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program, making necessary adjustments, and developing recommendations on major additions and/or changes for the approval of the cooperating agencies. Three committee members shall constitute a quorum, provided that each cooperating agency is represented. The committee members shall have the responsibility for carrying out the part of the agreed program that is assigned to their respective agencies and shall have the authority and responsibility to represent the respective agencies in making arrangements and agreements in the field necessary to carry out the agreed program.

B. PARTICIPATION IN THE AGREED PROGRAM 1. The Crops Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, in connection with the agreed program, agrees :

(a) To station research persounel at the Bureau of Reclamation Engineering and Research Center in Denver and to conduct research at this and other locations on physiological, ecological, biochemical, and herbicidal evaluation aspects of control of woody plants and aquatic weeds and other such studies, as may be planned in cooperation with Bureau of Reclamation personnel assigned to the project.

(6) To furnish such portion of labor and other assistance as may be mutually agreed upon.

(c) To furnish such implements, laboratory and greenhouse equipment, or other apparatus as may be mutually agreed upon.

(d) To conduct field phases of the investigations at field stations at Los Lunas, New Mexico; Prosser, Washington; Bozeman and Huntley, Montana; Laramie, Wyoming; and at such other points as may be established. Termi-, nation or initiation of field research at one'or more of these stations may be arranged with the state experiment station cooperators without amendment to this agreement.

(e) To arrange for the use of land, buildings, and facilities of state or Federal, experiment stations or through such stations or otherwise to arrange for the use of private land, buildings, and facilities necessary to conduct the agreed program at or in connection with each of the field headquarters.

(1) To assign to these investigations such members of its staffs as may be needed and to pay their salaries and traveling expenses.

2. The Bureau of Reclamation, in connection with the agreed program, agrees :

(a) To furnish land, office, and warehouse space, and other facilities suitable for conducting field investigations on projects operated by the Bureau of Reclamation and to cooperate in obtaining similar facilities on projects operated by water users or water companies as may be mutually agreed upon.

(b) To assign to these investigations such members of its staff as may be mutually agreed upon and to pay their

salaries and traveling expenses. (c) To reimburse the Agricultural Research Service for 50 percent of the salaries, and such other incidental expenses as may be mutually agreed upon, of the Research Specialists at the Bureau of Reclamation Engineering and Research Center in Denver.

(d) To make available office and laboratory space, stenographic assistance, and such laboratory equipment or other apparatus in the Denver laboratories as may be mutually agreed upon.

(e) To furnish greenhouse and field facilities and other suitable space for conducting physiological, herbicide residue and other studies in connection with the laboratory research in Denver.

(f) To furnish such labor and other assistance at any of the field headquarters as may be mutually agreed upon.

3. The Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, in connection with the agreed program, agrees :

(a) To station personnel at the Bureau of Reclamation En ering and Research Center in Denver and to conduct research at this and other locations on herbicide residues in fish, fish as a biological control agent for aquatic weeds, and other such studies as may be planned in cooperation with Bureau of Reclamation and ARS personnel assigned to the project.

(b) To furnish such portion of labor and other assistance as may be mutually agreed upon.

(c) To furnish specialized equipment and apparatus as may be mutually agreed upon.

(d) To assign to these investigations such members of its staff as may be needed and to pay their salaries and traveling expenses.

C. GENERAL PROVISIONS

It is mutually agreed that: 1. The Bureau

of Reclamation has need for the results of the proposed research work at the earliest possible date, even though the results obtained may not be entirely conclusive. The results of the studies and investigations under the agreed program may be used in official correspondence on the condition that due credit be given to the other participating agency.

None of the cooperating agencies, however, will publish or release any of research results not generated by their own programs without consulting the cooperating agency so as to arrive at a mutual agreement on interpretation and conclusions. Publication may be joint or independent as may be mutually agreed upon, always on the condition that due credit be given to the other cooperating agency. In the event any of the agencies concerned has need of the research data prior to their being in final form, the use of such data, with proper reservations, is permitted. In case of failure to agree as to the time and manner of publication or interpretation of the research results of the cooperative studies, either cooperating agency may release data after due notice has been given and the manuscript submitted to the other agency. In such instances, the agency releasing the data will give due credit to the other cooperating agency and will assume responsibility for any statements regarding matters which have not been resolved.

2. Property purchased with Federal funds in connection with the agreed program shall remain the property of the United States. It shall be carried on the property lists of the Federal agency supplying the funds for purchase and shall be subject to removal or other disposition by that agency at any time. Lands made available under this Memorandum of Understanding by the Bureau of Reclamation for weed control investigations will remain subject at all times to the primary jurisdiction of the Bureau of Reclamation, and nothing herein shall prevent the use or disposition of such lands at any time under the terms of the Federal reclamation laws.

3. Obligations of the cooperating agencies under this Memorandum of Understanding are contingent upon appropriations being made by the Congress from which expenditures may be met and funds being made available from such appropriations for such purposes in accordance with the President's program.

4. No member of or delegate to Congress or resident commissioner, and no officer, agent, or employee of the Government shall be admitted to any benefit arising from this agreement.

5. This Memorandum of Understanding is to define in general terms the basis on which the agencies concerned will cooperate and does not constitute a financial obligation to serve as a basis for expenditures. Any and all expenditures from Federal funds administered by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior and made in conformity with the plans outlined in this Memorandum of Understanding must be in accord with the respective departmental rules and regulations, and in each instance based upon appropriate finance papers, such as lease, contract, requisition, letter of authorization, or other appropriate documents.

6. This revised Memorandum of Understanding supersedes the Memorandum of Understanding between the Crops Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of Interior, that became effective January 1, 1962. It shall continue indefinitely, but may be modified or discontinued at the request of either party upon 30 days' written notice in advance of the effective date of termination or modification.

DRAFT-MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES

AND WILDLIFE AND THE NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE

This Memorandum of Agreement takes cognizance of the fact that both the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife (BSFW) have need for accurate, up-to-date statistics on the commercial harvest of fish from the Great Lakes. NMFS needs the information for its nation-wide compilation of landings of commercial fish ; BSFW, as the agency bearing Federal responsibility for the management of Great Lakes fisheries, needs the information for the biological assessment of fishery stocks. The purposes of the Memorandum of Agreement are to assign responsibility to BSFW for the compilation of the statistics and to provide for NMFS input into methods used to assure that the data developed meets their requirements.

BACKGROUND In conjunction with Reorganization Plan No. 3, Federal responsibility for research on and management of Great Lakes fisheries was transferred from the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries (BCF) to BSFW. BCF (now NMFS) retained certain commercial fishery-oriented responsibilities, including the compilation of commercial catch statistics. For this purpose, they have retained a statistician and a clerical assistant at the BSFW Great Lakes Fishery Laboratory at Ann Arbor. BSFW provides space and the use of computer and other facilities.

BSFW is responsible for a biological research program whose objective is to develop and maintain information forming the scientific basis for fishery management decisions. Information needed includes an up-to-date assessment of fishery stocks and this requires data on the removal of fish from the resource by sport and commercial fishermen. In FY 1972, BSFW will begin the development of a uniform method for the collection and evaluation of statistics on the sport fish catch. For maximum effectiveness, it is important that the two statistical compilations be compatible.

AGREEMENT

For the above reasons and also to prevent misunderstandings and costly duplication of effort, it is agreed: that BSFW will assume responsibility for the compilation of statistics on the commercial catch of fish in the Great Lakes; that BSFW will consult with, and gain concurrence of, NMFS before making any changes in methods which would effect their utility for NMFS purposes; and that the cost of providing these services will be shared by NMFS and BSFW.

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES,

Washington, D.C., May 27, 1971. Hon. EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Chairman, Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution, U.S. Senate, Committee on

Public Works, Washington, D.C. DEAR SENATOR MUSKIE: In reply to your letter of May 14 concerning the National Environmental Laboratory Bill, S. 1113, I am please to supply the following information for use by the Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution, and for inclusion in the hearing record. I shall address myself to the questions posed in the order in which they appear in your letter; however, the activities of the two Academies in the environment are such that questions 5, 6, and 8 do not apply.

(1) The National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering do not possess or operate laboratories or research installations. There are. however, currently in the National Research Council 26 boards and committees that deal either exclusively or partly with questions related to the environment. These committees, listed in an enclosure to this letter, are composed of experts from universities, industry, and government. They usually address themselves to questions posed by an agency of the Executive Branch of the Government. The Environmental Studies Board, a joint Board of the National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering, has overall cognizance of the environmental program in the National Research Council and in the two Academies. Three to four hundred scientists are members of these committees. They contribute their time without fee.

(2) Members of our committees are drawn from a wide variety of disciplines, and they usually have the doctoral degree. Our mode of operation is such that we can call on appropriate scientists in any field required by the nature of the problem.

(3) Expenditures in support of the environmentally related committees of the two Academies and the National Research Council will be approximately $1.8 million for the current fiscal year, amounting to about 18 percent of our total expenditures for advisory and special studies services.

(4) The Academies and Research Council ordinarily do not produce new knowledge in the field of the environment; their role is rather to synthesize what is known, and to bring together experts in a variety of disciplines, who by virtue of their expertise are qualified to render advice and recommend state-of-the-art solutions to environmental questions. In many cases the integration of different kinds of knowledge results in new departures, and provides new solutions to old problems. About half the work done by our committees can be called technology assessment.

(7) In the structure of the Academies and the National Research Council there are two operating mechanisms for identifying and addressing environmental questions. The first is in response to requests by federal agencies, both in the Legislative and the Executive Branch of the Government. When we are asked to provide advice on environmental matters, we usually do so by forming a committee which meets as frequently as necessary and produces a report to the requesting agency. When the problems are complex in nature, an intensive summer study is a useful mechanism for multidisciplinary assessment. In some cases a review of available information seems to be indicated; under those circumstances the Academies may convene symposia, workshops, or other meetings. The second mechanism employed to identify environmental questions is to rely on the members of the several committees and the Environmental Studies Board to point cut those areas which deserve special attention. Once a problem is identified in this way, we seek out agencies or foundations that might be interested in funding a study of the matter. Once funding is obtained we proceed in much the same manner as outlined above.

Coordination of our work with the Environmental Protection Agency takes place largely through informal personal contact by our committee chairmen, committee members, Academy officials, and the senior staff.

As the Environmental Protection Agency continues to evolve, our coordinating mechanisms also change. They are being strengthened even as I write this letter.

Dr. Roger Revelle, a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of its Environmental Studies Board, has testified at the hearings on Senate Bill 1113. There he brought out the fact that in a study conducted by the Environmental Studies Board in the summer of 1969, the recommendation was made concerning the need for establishment of a national environmental laboratory to carry out systematic research on the environment as a whole. Nothing has happened since then that would change the conclusions reached in that study. Sincerely,

PHILIP HANDLER,

President.

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES-NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING NATIONAL

RESEARCH COUNCIL

Environmental Studies Board.
Committee on Engineering Aspects of Environmental Quality.
Committee on Air Quality Management.
Committee on Solid Waste Management.
Committee on Radioactive Waste Management, Advisory to AEC.

Committee on Biological Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants, Advisory to EPA.

Committee on Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation, Advisory to NIH.
Committee on Power Plant Siting.
Committee on Agriculture and the Environment.
Committee on Nitrate Accumulation.
Committee on Animal Health and Nutrition.
Committee on Food Protection.
Committee on Hazardous Materials, Advisory to USCG.
Committee on Atmospheric Sciences.
Committee on Polar Research.
Ocean Affairs Board.
Marine Board.
Committee on Advisory to NOAA.
Committee on On-Site Solid Wastes Research, Advisory to PHS.
Committee on Toxicology.
Committee on Fire Research.
Federal Construction Council.
Highway Research Board.
Maritime Transportation Research Board.
Committee on Technological Aspects of Critical and Strategic Materials.
Committee on Hearing, Bioacoustics, and Biomechanics.

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