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duction of transit stops and major transportation interchanges will provide opportunities for new employment, commercial, and residential development. If properly directed, these and other demands to develop new activity centers within Northeast will open the entire area to a new area of growth and vitality.


There should be an increase in office and commercial activity in Northeast reflecting improvements in accessibility. Furthermore, industry would continue to be an important land use in parts of this area. Nevertheless, Northeast should for the most part remain predominantly residential.

Total household population could increase by as much as one-third over the next 20 years, to a total of about 80,000. Allocations for new schools and other community facilities would be more than offset by the proposed residential reuse of the National Training School site, and by potentials which would be realized through the intensification of residential development in the vicinity of new transit stops and other points of emerging high accessibility.

The pattern of development in Northeast should become more diversified, with new high-density development around rapid transit stations relieving the almost unbroken pattern of low-density uses now existing in the greater portion of the The small activity centers at the community level should be strengthened, and industrial activity should be separated from residential areas to provide a clearer sense of community structure throughout the area.



New high-density residential development should prevail within the corridor of blocks immediately to the east of the north-south transit line (and new North Central Freeway), lying generally between Taylor Street on the north and Rhode Island Avenue on the south.

A mix of housing types averaging out to moderate density should be characteristic of the residential development proposed for the National Training School site.

Activity centers

Of the two uptown centers identified as potentials for the areas near the two transit stations proposed for Northeast, the one at Rhode Island Avenue should have strong industrial leanings, while the one at Michigan Avenue should take shape as the more typical uptown center mix of shops, office buildings, and highdensity residential.

The scattered industrial activities in this area (as well as some from other parts of the city) should be consolidated just north of the railroad corridor paralleling New York Avenue.

Two new school campus developments should be established in the eastern sector of Northeast. The existing Eckington school complex, including community recreation facilities, should be reexamined, pointing to an improved organization and use of limited land resources.

Local commercial activities, notably those strung out along Rhode Island Avenue, should be consolidated in a few community and neighborhood centers. Open Space

A substantial addition should be made to the parks and play spaces of the Northeast area, to keep pace with recent and expected population growth.

An overlook park should be considered as a potential for at least part of the bluff to the north of the freeway proposed to parallel New York Avenue, to capitalize on the high elevations characteristic of this section of the Nation's Capital.


The two principal rail transit stations to serve Northeast (as stops along the line following the B. & O. right-of-way) should be near Rhode Island Avenue and Fourth, and near Michigan and 12th.

The freeways in this area should be laid out to minimize their impact on the topography and to provide the best possible opportunity for new urban develop


As a parkway, Eastern Avenue should extend southward along the edge of this area to a terminus at the Anacostia River park area.


The land to be vacated by the National Training School should be developed in a manner which would contribute positive new forces giving form to the community in this section of Northeast. Proposed for this site are a varied mix of housing types and a full complement of community facilities (including one of the two new school campus developments proposed for Northeast), as well as an employment center which would have a character compatible with the prevailing residential function of the tract as redeveloped. Quality of development and design throughout should be of the highest because of the prominence of this setting as the major gateway to the Nation's Capital from the east.

Mr. KENNEDY. To permit this site to be used for other projects currently under consideration will change the residential character of this area which police statistics reveal to be one of the lowest crime areas in the city; a fact in which we take pride.

Congress only recently prohibited chanceries from locating in residential communities in the District. We find it most difficult to understand how a proposal for an industrial complex such as the Government Printing Office with all the hazards of traffic, and other implications not conducive to residential community living, can seriously be considered.

Likewise, the use of this land for low-income housing will do little more than create another ghetto. This, too, will change the residential character of this relatively crime-free community. In addition, the National Capital Housing Authority has finalized plans to begin immediate construction on 156 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-bedroom units to accommodate 964 persons only a few blocks from the Training School site. We believe this number of public housing units more than sufficient to be placed in any low-density community. Similar projects have not been seriously considered for any other low-density community in the city. Why further impose on the taxpaying property owners of our area, by erecting more high-density housing, or an industrial complex at the Training School site?

On the other hand, the Training School site is the last large unincumbered land in the District available for developing a modern city university that may be expanded as the need and population growth demands. This site is located at one of the gateways to the city and could serve as a proper and fitting landmark for visitors to our great Capital City.

Such a monument-the university-located on the Training School site would be totally consistent with the beautification legislation recently enacted by Congress, and would also blend with the plans of Mrs. Lyndon Johnson for making our Nation's Capital a more beautiful city.

Finally, the Congress of Community Organizations is supported by public spirited groups who, we believe, numerically represent more than one-half of the city population. In the absence of self-government for ourselves, we appeal to your distinguished committee and the Congress to heed our views.

Attached hereto is a list of 28 organizations which support the position that I stated. In addition thereto, I would certainly like for you to include for the record a resolution of January 11, 1966, supporting this position, and further, Mr. Chairman, we have brought along with us petitions of the residents of this community. Other petitions like these have already been submitted to the National Capital Planning Commission on this question.

My final thought on the subject, Mr. Chairman, is with respect to the support and the public officials who support less than the university concept for the District of Columbia; it is difficult indeed for us to understand how in the greatest capital of the greatest nation in the world, we could be asked anything less than the other States in the Union for the young people of this city.

I appreciate the opportunity to appear, sir.

Senator MORSE. I have some questions, but first the list of the organizations which belong to the Congress of Community Organizations will be included with your statement that I have already admitted into the hearing record. The resolution will be received into the hearing record. The petitions will be received into the record. (The previously mentioned documents follow :)


1. District of Columbia Congress of Parents & Teachers.

2. District of Columbia Federation of Civic Associations.

3. District of Columbia Chapter, American Federation of Teachers. 4. The Far Northeast Council.

5. The Woodridge Civic Association.

6. The Gateway Community Association.

7. The Arboretum Community Association.

8. The Brookland Civic Association.

9. The All-Souls Unitarian Church (Dr. Duncan Howlett).

10. The District of Columbia Education Association.

11. The Friendship Citizens Association.

12. The Rhode Island Avenue Citizens Association.

13. The Deanwood Civic Association.

14. The Kingman Park Civic Association.

15. The River Terrace Civic Association.

16. The Public Interest Group.

17. The Mount Olivet Heights Civic Association.

18. The Edgewood Civic Association.

19. The Fort Dupont Civic Association.

20. The Fort Totten Civic Association.

21. The Central Northeast Civic Association.

22. The Capital View Civic Association.

23. The Delta Sigma Theta Sorority (Washington, District of Columbia graduate chapter).

24. The Woodridge Youth Council.

25. The Borroughs Community Association.

26. The Church of the Redeemer (Rev. Jefferson Rogers).

27. The National Association of Negro Business & Professional Women's League.

28. The Second New St. Paul Baptist Church (Dr. Edgar L. Williams).



We, the undersigned citizens of Washington, D. C., recognize the need for public education at the broadest and highest levels. Therefore, we petition all responsible authorities as follows:

1. The establishment of a Washington City University.


The allocation of all or some part of the acreage on which the
National Training School For Boys is located for the purpose
of developing a public University in and for the District of

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This Petition is sponsored by the Joint Committee on the use of
The Site of the National Training School For Boys.



We, the undersigned citizens of Washington, D. C., recognize the need for public education at the broadest and highest levels. Therefore, we petition all responsible authorities as follows:



The establishment of a Washington City University.

The allocation of all or some part of the acreage on which the
National Training School For Boys is located for the purpose
of developing a public University in and for the District of

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5201-Central are &. E, DC

This Petition is sponsored by the Joint Committee on the use of
The Site of the National Training School For Boys.

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