a storage medium for greenhouse gases.

"Slak" means any process or activity which contributor to the removal of a greenhouse gas or the precursor of a greenhouse gas from the atmosphere.

(oslakó sens e mechanism, natural or man-made, for the removal of
greenhorn gases and aerosol. from the atmosphero).

1/ The drafting group notes that the term "greenhouse gases" is used in some places in the convention to moan greenhouse gases" only and at other places to mean "greenhouse gases and their procursori”. From the point of view of drafting, the group recommends that ene terms "greenhouse gases" and *precursors” should be defined in Article 1 as proposed above and that the convention should use the expressions "greenhouse gases" and "greenhouse gase. and their precursors" as necessary throughout the text.

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*sourco" means any process or activity which releases for contributes to the roles. ofl a greenhouse gas or a precursor of a greenhouse gas to the atmosphere.

(II. second set)
"Regional econonic integration organisation" means an organization
constituted by sovereign status of a given region which has competence
in respect of matters governed by this convention or its protocols and
has been duly authorized, in accordance with its intornal procedures, to
sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the instruments concerned. )

Noto:

1.

Two additional items were introduced in working Group II for inclusion
in the list of definitions: "aerosols" and "cliaring house'.
IPCC will be asked to comment on the list of proposed definitions before
the next session.

2.

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111. PRINCIPLES

1. The right to development is an inalienable human right. All peoples have an equal right in matters rolating to reasonable living standardi. Economic development is the prerequisite for adopting measures to address climate change. The net emissions of developing countries must grow to meet their social and economic development needs.

2. All Stato have a duty to alo at sustainable development for the benefit of prosent and future generations. Protection of the global climate against human induced change should proceed in an integrated manner with economic development in the light of the specific conditions of ach country. I(without prejudice to the socio-economic development of developing countriesj. Measures to guard against man-made climate change should be integrated into all rolovant national development programmes (taking into account that levolving! environmental standardoi valid for developed countries may have inappropriate and unwarranted social and economic coit, in particular in developing countries (and countries with economies in transition)).

13. All status have an obligation to protect the Igloball climate system for the benefit of prosent and future generation of humankind on the basis of (intergenerational as well as intragenerational) equity, and in accordance with (their)//developed and developing countries, common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities with a view to achieving convergence at a common per capita lovolj and taking fully into account that the largest part of emisiions of greenhouse gases has been originating from developed countries (and those countries have the main responsibility) (and should take the lead) in combating climate change and the adverse consequencos thereot.)

14. The Parties shall give full consideration to the specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse consequences of cllmate change and also those developing countries which would have to beus i disproportionate or abnormal burden under the Convention. I

5.

(Recognizing the need for) Parties to (the Convention shalll take (costeffectivel precautionary measures to anticipate le provent, attack) or minimize the causes of, and mitigate the adverse consequences of, climate change. (Where there are thruti of serious or irreversible damage, ! lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a rouson for postponing such measuros.

6. Stato. Sul promote an open and balanced multllateral trading system. Bxcept on thesii of decision by the Conference of the Parties which should be consistent with the GATT, no country or group of countries shall introduce barriers to trade on the basis of claims rolated to climate change.

7. Measurus takon to combat climate change should not introduce trade distortions inconsistent with the GATT or hinder the promotion of an open and multilateral trading system.

18. Those (developed y countries (Identified asj lidirectly) responsible for causing damage to the environment through inducing climate change 1/(which are

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mainly responsible for missions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere ) should bear the responsibility for rectifying that damage 1. (By openly demonstrating their direct responsibility or negligence, those countries)/(and) shall compensate for environmental damage suffered by other countries or individuals in other countries).)

19. cllmate policies should be cost-effective to ensure global benefits at lowest possible costs. To achieve this, climate policies should be comprehensive, include all relevant sources and sinks of greenhouse gases, comprise all economic sectors, (include both limitation and adaptation monjuros) and may be implemented in cooperation with other parties. )

10. In all fields related to the protection of the climate system, the Parties shall respect and act in accordance with the principle of sovereignty of States, which is applicable in any art of international cooperation.

11. The need to improve the international economic environment for the developing countries and to promote their sustained economic development are prerequisites for enabling developing countries to participate offectively in the international efforts to protoct the global environment including climate protection. )

(III. овести

The ultimate objective of the Convention and any related legal instruments that might be agreed upon is to achieve, in accordance with the Principles set out in the above Articla, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level which would provent dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. Such a level should be reached within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to permit economic activity to develop in a suitainable and environmentally sound manner.

(The anthropogenic emissions of (all) greenhouse gasus, particularly carbon dioxide, from states should converge at a common per capita level, taking into account net (carbon]/[greenhouse gas component) emissions during this century as well as the development needs of developing countries. ]]

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