Monitoring Ecological Change
Cambridge University Press, 2005 M08 18
The state of ecosystems, biological communities and species are continuously changing as a result of both natural processes and the activities of humans. In order to detect and understand these changes, effective ecological monitoring programmes are required. This book offers an introduction to the topic and provides both a rationale for monitoring and a practical guide to the techniques available. Written in a nontechnical style, the book covers the relevance and growth of ecological monitoring, the organizations and programmes involved, the science of ecological monitoring and an assessment of methods in practice, including many examples from monitoring programmes around the world. Building on the success of the first edition, this edition has been fully revised and updated with two additional chapters covering the relevance of monitoring to the reporting of the state of the environment, and the growth of community based ecological monitoring.
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Environmental monitoring programmes and organizations
State of the environment reporting and ecological monitoring
Biological spatial scales in ecological monitoring
Biological indicators and indices
Diversity and similarity indices
Planning and designing ecological monitoring
Communitybased ecological monitoring
Ecological monitoring of species and biological communities
Ecological monitoring and environmental impact assessments
The 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
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abundance activities analysis animal appropriate areas assessment basis biological diversity biotic birds calculated census changes chemical classification collected composition Conference conservation considered continue Contracting Party Convention countries described detect distribution ecological monitoring ecosystems effects environment environmental monitoring established example fish forest Global groups habitats human identify impacts important increase indices individuals integrity interest International issues land landscape levels limits mapping marine means measures methods monitoring programmes natural objectives observed organisms particular planning plant pollution population possible present processes production protocol published range recording reference regional relation relative reports response sampling scales scientific score selected similarity simple soil spatial species species richness standard studies suggested survey sustainable Table taken types undertaken United variables various wildlife woodland World
Page 346 - The objectives of this convention, to be pursued in accordance with its relevant provisions, are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.
Page 364 - Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the thirtieth instrument of ratification, acceptance approval or accession.
Page 350 - ... respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote their wider application with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices...
Page 347 - Sustainable use' means the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.
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