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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 2 OF 1967

WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1967

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION,
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, D.C.

, The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 3302, New Senate Office Building, Senator Abraham Ribicoff (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Ribicoff and Baker.

Also present: Paul Danaceau, staff director; Esther R. Newberg, chief clerk; Richard L. Bowen, professional staff member, Subcommittee on Executive Reorganization; Eli A. Nobleman, professional staff member, Committee on Government Operations; James A. Dorsch, legislative assistant to Senator Ribicoff'; and Lamar Alexander, legislative assistant to Senator Baker.

Senator RIBICOFF. The committee will be in order.

The hearing today is on Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1967, concerning the U.S. Tariff Commission and ways to promote its more efficient operation. Without objection, the plan and the memorandum of the staff will be inserted in the record at this point. (The documents referred to follow :)

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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 2 OF 1967, CONCERNING THE U.S. TARIFF COMMISSION AND WAYS TO PROMOTE ITS MORE EFFICIENT OPERATION

MARCH 9, 1967.- Referred to the Committec on Government Operations and

ordered to be printed with accompanying papers

To the Congress of the United States:

I am transmitting Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1967, concerning the U.S. Tariff Commission.

The plan is a step toward fulfilling my pledge to the American people that government must be reshaped to meet the tasks of today. It underscores my convicition that progress can be achieved by building upon what is strong and enduring, but that we shall never hesitate to discard what is inefficient or outmoded.

This plan has a single, clear objective-to strengthen the operations of the Tariff Commission by transferring to its Chairman certain routine executive and administrative functions now divided among its six Commissioners.

In taking this long overdue step, the plan adopts a proven concept of good management recommended by the first Hoover Commission: in the interests of efficiency purely administrative functions-budgeting, personnel supervision, and general management-should be vested in the chairman of a commission rather than diffused throughout the commission.

This principle was followed by each of my predecessors-Presidents Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy.

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It has been applied successfully to most of our Commissions, including

The Federal Trade Commission.
The Securities and Exchange Commission.
The U.S. Civil Service Commission.

The Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
The reorganization plan I recommend will extend it to the Tariff
Commission.

The Tariff Commission plays a key role in safeguarding the Nation's economic vitality. It reviews our commercial policies and studies how these policies affect competition between foreign and domestic products. Periodically, after public investigation, the Commission reports to Congress and the President concerning the effect of imports on our domestic industries and our workers.

The Commission's tasks are demanding and complex. They require skill and careful judgment. Often, the Commission must work under intense time

pressure. The plan I forward today will promote efficient operation of the Tariff Commission by

Centralizing and consolidating in a single executive-the Chairman—the purely administrative functions of the Commission; and

Freeing the other Commissioners from these routine burdens so they can devote full time to investigative and advisory

responsibilities. Thus, the plan transfers, from the Commission as a whole to the Chairman of the Commission, these duties:

Overall management of the Commission's activities;
Direction and supervision of the employees of the Commission;

Personnel actions, such as hiring, promotion, salary, transfer, removal of Commission employees; and

Allocation and use of funds appropriated to the Commission. This plan will allow the Nation's businessmen and workers-and indeed every citizen-to reap the benefits of modern and effective government. As a result

of this plan, the Tariff Commission will be managed more efficiently. It is too early, however, to estimate the exact dollar savings that will flow from these improved operations.

This plan was prepared in accordance with chapter 9 of title 5 of the United States Code.

After investigation I have found, and I hereby declare, that each reorganization included in the accompanying plan is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes set forth in section 901(a) of title 5.

I urge Congress to permit this reorganization plan to become effective.

LYNDON B. JOHNSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, March 9, 1967.

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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 2 OF 1967 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the

House of Representatives in Congress assembled, March 9, 1967, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 9 of title 5 of the United States Code

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION

SECTION 1. Transfer of functions. Subject to the provisions of section 2(a) of this reorganization plan, the executive and administrative functions of the United States Tariff Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Commission), including the following-described functions of the Commission, are hereby transferred from the Commission to the Chairman of the Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Chairman):

(1) The appointment and removal of personnel employed under the Commission.

(2) The distribution of business among such personnel and among administrative units of the Commission.

(3) The direction of personnel who perform, or who supervise the performance of, any function of the Commission or of the Chairman or of any agency under the Commission.

(4). The communication to personnel employed under the Commission of applicable Commission policies to be followed by such personnel in the performance of their work and the subsequent enforcement of such policies.

(5) The overall management, functioning and organization of the Commission, including (i) the formulation and implementation of plans and policies designed to increase the effectiveness of the Commission in the administration of the laws it is charged with administering and the initiation of ways and means of correcting or preventing avoidable delays in the performance of any work or the disposition of any business before the Commission, and (ii) the development and improvement of staff support to carry out the functions of the Commission.

(6) The functions of the Commission under the Budget and Accounting Act, 1921, as amended.

(7) The allocation, use, and expenditure of funds available to the Commission.

(8) The calling of the Commission into special session whenever any matter or business of the Commission so requires, but in any event for the consideration of any matter or business upon request of not less than two other members of the Commission.

SEC. 2. Performance of transferred functions. (a)(1) In carrying out any of his functions under the provisions of section 1 hereof the Chairman shall be governed by general policies of the Commission.

(2) The appointment by the Chairman of the heads of major administrative units under the Commission shall be subject to the approval of the Commission.

(3) Personnel employed regularly and full time in the immediate offices of Commission members other than the Chairman shall not be affected by the provisions of this reorganization plan.

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