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retired list of the Army may upon their own application be detailed to such duty and when so detailed shall receive the full pay of their rank; and the maximum number of officers of the Army and Navy to be detailed at any one time under the provisions of the act approved January thirteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-one, amending section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes as amended by an act approved September twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and eightyeight, is hereby increased to one hundred and ten.
Approved, November 3, 1893.
Extract from the act of Congress approved March 3, 1909.
That the act approved November third, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, authorizing the detail of officers of the Army and Navy to educational institutions, be amended so as to provide that retired officers, when so detailed, shall receive the full pay and allowances of their rank, except that the limitations on the pay of officers of the Army above the grade of major as provided in the acts of March second, nineteen hundred and five, and June twelfth, nineteen hundred and six, shall remain in force."
Extract from the act of Congress approved April 21, 1904.
SEC. 1. *
That section twelve hundred and twentyfire, of the Revised Statutes, concerning the detail of officers of the Army and Nary to educational institutions, be, and the game is hereby, amended so as to permit the President to detail under the provisions of that act, and in addition to the detail of the officers of the Army and Navy now authorized to be detailed under the existing provisions of said act, such retired officers and noncommissioned officers of the Army and Navy of the United States as in his judgment may be required for that purpose to act as instructors in military drill and tactics in schools in the United States and Territories where such instructions shall have been authorized by the educational authorities thereof, and where the services of such instructors shall have been applied for by said authorities.
SEC. 2. That no detail shall be made under this act to any school unless it shall pay the cost of commutation of quarters of the retired officers or noncommissioned officers detailed thereto and the extra-duty pay to which they may be entitled by law to receive for the performance of special duty: Prorided, That no detail shall be made under the provisions of this act unless the officers and noncommissioned officers to be detailed are willing to accept such position : Provided further, That they shall receive no compensation from the Government other than their retired pay.
Sec. 3. That the Secretary of War is auíhorized to issue at his discretion, and under proper regulations to be prescribed by him, out of ordnance and ordnance stores belonging to the
Government, and which can be spared for that purpose, upon the approval of the governors of the respective States and Territories, such number of the same as may be required for military instruction and practice by such schoo!, and the Secretary shall require a bond in each case, for double the value of the property, for the care and safe-keeping thereof and for the return of the same when required.
Approved, April 21, 1904.
APPORTIONMENT OF DETAILS.
2. The details authorized by the act approved April 21, 1904, are in addition to the number allowed by section 1225, Revised Statutes, as amended by the act approved November 3, 1893, and may be made to educational institutions in any State or Territory without reference to population or to the number of officers already serving therein.
The following apportionment, in accordance with section 1225, Revised Statutes, as amended by the act approved November 3, 1893, is adopted, and details will be made in accordance therewith:
Apportionment of details of 100 officers of the Army at uni
versities, colleges, academies, etc., based upon the number of States and the population of the States and Territories as determined by the census of 1910.
Apportionment of details of 100 officers of the Army at uni
versities, colleges, academies, etc.-Continued.
3. The following regulations in regard to the detail of officers of the Army at educational institutions within the United States and its Territories are prescribed by the President under the foregoing laws:
4. Institutions to which officers of the Army are detailed under the provisions of section 1225, Revised Statutes of the United States, and of the acts of Congress amendatory thereof, will be divided into classes as follows:
Class M C.-Colleges and universities (including land-graint institutions) where the curriculum is sufficiently advanced to carry with it a degree, where the students are habitually in uniform, where the average age of the students on graduation is not less than 21 years, where military discipline is constantly maintained, and where one of the leading objects is the development of the student by means of military drill and by regulating his daily conduct according to the principles of military discipline.
Class M.-Essentially military institutions where the curriculum is not sufficiently advanced to carry with it a degree, or where the average age of the students on graduation is less than 21 years.
Class 0.-Colleges and universities (including land-grant institutions) not essentially military, where the curriculum is sufficiently advanced to carry with a degree, and where the average age of the students on graduation is not less than 21 years.
Class S M.-Institutions not included in any of the classes mentioned above.
5. The War Department will classify all institutions and make necessary changes of classification upon receipt of the reports of the annual inspections.
6. The institutions of Classes MC and C, not exceeding 10 in any year, whose students have exhibited the greatest degree of military training as compared with others of their class, and whose graduates of that year are, by reason of discipline, education, and military training, best qualified for commissions in the Army, will be designated, in addition to above classification, as Distinguished colleges,” and the year or years in which distinguished will be added.
The institutions of Class M, not exceeding 10 of the whole number in that class, whose students display the greatest degree of military training and instruction, will be designated
Honor schools," and the year or years in which so degignated will be added.
THE DETAIL OF OFFICERS AND NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.
7. When the detail of an officer of the Army as professor of military science and tactics is desired, application should be made by the president or other chief administrative officer of the institution to The Adjutant General of the Army.
8. The application, when no detail has been previously made to the institution, must be accompanied by the last printed catalogue and a certificate as to the number of male students the institution has the capacity in buildings, apparatus, and instructors to educate at one and the same time; the number of such students in actual attendance at the time of application, or, if the application is made during vacation, the number actually in attendance during the session immediately preceding it, and the number over 15 years of age. The certificate must also show the grade of the institution, the degrees it confers, and whether or not it is a land-grant institution, established under the provisions of the act of Congress approved July 2, 1862.
9. When application is made for the detail of an officer of the Army at an institution to which an officer has not previously been assigned, it will be visited at the time of the annual inspection of civil educational institutions having detailed officers by one of the officers detailed for such inspection, who will report to the War Department whether or not the institution fulfills the requirements of the law and
ons governing such details and will recommend specifically whether the detail should be made.
10. Application for the first detail, or for the renewal of a detail, may include a recommendation for such officer or offcers as may be deemed suitable by the college authorities. When the officers named are not available for the duty, or when such recommendations are not made, selection will be made by the War Department from those available officers who may have been recommended for such duty by their military superiors.
11. Applications for the detail of retired noncommissioned officers should be addressed by the president of the institution to The Adjutant General of the Army, accompanied by a certificate to the effect that the noncommissioned officer will be furnished with quarters, or commutation therefor, and extra