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Statement of obligations incurred and expenditures made for Work Projects Admin
istration-operated projects, by classes of projects, under appropriations of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Acts, fiscal years 1942 and 1943, as of Nov. 30, 1943 1
Type of project
Emergency Relief Emergency Relief Emergency Relief Emergency Relief
Act, fiscal year 1942
Act, fiscal year 1943 year 1942
Statement of obligations incurred and expenditures made under funds transferred to
other Federal agencies under provisions oj sec. 6 of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1942, by classes of projects, as of Nov. 30, 1943 1
Statement of obligations incurred and expenditures made under funds transferred to other Federal agencies under provisions of sec. 6 of Emergencp Relief Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1942, by clastes of projects, as of Nov. 30, 1943 1—Continued
JAPANESE ATROCITIES TO PRISONERS
JOINT PRESS RELEASE
WAR AND NAVY DEPARTMENTS
STORIES OF JAPANESE ATROCITIES AND
THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1944
HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 424
[Submitted by Mr. BULWINKLE]
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, January 31, 1944. Resolved, That the reports of the War and Navy Departments containing stories of Japanese atrocities and brutalities to the American and Philippine armed forces who were prisoners of war in the Philippine Islands be printed as a House document and that 50,000 additional copies be printed for the use of the House document room: Provided, That each Member of the House of Representatives shall receive 100 copies thereof.
SOUTH TRIMBLE, Clerk.
JAPANESE ATROCITIES TO PRISONERS OF WAR
BUREAU OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Joint Army-Navy Release The factual and official story of how the Japanese tortured, starved to death, and sometimes wantonly murdered American and Filipino soldiers who had been taken prisoner on Bataan and Corregidor was jointly released last night by the Army and Navy.
The facts were taken from reports made by Commander Melvyn H. McCoy, United States Navy, of 1126 LaSalle Street, Indianapolis, Ind.; Lt. Col. S. M. Mellnik, Coast Artillery Corps, of Dunmore, Pa., and Lt. Col. (then captain) William E. Dyess, Air Corps, of Albany, Tes., all of whom escaped from the Philippines after almost a year as Japanese prisoners. Their sworn statements included no hearsay whatever but only facts which the officers related from their own personal experience and observations. The statements have been verified from other sources. After he made his statement to the War Department, Colonel Dyess was killed in a crash of his fighter plane at Burbank, Calif., while he was preparing to go back and fight the Japanese who had tortured him; Colonel Mellnik is now on duty with General MacArthur; Commander McCoy is on duty in this country.
The three officers stated that several times as many American prisoners of war have died, mostly of starvation, forced hard labor, and general brutality, as the Japanese have ever reported. At one prison camp, Camp O'Donnell, about 2,200 American prisoners died in April and May 1942. In the camp at Cabanatuan, about 3,000 Americans had died up to the end of October 1942. Still heavier mortality occurred among the Filipino prisoners of war at Camp O'Donnell
While this report deals exclusively with the records of Commander McCoy, Colonel Mellnik, and Colonel Dyess, other Americans known to have escaped from Japanese prison camps in the Philippines include Maj. Michiel Dobervitch, of Ironton, Minn.; Maj. Austin C. Shofner, of Shelbyville, Tenn.; Maj
. Jack Hawkins, of Roxton, Tex.; and Corp. Reid Carlos Chamberlain, of El Cajone, Calif., all of the United States Marine Corps.
The calculated Japanese campaign of brutality against the battlespent, hungry American and Filipino soldiers on Bataan began as soon as they surrendered, with what was always thereafter known anong its survivors as the March of Death. Commander McCoy