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" Source: Sunday Times 30 April 2000 THE BLACK ECONOMY The black economy involves the paid production and sale of goods and services that are unregistered by or hidden from the state for tax, social security and/or labour-law purposes but which are legal... "
The Hidden Enterprise Culture: Entrepreneurship in the Underground Economy - Page 4
by Colin C. Williams - 2008 - 288 pages
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Informal Employment in the Advanced Economies: Implications for Work and Welfare

Colin C. Williams, Janice Windebank - 1998 - 235 pages
...this phenomenon. Although there is some consensus that informal employment can be defined as the paid production and sale of goods and services that are...or hidden from the state for tax, social security and labour law purposes, as shown in chapter 1 , there are inherent problems with many of the techniques...
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Community Economic Development

Graham Haughton - 1999 - 278 pages
...types of informal activity: 'paid informal exchange' which is the paid (either in money or in-kind) production and sale of goods and services that are...or hidden from the state for tax, social security or labour law purposes, but which are legal in all other respects; 'self-provisioning', which is unpaid...
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Handbook of Urban Studies

Ronan Paddison - 2001 - 520 pages
...define what we mean here by urban informal employment. In this chapter. we are discussing the paid production and sale of goods and services that are...or hidden from. the state for tax. social security or labour law purposes. but which are legal in all other respects. As such. unpaid informal work is...
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A Commodified World: Mapping the Limits of Capitalism

Colin C. Williams - 2005 - 324 pages
...employment', the 'underground sector', the 'hidden economy' or 'paid informal work', involves the paid production and sale of goods and services that are...tax, social security and/or labour law purposes but that are legal in all other respects (European Commission, 1998; Feige, 1990; Fortes, 1994; Thomas,...
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Poverty in the United States: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics ..., Volume 1

Gwendolyn Mink, Alice O'Connor - 2004 - 895 pages
...from taxation, labor law, official safety regulations, and the like. This includes paid work involving the production and sale of goods and services that are unregistered by or hidden from the government in order to avoid taxes, Social Security costs, or labor laws but that are legal in all...
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Urban Geography: A Global Perspective

Michael Pacione - 2005 - 742 pages
...you do it.' Source: Sunday Times 30 April 2000 THE BLACK ECONOMY The black economy involves the paid production and sale of goods and services that are...hidden from the state for tax, social security and/or labour-law purposes but which are legal in all other aspects. Contrary to the marginality thesis that...
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Jobs and Economic Development in Minority Communities

Paul M. Ong, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris - 2006 - 328 pages
...1998) — is paid work that takes place beyond the realm of formal employment. It involves the paid production and sale of goods and services that are...hidden from, the state for tax, social security, and/or labor law purposes, but which are legal in all other respects (Williams and Windebank 2000; Feige 1990;...
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