Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research

Front Cover
National Academies Press, 1994 M01 1 - 636 pages

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction.

Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs.

The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

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Contents

NEW DIRECTIONS IN DEFINITIONS
19
TABLES
28
PREVENTION OF PHYSICAL ILLNESS
33
CONTRIBUTIONS AND FRONTIERS
53
BOXES
63
DESCRIPTION OF FIVE ILLUSTRATIVE MENTAL DISOR
73
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR THE ONSET OF MENTAL DISORDERS
127
Family Burden
140
Interventions for Adults
275
Interventions for the Elderly
292
Findings and Leads
297
TREATMENT RESEARCH AND PREVENTION
315
MENTAL HEALTH PROMOTION
333
DESIGNING CONDUCTING AND ANALYZING PRO
359
FROM RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE
415
Evaluating the Programs Effectiveness
428

Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
154
Depressive Disorders
163
Conduct Disorder
171
Risk and Protective Factors Common to Many Disorders
182
Major Findings and Promising Leads
191
ILLUSTRATIVE PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION RESEARCH PROGRAMS
215
Description of the Evidence Concerning the Outcomes
222
Interventions for Young Children
241
Interventions for ElementaryAge Children
249
Interventions for Adolescents
261
Conclusion
434
Private Foundations
449
Coordination
463
Expanding the Knowledge Base
475
APPENDIXES
485
B CONTRIBUTORS
555
WORKSHOPS
571
CONTENTS xx
579
INDEX
589
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