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REDESIGNATE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AS THE DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 886

A BILL TO REDESIGNATE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
AS THE DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TO TRANS-
FER CERTAIN AGENCIES TO AND FROM SUCH DEPARTMENT

OCTOBER 17, 19 AND 20, 1967

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

LAW LIBRARY
U. S. GOVT. DOCI, DRP.

APR 1 1968 UNIVERYTY, RE CAUFORNIA

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1968

88-889

SENATE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota SAM J. IRVIN, JR., North Carolina

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska ERNEST GRUENING, Alaska

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

CLIFFORD P. HANSEN, Wyoming ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut

HOWARD H. BAKER, JR., Tennessee FRED R. HARRIS, Oklahoma ROBERT F. KENNEDY, New York LEE METCALF, Montana JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico

JAMES R. CALLOWAY, Chief Counsel and Staff Director

ARTHUR A, SHARP, Staj Editor

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION

ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut, Chairman JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York ERNEST GRUENING, Alaska

CLIFFORD P. HANSEN, Wyoming ROBERT F. KENNEDY, New York

HOWARD H. BAKER, JR., Tennessee
FRED R. HARRIS, Oklahoma
JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico

PAUL DANACEAU, Staj Director
ROBERT WAGER, General Counsel

ESTHER NEWBERG, Chief Clerk
E. F. BEHRENS, Minority Consultant

PAMELA M, PANCZAK, Staj Editor
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CONTENTS

Page

WITNESSES
Hon. Wilbur J. Cohen, Under Secretary, Department of Health, Educa-
tion, and Welfare; accompanied by Richard A. Prindle, M.R., Director,
Bureau of Disease Prevention and Environmental Control, Public
Health Service; Dr. John T. Middleton, Director, National Center for
Air Pollution Control, Public Health Service; Dean W. Coston, Deputy
Under Secretary; and Rosemary George, special assistant (Indian

Affairs) to Deputy Assistant Secretary (Education).

Hon. Orville L. Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture.

Phillip S. Hughes, Deputy Director, Bureau of the Budget..

Gen. Harold K. Johnson, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, accompanied by

Lt. Gen. William Cassidy, Chief of Engineers, and Brig. Gen. Harry G.

Woodbury, Director of Civil Works, Office of the Chief of Engineers,

Department of the Army.--.

Hon. Edward M. Kennedy, a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts...

Hon. Frank E. Moss, a U.S. Senator from the State of Utah.

Hon. Stanley R. Resor, Secretary of the Army; accompanied by Alfred B.

Fitt, special assistant to the Secretary of the Army for Civil Works.--.

Hon. Stewart L. Udall, Secretary of the Interior.--

32

12

EXHIBITS

No.

1. A bill to redesignate the Department of the Interior as the Depart-

ment of Natural Resources and to transfer certain agencies to and

from such Department, S. 886, 90th Congress, first session, intro-

duced by Senator Moss -

2. Memorandum concerning S. 886, prepared by Wallace D. Bowman,

specialist in conservation and natural resources, Natural Resources

Division of the Legislative Reference Service, the Library of Con-

gress, October 12, 1967...

3. Analysis of natural resource spending, the budget of the U.S. Govern-

ment for fiscal year 1968.--.

4. A bill to preserve the Nation's estuarine areas and their natural

resources, S. 2365, 90th Cong., first session, introduced by Senator

Ribicoff

5. Statement of Hon. Gale McGee, a U.S. Senator from the State of

Wyoming, submitted for the record.

6. Article from the New York Times, Army Admits Role in Lake

Pollution," October 11, 1967..

7. Joint statement by the Departments of the Interior and the Army

regarding the issue of dredging on the Great Lakes, submitted

for the record by Secretary Resor.--

8. Joint statement of the Departments of the Interior and the Army

regarding the water situation at Everglades National Park, sub-

mitted for the record by Lieutenant General Cassidy.

9. “Quality Education for American Indians, a Report on Organizational

Location,” prepared for the Subcommittee on Education of the

Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, May 1967, sub-

mitted for the record by Under Secretary Cohen.

10. Supplemental statement of Lt. Gen. William Cassidy, Chief of Engi-

neers, Department of the Army ---

11. Letter from Hon. Robert C. McConnell, Assistant Secretary of the past

Interior to Senator Ribicoff, concerning additional information
on the Bureau of Indian Affairs, October 20, 1967.--

113 12. Letter from Phillip S. Hughes, Deputy Director, Bureau of the Budget,

to Senator Ribicoff, concerning the views of the Bureau of the Budget
on S. 886, April 13, 1967.-

129 13. Resolution of the Warrior-Tombigbee Development Association in

Alabama, concerning the role of the Army Corps of Engineers in
natural resources, submitted for the record by Senator Sparkman.--.

140 14. Letter from Hon. Ramsey Clark, Attorney General, to Senator

Ribicoff, expressing the views of the Justice Department on S. 886,
July 3, 1967 -

141 15. Letter from Hon. John Gardner, Secretary of Health, Education, and

Welfare, to Senator Ribicoff, expressing the views of that Depart-
ment on S. 886, October 17, 1967..

142 16. Letter from C. W. McMillan, executive vice president, American

National Cattlemen's Association, to Senator Ribicoff, containing
comments on S. 886, October 12, 1967---

143 17. Statement of Hon. Edmund S. Muskie, a U.S. Senator from the State of Maine, submitted for the record, November 1, 1967

144 18. Letter from Richard H. Stroud, executive vice president, Sport Fishing

Institute, to Senator Ribicoff, commenting on S. 886, October 24,
1967..

145 19. Letter from Hon. Orville Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture, to Senator

Ribicoff including a joint statement concerning arrangements for
handling recreation programs at reservoir sites, October 24, 1967.---

146 20. Letter from Col. George E. Pickett, director, Department of Water

and Air Resources, State of North Carolina, to Senator Ervin,
submitted to Senator Ribicoff for the record by Senators Ervin and

Jordan, October 25, 1967...
21. Letter from Dale Twachtmann, executive director, Southwest Florida

Water Management District, to Senator Ribicoff, including a state-
ment of Mr. Edward Medard, chairman, governing board, South-

west Florida Water Management District, October 26, 1967.--- 151 22. Letter from Riley S. Miles, executive director and general manager,

Water Users Association of Florida, Inc., to Senator Ribicoff,
commenting on S. 886, November 2, 1967.-.

153 23. Letter from Braxton B. Carr, president, the American Waterways

Operators, Inc., to Senator Ribicoff, commenting on S. 886, Novem-
ber 15, 1967-

154 24. Letter from Floyd H. Blaske, national president, the Propeller Club

of the United States, to Senator Ribicoff, commenting on S. 886,
November 27, 1967 -

155 25. Letter from Swep T. Davis, executive director-secretary, Pat Harri

son Waterway District, to Senator Ribicoff, including a resolution
adopted by the Pat Harrison Waterway District Board of Directors
on October 26, 1967, on S. 886, November 28, 1967.--

155 26. Article from the Natural Resources Journal, “The Case for a Depart

ment of Natural Resources," by Mister Z, the University of New
Mexico School of Law, volume i, No. 2, November 1961.-

157

149

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