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(Thereupon, at 3:05 p.m., the subcommittee adjourned, subject to the call of the Chair.)

(The following material was submitted to the subcommittee in response to a request for the year in which the companies first met the 1968 safety standards. This equipment or features were not necessarily continued as standard on subsequent models.)

EXHIBIT 32

INTRODUCTION OF SAFETY FEATURES RELATED TO FMVSS-GENERAL MOTORS CORP.

[RPO= Regular production option]

FMVSS

FMVSS requirements first met on a GM car line (standard

equipment unless otherwise indicated)

Compliance

on all GM cars (model

year)

1968 1968

1938 ? 1941 1938

1938 1968 1962

1968 1966

1963 1967 1968

1967 1946 1968

101 Controls;
Control identification.

1959 Cadillac (with RPO washer).
Control location.....

Indeterminate i (probably met as controls were made standard

equipment). 102 Automatic transmission: Shift lever sequence.

1938 Oldsmobile-Buick (RPO transmission).. Starter interlock.

1941 Oldsmobile-Cadillac (RPO).
Braking effect.

1938 Oldsmobile-Buick (RPO).
Shift pattern identification:
Automatic...

1938 Oldsmobile-Buick (RPO).
Manual.

1960 Corvette (RPO 4-speed). 103 Windshield defrosting and defogging.. 1962—all (1937 Oldsmobile-RPO).. 104 Windshield wipers and washers: Wipers.

1964 "A" cars (indeterminate before 1964). Washers.

1966—all (indeterminate before 1966). 105 Brakes: Service brake system.

1963—all (indeterminate before 1963). Brake warning system.

1967—all.. Parking brake...

1967-most cars (indeterminate before 1967; tested on 27

percent grade). Dual master cylinder system..... 1962 Cadillac. 106 Hydraulic brake hoses..

1946—all (indeterminate before 1946). 107 Glare reduction-Hardware.

1967 Pontiac (indeterminate before 1967).
111 Mirrors:
Inside

Indeterminate.
Outside.

Indeterminate (RPO before 1966).
201 Interior protection:
Instrument panels.

Indeterminate.
Seat backs.

do..
Armrests.

do.. Padded sun visors.

1966-a (1960 Chevrolet-RPO). 203 Steering control system-Impact. 1967-all (indeterminate before 1967) 204 Steering control system-Displace. 1967-most cars (indeterminate before 1967).

ment. 205 Glazing materials.

1966-all. 206 Door hinges and latches.

1964 "A" cars and Chevrolet (indeterminate before 1964). 207 Seats: Seat strength.

1967-most cars (indeterminate before 1967). Anchorage strength

1967--all (indeterminate before 1967). Seat back latches.

1967-all.. 208 Number of seat belts.

1968-all. 209 Seat belt strength.

1965--all (2 front seat belts became standard equipment).... 210 Seat belt anchorages: Lap-front.

1962-all. Lap-rear.

1963-all.. Shoulder..

1966--all. 211 Wheel nuts, discs, and hub caps. Indeterminate (very early). 301 Fuel tank integrity..

Indeterminate. Brake fluid.

1948-all..

1968 1968

1968 1968 1968 1966 1967 1968

1966 1966

1968 1967 1967 1968 1965

1962 1963 1966 1968 1967 1948

1 Indeterminate means there is a reasonable chance that compliance to some aspects of the MVSS existed in an earlier year than any shown, but no documentation is available as proof. As an example, many parking brakes probably met the 30 percent hill requirement prior to the 1967 date shown. But parking brake tests prior to 1967 were conducted on a 27-percent grade; therefore there is no existing proof they would also hold the car on a 30 percent grade, though in our engineering judgment they probably would.

* Changed from RNLH to NDLR in 1940 to PRNDL in 1965.

FORD MOTOR CO.

Federal motor vehicle safety standard No.

Effective manufacturing date for complying

model automobiles

Earliest auto models to meet or exceed
Federal motor vehicle safety standards

101 102 103 104

105 106

107

111

201

Added identification to certain controls, 1968. Met by Thunderbird and Lincoln in 1966.
Prior to 1966.

.do.
Redesigned and retooled windshield wiper arms, Met by Ford, Mercury, Cougar, and Mustang in
1968,

1967.
1967.
Prior to 1966.
Incorporated antiglare requirements in newly de-

signed mirror mountings, steering-wheel horn
rings and buttons, windshield moldings, etc.,

1968.
Incorporated windshield mounted interior mirror Met by Thunderbird and Lincoln in 1966.

with deflecting design in sedan (1968) models.

(Hardtops met this standard in 1967.)
Redesigned front seat back, redesigned and re-

tooled sun visors, 1968.
1967...
Changed and reinforced front end structure, added

energy-absorbing steering column, redesigne
instrument panel column mountings, 1968.
1966.
1967.
Added seat back latches for 2-door models, 1968.

(4-door models met this standard in 1966.)
Added front and rear center seat belts, added front

shoulder belts as of Jan. 1, 1968.
1967..
Revised shoulder harness anchorages, 1968.
Added fuel-tank straps to station wagons, 1968.

(Other body styles met this standard in 1966.)

203 204

205 206 207

208

209 210 301

SAFETY CHANGES MADE IN CHRYSLER CORP. CARs, 1966–68 MODELS

Group 1-Changes to meet Department of Transportation Standards
Changes in 1966 to meet regulations.
Changes in 1967 to meet regulations.
Changes in 1968 to meet regulations..

6 8 14

Changes in Chrysler Corp. cars to meet regulations..

28 Group 11-Safety changes other than those required by Department of Transportation Changes in 1968.

9 Changes in 1967

2 Changes in 1966

3 Changes in Chrysler Corp. cars.

1 14 13 will be required by Department of Transportation in 1969.

GROUP 1.-CHANGES TO CHRYSLER VEHICLES TO MEET 1968 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STANDARDS

MVSS
No.

Title or subject

Chrysler change

Chrysler change effectivity Date change

required by law

Jan. 1, 1968

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101...

Control location and identifica. More adequate identification 1968 models.
tion.

of vehicle controls, 102

Transmission shift lever se- Change not required.. Not applicable...

quence, starter interlock and

transmission braking effect. 130

Windshield defrosting and de- Heater option made standard .....do....
togging.

equipment all States.
104 Windshield wiping and washing 2-speed wiper made standard. 1966 models and subse-
systems.

quent. Windshield washers made

standard. 105.

Hydraulic service brake, emer- Emergency or dual braking 1967 models and subse-
gency brake, and parking system incorporated.

quent.
brake systems.

Brake failure warning light ...do..

added. 106 Hydraulic brake hoses.

Change not required

Not applicable. 107 Reflecting surfaces.

Change wiper arms and 1966 models and subse

blades to stainless steel quent.
with electroetch or roll mill

finish.
Change finish on shift selec- 1968 models.

tor, turn signal indicator
lever, steering column,
windshield moldings, and

inside mirror mount.
107
Reflecting surfaces..

Change finish on steering Jan. 1, 1968.

wheel hub, horn ring, and
steering wheel spokes to a
satylite low gloss finish or

glass bead blasted finish. ..... Rear view mirrors...

Field of view increased on 1967 models and subse

outside mirror by change quent.
to 4/4-inch diameter mir-

ror.
Double ball joint for interior do..

mirror for breakaway

mount.
Day-nite inside mirror to pro- do..

vide 35-percent reflectance

in day position.
Left outside rear view mir- 1966 models and subse-
ror made standard.

quent.
201 ........ Occupant protection in interior Larger energy-absorbing 1968 models...
impact.

brows on instrument

panels.
Energy-absorbing front seat do.

backs.
Side armrests, additional

padding in compacts and

intermediates added. 201 ........ Occupant protection in interior Center armrests (where in

do
impact.

stalled). Additional pad-
ding added for energy

absorption.
Padded sun visors as stand- 1966 models and subse-
ard equipment.

quent.
202
Head restraints...

Available option in all seat To be effective as stand-
types for 1968.

ard in 1969 models. 203, 204... Impact protection for driver Energy-absorbing column..... 1967 modes and subsefrom steering control system.

quent.
205..
Glazing materials.

Windshield plastic inner layer 1966 models and subse-
(0.030 thick).

quent. 206

Door latches and door hinge Higher strength striker and 1968 models, intermedi-
systems.

latch combination.

ate and full-size cars.
207
Anchorage of seats.

All folding-type seats have a 1968 models (3d seat of
seat back latch.

suburbans on Jan. 1,

1968).
208........ Seat belt installations..... 2 shoulder belts in outboard Jan. 1, 1968.

front seats.
Center front and rear seat

Do.

Do.

Do.

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lap belts added. 209.. Seat belt assemblies..

Greater clearances provided February 1967.

for fingers under buckle

latch. 209 Seat belt assemblies. Anchor bolt change for

do greater strength.

Feb. 28 1967

DO.

GROUP 1.-CHANGES TO CHRYSLER VEHICLES TO MEET 1968 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

STANDARDS-Continued

MVSS
No.

Title or subject

Chrysler change

Chrysler change effectivity Date change

required by law

Jan. 1, 1968.

301.......

...do..

Do

1968 models.

210........ Seat belt assembly anchorages.. Rear floor pan reinforcements 1968 models.

added.
Fuel tanks, fuel tank filler Additional support braces
pipes, fuel tank connections. added for fuel tank, modi.

fied seals in fuel filler neck. HEW

Control of air pollution from Provide a cleaner air pack- Standard equipment in
new motor vehicles.

age consisting of

all 1968 models.
Modified distributor.
Modified combustion (Cars sold in California
chamber.

In 1966).
New carburetor metering

ing system.
Connection from crankcase Added in 1965

Do.

breather to air cleaner.

GROUP 11.-SAFETY CHANGES MADE BY CHRYSLER OTHER THAN THOSE REQUIRED BY DOT

Subject

Change

Benefit

Change effective

Rearview mirrors.....

Vinyl plastic rim added to To reduce impact injury...--. 1968 models.

inside mirror. Instrument panel, upper.. Additional padding to meet To reduce head injury..... 1967 models.

GSA performance standard

515/2 for 1967. Pads, lower instrument panel... Pads added

To reduce knee injury. 1968 models. Door latch systems... Higher strength latch. Higher strength in both pri- Compacts in 1967.

mary and secondary posi

tions. Do..

Nonoverriding door latch To reduce likelihood of interior 1968 models.
(front doors).

door latch being activated

inadvertently. Do.

Flush type inner, door release To reduce likelihood of occu- 1966 models.
lever.

pant opening door.
Broad flush surface for pas-

senger impact injury pro

tections. Seat belts...

Automatic locking retractors Convenience to adjust proper Jan. I, 1968.
in standard-size car.

belt tension on occupant.
Window regulator knobs.... Soft knobs added to handle, Occupant impact protection... 1968 models.

handle more flush, greater

radii. Side marker lights..... Side marker lights added Vehicle visibility.

Do. front and rear each side

of car. Emergency flashers. 4-way flasher added. Emergency roadside warning 1966 models.

of parked or stopped

vehicle. Backup lights.

Backup lights made standard Warn vehicle is backing up; Do.
equipment.

provide illumination to the

rear. Gearshift selector.

Increase knob size, higher Head impact protection....... 1968 models.

strength against break

away; greater radii. Ashtrays..

Breakaway design when Reduce injury from head or Do.
open.

knee impact. Instrument panel controls..... Controls modified to reduce To reduce head or facial 1967 and 1968 models.

protusion or increase

injury. contactable surface.

COMPLIANCE BY AMERICAN MOTORS CORP. AUTOMOBILES WITH THE AUTOMOBILE

SAFETY STANDARDS ISSUED BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 1968

1. The American Motors Corporation 1968 Model Rebel Automobile sold to the General Services Administration first met the 1968 safety standards of the Department of Transportation with the first manufacturing on or after January 1, 1968.

2. No American Motors Corporation automobile model met all of the 1968 safety standards of the Department of Transportation until the first manufacturing on or after January 1, 1968.

3. American Motors Corporation first manufactured automobiles in compliance with specific Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards as set forth in the attached chart.

AMERICAN MOTORS CORP.

[blocks in formation]

1962. (Prior years were push

button.) 1946. (Standard with delete

option.) 1968. 1958. 1964. (Excluding warning

light.) 1967.

(Including warning light.) 1962 (Feb. 28, 1962). (All

replacement parts back to

1935 will now comply.) 1967. (Blades and arms only.) 1968. 1968.

[blocks in formation]

107 111 201

203

1968.

204

1968.

205 206.

1967 (July 15, 1966.)
1968.

Reflecting surfaces.

do. Rearview mirrors.

do.
Occupant protection in interior Jan. 1, 1968

impact.
Impact protection for the driver Aug. 1, 1967.

from steering control system.
Steering control rearward

Jan. 1, 1968
displacement
Glazing materials.

Aug. 1, 1967
Door latches and door hinge system. Aug. 1, 1967 (Rebe' and

Ambassador automobiles.)
Jan. 1, 1968 (Rambler

American automobiles.)
Seat anchorages.

Aug. 1, 1967
Seat belt installation...

Jan. 1, 1968.
Seat belt assemblies.

Mar. 1, 1967
Seat belt assembly anchorages.. Aug. 1, 1967
Fuel tank, fuel filler pipes and do...

fuel tank connections.

207 208

1968.
1968. (Including shoulder

belts.)
1967 (Mar. 1, 1967.)
1968.
1968.

209. 210. 301.

EXHIBIT 33

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR,
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER.

Washington, D.C., September 18, 1968. Hon. ABRAHAM A. RIBICOFF, Chairman, Subcommittee on Executive Reorganization, Committee on Govern

ment Operations, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. DEAR CHAIRMAN RIBICOFF: I am enclosing a copy of the final revised "Guide lines for Adjustment of New Automobile Prices for Changes in Quality of Product.” These guidelines supersede those dated August 8, 1967, which were used to obtain data for adjusting prices of 1968 models. They have been revised further following the discussions which we held with you and representatives of the Senate Commerce Committee and other Federal agencies in July.

You will note that the revised guidelines reflect the agreement reached between the automobile manufacturers and the Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations to the effect that detailed data on costs of changes made to comply with Federal Safety Standards would be supplied by the manufacturers to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In accordance with that agreement, the BLS expects to determine an average value figure for each of the changes made to comply with the safety standards for all makes and models of automobiles. These average value figures will be supplied to the Subcommittee, the Department of Transportation, and other Federal agencies, as well as being issued in a public report.

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