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dredging is much greater than originally estimated, and to the cost of surveys necessary for iuvestigation of the changes in progress and the probable permanency of the projected work.
The total amount appropriated in furtherance of this improvement is $60,000.
The total amount expended to June 30, 1884, is $2,855 92.
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, 170,445 cubic yards (SCOW measurement) were removed by dredging, resulting in the excavation of a lower channel 200 feet wide and 3,610 feet long, and of an upper channel 100 feet wide and 6,450 feet long to a depth of 10 feet each at mean low water.
Two close surveys of the dredged area were made, one after comple. tion of dredging and another this spring, for the purpose of investigating the changes in progress.
The balance available for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1886, is $9,790.94. The sum of $25,000, in addition to the balance now on baud, can be expended to advantage during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1887, in continuing the improvement by dredging under the existing project. July 1, 1884, amount available
$57, 144 08 July 1, 1835, amount expended during tiscal year, exclusive of outstanding liabilities July 1, 1884
47,353 14 July 1, 1885, amount available......
9,790 94 Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing projeet.. 97,000 00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1857 25, 000 00 Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867. (See Appendix B 7.)
8. Malden Rirer, Massachusetts. The present project was adopted in 1882, its object being to straighten, widen, and deepen the natural channel by dredging from its mouth up to the second draw-bridge, at a cost, as originally estimated, of $40,000. Previous to improvement the natural channel was crooked and narrow, and bad barely 7 feet of water, which the adopted project would improve to 12 feet at mean high water.
In addition to the amount originally estimated, at least $7,000 will be required to complete the work at present rates. By act of Congress of August 2, 1882, $10,000 was appropriated.
The total amount expended io June 30, 1884, is $10,000.
No work was done during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885. The channel has been improved from its mouth to the draw-bridge at Malden, a distance of 11 miles. Its least width is now 50 feet, with 70 feet at turus, with 12 feet depth at mean high water. Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project
$37,000 00 Amount that can be protitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1837.. 37,000 00
Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and
9. Harbor of Refuge at Cape Ann, Massachusetts.—This bay is situated at the northeastern extremity of Cape Am, Massachusetts. The projected improvement contemplates the construction of a great breakwater for the foundatiou of a “national harbor of refuge of the first class."
No project for this improvement has yet been adopted. The estimated cost, determined on the basis of a preliminary project, is $4,000,000. The Board of Engineers constituted July 28, 1881, under the provisions of the act of July 5, 1884, places the estimate at not less than $5,000,000, in view of the probable insufficiency and irregularity of the appropria tions, and adds to this a further expenditure of not less than $2,500,000, for buoyage, lighting, and defense.
In tbe river and harbor act of July 5, 1884, the sum of $100,000 was appropriated for this work, with the proviso
That a Board of three engineers, to be appointed by the Secretary of War, shall decide that this point is the best location on the coast between Boston and Portland for such a harbor that shall serve all the uses for which it may be needed.
No expenditures were made prior to June 30, 1884.
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1855, investigations have been made and information collected concerning this and neighboring har. bors, under the instructions of the Board of Engineers, and a project for the construction of a "pier on Avery's Ledge, the said pier to form the beginning of a breakwater at Sandy Bay, should additional appropriations be made by Congress for continuing its progress in the future,"
0" has been prepared and submitted to the Department by the officer in charge, and is now under consideration, together with the proper application of the money available. Amount appropriated by act approved July 5, 1884.....
-$100, 000 00 July 1, 185.), amount expended during fiscal year, exclusive of outstanding liabilities July 1, 1884.....
4,340 03 July 1, 1885, amount available...
95, 659 97 (See Appendix B 9.)
EXAMINATIONS AND SURVEYS FOR IMPROVEMENT TO COMPLY WITH REQUIREMENTS OF THE RIVER AND HARBOR ACT OF JULY 5, 1884.
The following localities were examined by the local engineer in charge and not recommended for improvement:
1. Harbor at Marblehead, Massachusetts, for repair of sea-wall. (See Appendix B 10.)
2. Harbor at Salem, Massachusetts, with a view to building a jetty runring out from the mainland to deep water. (See Appendix B 11.)
3. A channel from Goose Point, in Plymouth Harbor, Massachusetts, to the wharf of the Cordage Company. (See Appendix B 12.)
Reports on the above were transmitted to Congress and printed in House Ex. Doc. No. 71, Forty-eighth Congress, second session.
And it appearing, after preliminary examination by the local engiDeer, that the localities were worthy of improvement by the General Government, Major Raymond was charged with and completed the following, the results of which were transmitted to Congress and printed as executive documents of the Forty-eighth Congress, second session:
1. Harbor at Gloucester, Massachusetts, with a view to the removal of rock obstructions. Printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 169. (See also Appendix B 13.)
2. Fort Point Channel, Massachusetts. Printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 206. (See also Appendix B 14.)
3. Pauou River, Massachusetts. Printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 179. See also Appendix B 15.)
4. Harbor at Hingham, Massachusetts. Printed as House Ex. Doc. No. 137. (See also Appendix B 16.)
IMPROVEMENT OF HARBORS AND RIVERS ON THE SOUTHERN COAS OF MASSACHUSETTS AND IN RHODE ISLAND AND CONNECTICUT.
Officer in charge, Lieut. Col. George H. Elliot, Corps of Engineers. 1. Harbor of Refuge at Hyannis, Massachusetts.-This harbor, on th northern shore of Nantucket Sound, is sheltered by a breakwater 1,17 feet long, constructed by means of several small appropriations, whic were made from time to time in the years 1827 to 1838, amounting t $70,904.82. It was not as strongly built as we would now build a breal water in a locality of like exposure, and from 1852 to 1882 the sum $52,452.76 was expended in increasing the width of its base and th size of its facing-stones and in repairs. It is now in fair condition an affords effective shelter for the anchorage of about 175 acres, but th depth of water inside is insufficient, and complaint is made that vesse drawing more than 15 feet have to remain outside the breakwater in a exposed position. The anchorage undoubtedly needs deepening to me the requirements of the great amount of commerce which passes throug Nantucket Sound.
This is the only harbor for refuge between Cape Monomoy and Wood Holl, a distance of 33 miles. A branch of the Old Colony Railroad te minates here, and considerable quantities of coal and lumber are lande at Hyannis.
July 1, 1884, amount available
July 1, 18-5, amount expended during fiscal year, exclusive of outstanding liabilities July 1, 1884. .
July 1, 1885, amount available................
(See Appendix C 1.)
2. Harbor of Refuge at Nantucket, Massachusetts.-Nantucket Harb is on the north side of the island of Nantucket. It has deep water i side, and would form an excellent harbor of refuge for vessels plyi between the South and all Atlantic ports north of Cape Cod were not for the shoal bar which obstructs its entrance. In the distance tween the harbors of Martha's Vineyard (Vineyard Haven and Edg: town) and Provincetown, about 100 miles, the only harbor for refuge present is the small harbor of Hyannis, on the north shore of Nantuck Sound.
Before the commencement of the present works there was a sho 14 miles in width outside the entrance, through which shoal the cha nel or line of best water was very crooked and subject to changes location.
The ruling deptb in the channel was about 6 feet at mean low wat and it has been about the same as far back as we have any record of The present approved project is to construct jetties of riprap sto projecting from either side of the present entrance to the harbor, the purpose of concentrating the strength of the tidal currents and cavating a deep channel by scour, and, at the places where the f depth required will not be reached by this means, to complete the w by dredging.
The amount expended during the last fiscal year, including liabilit outstanding June 30, 1885, was $12,030.14. The western jetty wasi tended 440 feet, making a total distance of 3,955 feet from the shore,
A project was submitted by the engineer officer in charge for commencement, with the amount appropriated by the act of July 1884, of the construction of the eastern jetty, which was referred
the Board of Engineers for Fortifications and for River and Harbor Improvements, and the eastern jetty will be commenced on the location decided upon, and will be carried as far during the current fiscal year as the funds will perunit.
The appropriation will be entirely exhausted before June 30, 1886.
The work required to be done to complete the existing project is the construction of the eastern jetty, the conipletion of the western jetty, and the excavation, by drerlying, of so much of the channel as is not excavated by tidal scour. Joly 1, 1884, amount available....
$11,818 89 Amount appropriated by act approved July 5, 1834.
10, 000 00
July 1, 1885, amount expended durirg fiscal year, exclusive of
outstanding liabilities July 1, 1881. Jnly 1, 1855, ontstanding liabilities..
$11, 907 1
12, 030 14
July 1, 1885, amount available
Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal yearending June 30, 18 7 100,000 00 Submitteil in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1806 and 1867. (See Appendix C 2.) 3. Wood's Holl and Harbor of Refuge at Wood's Holl, Massachusetts.Before the commencement of the improvement, the channel of this strait, which was obstructed by bowlders that covered the bottom, was very narrow and crooked, aud the tidal currents were from 4 to 5 miles an bour. Even with steam, only small vessels of about 8 tons draught could pass it at all times, and for them it was dangerous. In Little Harbor there was a bar which obstructed the approach to the wharf of the United States Light-House establishment, and on which there was but it feet at mean low water, or 54 feet at extreme low water.
In 1853 and 1854 $2,482.76 was expended in the construction of a breakwater on the northern side of Great Harbor to close a passage through which water passed in storms between it and Buzzard's Bay. The amount was insufficient for the work, and the remainder of the cost was borne by private parties. In the years 1879 to 1881 there was expended $14,094.26 in cutting a channel through the bar into Little Harbor 130 feet wide and 10 feet deep at mean low water, and in widening and deepening the strait into Buzzard's Bay.
The present approved project consists in the construction of retainingwalls, a bollow pier and wharves for the use of the United States Fish Commission, and to serve also as a coaling station for the Revenne Marine and other branches of the public service, and as a harbor of refuge.
No appropriation baving been made at the last session of Congress the work is suspended.
The amount expended on this project at the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1884, including liabilities outstanding at that date, was $36,817.82, and the result was the completion of all the retaining walls and the excavations of the trenches for the pier-walls. The riprap foundation of the east pier-wall had been wholly, and that of the south pier-wall nearly, completed. Abont one-fourth of the masonry of the east pier-wall had been completed apıl the masonry of the soutlı pier. wall bad been commenced.
The amount expended during the last fiscal year, including liabilities outstanding June 30, 1885, was $11,023.92. The masonry walls of the
pier basin were completed. The interior of the pier-basin and the berths for public vessels at the wharves were dredged to the required depths. and the coal, the west, and the cross wharves were essentially completed. The cost of the dredging required for foundations and to provide berths for vessels at the wharves exceeded what was anticipated, and for this reason the wharfing necessary for the public vessels has not been fully completed. There yet remains to be constructed the south and east wharves.
In addition to the above there should be removed a large rock (esti mated at 22 tons) from the strait of Wood's Holl, which is extremely dangerous to the steamers which in summer especially carry immense numbers of passengers daily to and from Nantucket and Martha's Vine yard. The channel is very narrow and the tidal currents are very rapi and irregular, and in foggy and thick weather there is always dange of an accident, which may involve great loss of life. The cost of re moval of the rock will not exceed $500.
July 1, 1884, amount available.....
Amount appropriated by act approved July 5, 1884.
July 1, 1885, amount expended during fiscal year, exclusive of
Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project....
Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1887 14,500 0 Submitted in compliance with requirements of section 2 of river and harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.
(See Appendix C 3.)
4. Wareham Harbor, Massachusetts.-This harbor is an estuary at th head of Buzzard's Bay. Its commerce is chiefly connected with th manufacture of iron, and depends largely on the transportation of m terial used therein.
Before improvement the ruling depth in the harbor was about 7 fe at mean low water in a narrow and very crooked channel. Long Beac a narrow sand-spit at the mouth of the harbor, was washed and abrade by the waves and currents at high water, and the material was carrie into and shoaled the channel inside.
The original and adopted project of 1871 for the improvement, an its subsequent modification, was to straighten the channel and widen to 100 feet in the upper and 300 feet in the lower part. The depth the upper part was to be 9 feet, and in the lower part 10 feet at mea low water.
Work under this project was finished in 1876 by the completion of channel from 250 to 300 feet wide and 10 feet deep at mean low wat in the lower part of the harbor, and a channel from 100 to 300 feet wi and 9 feet deep through and above the upper bar.
The cost including the cost of some work at Long Beach, was $40,00 The present enlarged plan, the one now in progress, provides for ma ing a channel 250 feet wide and 10 feet deep at mean low water fro Barney's Point down to the entrance to the harbor. Above Barney Point the width of the channel is to be 350 feet, with the same depth