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department, including Course 17. (Alternate with Course 20.) Three hours, second semester. Professor M. R. Smith.

19. Criminology. The anthropology of the criminal, and the causes and conditions of crime. Lectures and assigned reading. Open to students who have had nine hours' work in the department. (Alternate with Course 17.) Three hours, first semester. Professor M. R. Smith.

30. Penology. Supplementary to Course 19. Methods of treating criminals; police, police stations and courts, county jails, state prisons, penitentiaries, and reformatories. Lectures, reading, visitation and study of penal institutions. Open to students who have had twelve hours in the department, including Course 19. (Alternate with Course 18.) Three hours, second semester. Professor M. R. Smith. Social legislation.

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.

HISTORY AND ECONOMICS.

DR. Hoose.

Point of view of the courses in history: History is an account of ideas and insti. tutions in movement, rather than an account of personalities and events. Ideas are thoughtful experience embodied in definitions or in documents; they change in form and content as experience varies under different conditions. Personalities are the agents who exploit ideas. Events are reactions among ideas and personalities. Institutions are ideas formulated in practice to serve the purposes of human being. Civilization is the sum total of ideas and institutions which exist at any given period of time upon any given portion of the earth — i. e., civilization is the evolution of ideas and institutions.

Point of view of the course in economics: The science of economics inquires into the sources and nature of wealth, and the relations which it sustains to individual, social, civil, and national well-being. This science investigates the principles and laws that are evolved by industrial, commercial, and social conditions. Political economy discusses the inventions and forms which human energies put forth to subordinate and utilize the forces of nature in order that they may see the needs, comforts, and luxuries of society.

VI. Seminary of political and social science. (Round table.) This course purposes to discuss special problems that measure civil, political, and sociological conditions - problems which arise out of movements and reactions among the elements of civilization. Elective for those college students who are prepared to enter upon the course. One hour, throughout the year. COLORADO

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO.
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION.

PROFESSOR DR. CHARLES E. CHADSEY, 16. Evolution of society. One semester, two hours. Application of theory of evolution to society. A study of the conditions that have made modern institutions possible. The causal idea in history. The family. Primitive law. Evolution of political institutions.

DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY.

PROFESSOR DR. James M. Wilson. 7, 8. Applied ethics. One year, one hour, Discussions and supplementary lectures. Two courses given in alternate year.

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I. Kidd, Social Evolution; Lecky, History of European Morals; Warner, American Charities.

II. Wright, Practical Sociology; Hoffmann, American Negro; Wine, Punishment and Reformation.

The problems of social morality, charities, criminology, good citizenship, socialism, etc.

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE. Outlines of sociology. One semester, three hours. Lectures, reading, discussion. The course aims to present a brief outline of sociological thought; a discussion of the elements of association underlying social relations and institutions; the results of race, group, and individual competition; the conditions of progress; some of the chief problems of sociology- population, degeneration, pauperism, dependent classes, crime, immigration, divorce, great cities, education. Elective, senior year.

COLORADO COLLEGE.

DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY.

PRESIDENT SLOCUM.
Ethical seminary, one hour. (a) Modern social and sociological problems.

Seminary in social ethics. The labor question, temperance, pauperism, and other social problems considered from the ethical standpoint. Second half-year, one hour.

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS.

PROFESSOR URDAHL.
B. Charities and crime. The theory and history of charity and reformatory work.
Students are encouraged to study the charitable and correctional institutions in the
vicinity of their own homes. If possible, additional lectures by men who have devoted
special attention to some phase of these subjects. (Warner, American Charities.)

D. Socialism.
E. Economic colonial policy.

UNIVERSITY OF DENVER.

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY.

B. Psychology in relation to sociology, ethics, and the sciences. This course treats instinct, impulse, pain and pleasure, and the social mind as factors in social and ethical development; also the biological foundation of psychology. Thirty-six hours.

ILIFF SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY.
(1900) Church polity and sociology. Forty-eight hours.

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PROFESSOR FERGUSON AND MR. WATKINS. Ec. 3 (VI). Elective for seniors in 1900-1901. Practical economic and social problems: immigration; legislative treatment of certain moral problems; relation between labor and capital; control natural and capitalistic monopolies; crime and pauperism; discussion of criticisms of the present economic and social order. The work will be based upon Wright's Outline of Practical Sociology, but will include much supplementary reading. Reports upon reading and two written theses will be required.

Ec. 3a (VI). Elective for seniors in 1901–2. Sociology: The purpose and scope of the study. The nature of society. The races of men. The Lamarckian and Weismann theories of heredity. Social effects of charity and modern sanitation. Progress by selection and by imitation. History of institutions. Some notable individual theories of social evolution. Four written theses will be required.

WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.

ECONOMICS AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.

PROFESSOR Fisher. V. The general labor problem. A course of lectures on the nature, causes, and justification of the present social discontent, and on such suggested remedies as moral elevation, charity, education, provident institutions, labor organizations, strikes, conciliation and arbitration, labor legislation, improved wage systems, profit-sharing, co-operation, nationalization of the land, socialism, communism, anarchism.

Course V is elective for those who have taken Course I. Courses IV and V are given in alternate years, Course IV being omitted the present year.

VI. Sociology. A discussion of the fundamental principles of social organization, and the conditions and forms of social progress.

Course VI is elective for those who take, or have taken, Course I.

(VII. Social science. An examination of certain concrete social problems of the present : pauperism and charity; the defective and criminal classes. The classroom work is supplemented by visits to several of the charitable, penal, and reformatory institutions in and about Middletown. Twice a week.]

Course VII is elective for those who take, or have taken, Course I. Courses VI and VII are given in alternate years, Course VII being omitted the present year.

*VIII. Economic seminary. Each member of the seminary takes for private individual investigation, under the direction of the instructor, some problem in economics, finance, statistics, or social science, and week by week reports in class on progress made and obstacles met. At the close of the year the work is brought together in a final report or thesis.

Course VIII is elective, with the permission of the instructor, for those who, having received first or second grade in Course I, take any three of the Courses III-VII.

YALE UNIVERSITY.

THE SOCIAL SCIENCES.

PROFESSOR SUMNER. 2. The self-perpetuation of society (sec. 2 of systematic societology). A historical and ethnological study of the evolution of the marriage institution; mores, taboo, idealization. The family; its forms, parenthood, kinship, status of woman. Comparative legislation on domestic relations. Population. The history, law, and policy of population. Seventy-two hours.

The mental reactions (sec. 4a of systematic societology). An ethnological study of the development of the mental processes and of the mental outfit of the human race in the earlier stages. Ghost-fear, daimonism, otherworldliness, knowledge and pseudo-knowledge, the aleatory element, world-philosophy, mores, codes, taboo, therapeutics, etc. Seventy-two hours.

4. The beginnings of the industrial organization. An ethnological study of the industrial organization from its earliest beginnings. Division of labor between the sexes, and the special functions of each ; regulation of industry; slavery; formation of capital; discoveries and inventions; domestication of animals and plants; money, etc. Seventy-two hours.

5. The science of society. An elementary course, with text-book lessons and examination in anthropology and ethnology, with the origin of civilization, and the development of institutions. In connection with this there will be a course of lectures on systematic sociology (societology). Topics are: the organization of society; the individual and the social; social forces; militarism and industrialism; property; family and the status of women; primitive notions in religion and philosophy; civil government; law and rights; slavery and classes ; economic interests and their collisions; conditions of welfare; origin of moral standards; reaction of reason on experi

These topics are treated exclusively in the light of historical anthropology and ethnology.

6. The science of society. A course based on Lippert's K’ulturgeschichte. Seventy-two hours.

DR. NORTON. 6a. Statistical study of the evolution of man. Statistical methods for handling the data of the somatic evolution of man. Special references will be made to the problems under variation, heredity, panmixia, regression, selection, and prepotency, with some passing notice of the practical applications in life insurance. Concrete cases will be studied at every point to illustrate the general principles. The methods of Pierson and Yale, and to a less extent of Galton, will be discussed. Seventy-two hours.

ence.

PROFESSOR FARNAM,

8. Social politics. A critical and historical study of legislation designed to better the conditions of the weaker members of society, considered in its relation to self-help and voluntary activity. Seventy-two hours.

9. The modern organization of labor. These lectures treat of the historical antecedents and the development during the nineteenth century of associations of the wage-receivers. They therefore include an account of the structure, aims, and methods of such societies in different countries, together with a discussion of their relations to socialism, the factory system, labor disputes, labor legislation, workingmen's insurance, provision for the unemployed, and other features of the industrial world. Forty-six hours.

Dr. W. B. BAILEY. 23. Elementary statistics. The sources and reliability of statistical data are discussed and the methods of distinguishing true and false inferences are pointed out. Index numbers are studied, and the lectures treat of the statistics of population, crime, suicide, property, etc. The attempt is made to determine the laws which govern the group-actions of men. Seventy-two hours.

24. American social conditions. A critical study of the principal phenomena which are characteristic of American society. The course will deal with the problems connected with the negro, concentration of population in cities, with the attendant dangers, immigration, poor-relief, labor organizations, liquor question, etc. Seventytwo hours.

25. Labor systems. The various theories concerning the payment of labor, the conflicts between capital and labor, strikes, lock-outs, co-operation, compulsory insurance, and the various plans for the amelioration of the workingman. Each member of the class will make a special investigation of an assigned topic. Thirtysix hours.

26. The economic systems of classical antiquity. A critical study is made of the political and social institutions of Greece and Rome. The lectures treat of the income land expenditure of the state, the currency, credit instruments, poor-relief, slavery and tenure, commerce, trade regulations, marriage institutions, etc. Thirty-six hours.,

MR. ROBINSON. 28. Municipal politics. A study of the organization of the modern municipality its practical workings and its problems; its relation to the state, to the individual, and to industrial activity. In connection with the general treatment of the subject a special study will be made of the organization, administration, and working of typical municipalities, both American and European. Seventy-two hours.

29. Industrial combinations. A study of the modern tendency toward the concentration of interests in trade, transportation, and industry; the forms of industrial organization; the relation of aggregated capital to investors, wage-earners, competitors, and consumers; the various plans for regulating and controlling capitalistic monopolies. Lectures, readings, and the preparation of theses on the development of characteristic combinations. Seventy-two hours.

29a. Industrial policy. A historical and critical study of the state in its relation to industrial activity. The experience of modern states in the regulation, control, and operation of industry, together with an investigation of the results of municipal ownership of public utilities. Seventy-two hours.

DR. BLACKMAN.

30. Social philosophy. The principal sociological writers are classified in “schools,” and their points of view and methods are compared and contrasted; (a) contractual (Rousseau); (6) positivist (Comte); (c) evolutionary (Herbert Spencer, Drummond); (d) biological (Schäffle, Worms); (e) psychological (Tarde, Le Bon, Simmel, Giddings, Baldwin, Izoulet); (f) group-wise, observational statistical (Gumplowicz, Le Play, Quetelet); (g) theocratic (Old Testament); (h) Christian. Thirtysix hours.

30a. Practical sociology. This course includes the following topics: the four fundamental and perduring social institutions — family, church, state, and property; the negro; the immigrant; the city; the wage and factory system; and the defective, dependentvivious, and criminal classes (charities and corrections). The lectures are supplemented, and book reviews by the students. A visit of two or three days to the charity and correctional institutions of New York, for which careful preparation is made in advance, and which furnishes topics and illustrations for subsequent discussions in the class-room, will probably be made, as heretofore. Seventy-two hours.

30b. Anarchism, socialism, and communism. This course is a study of definitions, historical developments, principles, and programs. Books, pamphlets, manifestoes, and party platforms are read, as far as possible in the original language, and reported upon for the discussion before the class. Special attention will be paid to anarchism this year. Thirty-six hours.

300. Social ideals in modern English poetry. Dowden's French Revolution and English Literature and Scudder's Social Ideals in English Letters will be read as text-books, and portions of Coleridge, Wordsworth, Shelley, Byron, Burns, Tennyson, Browning, Lowell, and Whitman will be read and discussed. Thirty-six hours.

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