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Y 4.G 74/7:H 75/23
HOMELAND SECURITY: MONITORING NUCLEAR
POWER PLANT SECURITY
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
ONE HUNDRED EIGHTH CONGRESS
SEPTEMBER 14, 2004
Serial No. 108-265
Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Reform
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM
DAN BURTON, Indiana
TOM DAVIS, Virginia, Chairman
CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut
STEVEN C. LATOURETTE, Ohio
RON LEWIS, Kentucky
TODD RUSSELL PLATTS, Pennsylvania
CHRIS CANNON, Utah
ADAM H. PUTNAM, Florida
JOHN J. DUNCAN, JR., Tennessee
CANDICE S. MILLER, Michigan
MARSHA BLACKBURN, Tennessee
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California
JOHN F. TIERNEY, Massachusetts
DIANE E. WATSON, California
STEPHEN F. LYNCH, Massachusetts
CHRIS VAN HOLLEN, Maryland
LINDA T. SANCHEZ, California
C.A. "DUTCH" RUPPERSBERGER, Maryland ELEANOR HOLMES NORTON, District of Columbia
JIM COOPER, Tennessee
BETTY MCCOLLUM, Minnesota
BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont (Independent)
MELISSA WOJCIAK, Staff Director
DAVID MARIN, Deputy Staff Director/Communications Director
PHIL BARNETT, Minority Chief of Staff/Chief Counsel
Reyes, Luis, Executive Director of Operations, Nuclear Regulatory Com-
Fertel, Marvin, vice president and chief nuclear officer, Nuclear Energy
Wells, Jim, Director, Natural Resources and Environment, Government
HOMELAND SECURITY: MONITORING
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2004
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY, EMERGING
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM,
The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Christopher Shays (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Representatives Shays, Platts, Duncan, Kucinich, Sanders, Maloney, Ruppersberger, Tierney, and Watson.
Staff present: Lawrence Halloran, staff director and counsel; J. Vincent Chase, chief investigator; Robert A. Briggs, clerk; Andrew Su, minority professional staff member; and Jean Gosa, minority assistant clerk.
Mr. SHAYS. A quorum being present, the Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations entitled Homeland Security: Monitoring Nuclear Power Plant Security is called to order.
I have a statement. I am going to catch my breath, and I am going to ask the ranking member to start, and then I will make my opening statement.
Mr. KUCINICH. I want to thank the chairman, as always, for his diligence in matters of security in calling these hearings and indicate my appreciation for the attention that you pay to these matters.
Good morning to the Chair and members of the subcommittee and to our witnesses here today. I welcome this opportunity to discuss nuclear security in open session. As both Congress and the public have been stymied for far too long and getting truthful answers to many questions we have about nuclear safety and security.
Three years ago, two incidents shook the faith of the American people in our security. The first, of course, was the tragic attack on our country by terrorists on September 11.
The other less-known incident was the hidden problem going on at the Davis-Besse nuclear reactor in Ohio. These are the facts.
In February 2001 the Nuclear Regulatory Commission began investigating an aging mechanism that often caused cracking in reactors. As a result of these findings in late 2001, the NRC determined that the Davis-Besse plant was at risk and should shut down by December 31, 2001. FirstEnergy, the plant owner, resisted the