Page images

I think this would slow down the growth and hamper both institutions. Both these institutions are large enough in size so you can get the economy of interchanging of personnel on the individual campuses without having to put them all together.

If institutions as different as the two under consideration cannot operate satisfactorily on one location nor under one single controlling agency, I would suggest a central coordinating agency for both institutions.

Each institution should have its own operating board free to develop the individual character of each of the institutions, with the coordinating agency setting broad policies that would affect both institutions. I think that is the heart of what I want to say.

Senator MORSE. Your suggestions are very helpful. In regard to the administrative problems, those are the suggestions I want to get into this hearing record. Again I am not ready for any final decision on the matter. I do not know what the Virginia system is, but in a good many States, my State being an example, we have a State board of higher education. It has overall jurisdiction of all higher education in the State. But we have many institutions under it that perform various special services of the community colleges. You have your vocational training institutes. You have your 4-year college, and it is claimed that as a result of that centralization of top administrative authority, there is great saving in cost and there is also improved efficiency in the academic level by interchanges among the institutions, where they are not so far apart, where you can have modern travel, where you can have a special well-known professor in some field that can lecture one day at institution A and the next day at institution B and the next day at institution C and give to all the students the benefit of his special training.

We are also working out, and I do not think we have scratched the surface of it yet, the use of our various technical aids in education, television, films, and use of the radio. All I suggested earlier this morning is that we ought to keep in mind that wherever we can bring about some saving and at the same time not pay a price for it academically that is fine.

I don't know what the best administrative setup for the District of Columbia is. I am not qualified to say. But you people working in the field are, and I think this kind of information that you are giving is excellent. I hope you will follow it with a memorandum to the committee. The staff may call upon you for assistance. I want to get the best administrative setup that we can have.

I want to thank you very much.

Mr. MCKEE. We will be pleased to cooperate and give any additional help.

Senator MORSE. Our next witness will be Miss Griffith. We are delighted to have you, Miss Griffith.


Miss GRIFFITH. Thank you, Senator Morse.

We want to thank you for holding these hearings on this important legislation, and I would like to submit my statement for the record and then briefly comment upon it.

The District of Columbia Education Association strongly urges that the members of this committee and the 89th Congress act favorably on a measure to authorize the establishment of 2-year community junior college and a 4-year liberal arts college to provide higher education at a nominal cost for the young people of the District of Columbia.

Low tuition costs in State colleges and universities are available to young people living outside of the District of Columbia. It has been noted that the annual tuition charge for private colleges within the District of Columbia is more than $1,000. Seniors from four high schools stated that they could not afford to pay the $525 annual tuition charged by Howard University. The prohibitive cost of education in the established colleges in the Washington area presents a barrier to many of our city's youth.

The present colleges and universities in Washington, D.C., also have student bodies which are national and international in scope and all of these institutions are overcrowded. These institutions, therefore, cannot meet the local needs of our high school graduates by enrolling all who are eligible to attend. The District of Columbia needs better facilities for higher education to meet the increasing demand. A 2-year community junior college and a 4-year liberal arts college are needed now to insure that all eligible young people may obtain the type of education which will insure a future free from economic need for themselves and to provide skilled employees and professionally competent personnel for our city and Nation.

We desire to end the waste of human potential in Washington, D.C. President Johnson stated that

Higher education should be made a universal opportunity for all young peoplethe Nation's Capital should set the pace, not lag behind. The Congress has abundantly demonstrated its concern with education and I hope that the proprosed bill will receive its prompt and favorable consideration.

The Education Committee of the District of Columbia Education Association has studied S. 293 and S. 1612. It made recommendations which were endorsed by the executive committee of this association. It was recommended that S. 293 be preferred, with the following suggested amendments:

S. 293, section 3(a), page 3, line 7: change "not less than five” to "all", and at the end of the sentence on page 3, line 9, delete the period, and add:

Provided further, That no member shall be a member of the administrative staff or of the faculty of any other institution of higher education located in the District of Columbia.

Amend section 3(b), page 4, lines 5, 6 by changing "not less than four", to "all", and add at the end of the sentence, line 8:

Provided further, That no member shall be a member of the administrative staff or of the faculty of any other institution of higher education located in the District of Columbia.

Section 4(a), page 5, line 11, following the word "Education", add: "and not more than one year following the date of approval of this Act."

S. 293, section 4(a), page 5, line 19, change period to a comma, and add:

Provided, That the personnel so transferred shall suffer no loss of current salary or increases thereto provided by existing law, nor any loss of rights or benefits (such as leave of absence, sick leave, pension, term life insurance, and health insurance) now provided by existing law.

S. 293, section 4 (b), page 5, line 24, add :

Provided, That the professional personnel of the laboratory school may hold, if qualified, academic rank of assistant professor, or higher, in the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences, and that any excess of salary due thereto over that of the regular position as teacher shall be paid from the appropriation for the College of Arts and Sciences.

S. 293, section 5 (a), add new section 3:

To prepare plans for the establishment of any other institution of higher education which the needs of the community from time to time necessitate.

Renumber the other subsections of section 5(a).

S. 293, section 5 (a), old subsection 5, insert clause protecting tenure, salary, and all other rights of employees.

S. 293, section 5 (a), old subsection 4, change "four" to "six".

S. 293, section 5 (b), delete entire section.

It should be pointed out that neither S. 293 nor S. 1612 has satisfactory provisions for the financial autonomy of the proposed colleges. If financial provisions do not accompany the authorization to establish the proposed colleges, unnecessary delays will result.

Either S. 293 or S. 1612, if adopted, would establish a board of higher education which would have control over the junior college and the 4-year liberal arts college.

The present District of Columbia Teachers College, with its able faculty, has been operating under great handicaps in its present obsolete buildings-both of which were erected more than 50 years ago. The present accreditation will be withdrawn in 1971 if steps are not taken to provide a modern college plant. Accreditation by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education already has been withdrawn.

The District of Columbia Teachers College should be included in the proposed 4-year liberal arts college. The present institution (and its two predecessors, Miner Normal School and Wilson Normal School) has proven its worth through its contribution to the thousands of young people who have received their higher education within its halls, whether in its 2-, 3-, or 4-year programs. The present college and its predecessors has been the major source for the recruitment of teachers for the classrooms of the District of Columbia public schools. Favorable action of S. 293 or S. 1612 will provide the same opportunities for higher learning to District of Columbia youth as are now provided within the respective States. The new facilities will open doors for training those who can best profit from higher education among our high school graduates. A college of liberal arts and a community junior college for the District of Columbia are most urgently needed. We would urge therefore that every means be taken by your committee to establish the liberal arts college and create it so that it can be in operation within the next year or so.

I want to point out there is one provision in here that would protect the staff of the college when they are transferred to the proposed college of liberal arts and sciences. We would hope that provision would be made so those people would not suffer loss of salary and their rights and benefits would be protected, such as sick leave, pen

sions, term life insurance, health insurance, et cetera. I don't believe there is provision in the present bill, in either S. 293 or S. 1612, that would do this.

Senator MORSE. As I said yesterday, Miss Griffith, it is not the intention of the chairman that they suffer such inequity. It is something that must be worked out.

Miss GRIFFITH. We wanted to call this to your attention also we would hope that some financial provisions would be made to accompany this authorization of the college because otherwise the plans might suffer unnecessary delay. Either S. 293 or the S. 1612, if adopted would establish a board of higher education which would have control over the junior college and the 4-year liberal arts college. This, I think, will be our main part of our statement. And may I add just a personal comment. I happen to have graduated from the Wilson Normal School which provided a 2-year college program. I believe that this college and the Miner Normal School has made a major contribution in providing teachers for the District of Columbia and more than ever have they served with devotion for years after their graduation and fully paid for the education that they have received, and I feel that the liberal arts college and the junior college would do the same for the residents of the District and provide a way that parents can send their children to higher education with some degree of being able to give their children the privilege which the new world demands of them.

Thank you very much.

Senator MORSE. Thank you. And express to the District of Columbia Education Association my appreciation.

Miss GRIFFITH. Thank you very much.

Senator MORSE. Our next witness will be Mr. Kenneth G. Franklin, president, student council, District of Columbia Teachers College. Is Mr. Franklin here?

I am so glad, Mr. Franklin, that we have some student representation at these hearings. We are glad to have you.


Mr. FRANKLIN. My comments today are not of a statistical nature. They are more or less personal. And I put it in the first person because I figure that, if it is multiplied by x, you will have how each Washingtonian feels.

I hope I do not step on too many people's toes, but too many times have I been accused of not doing anything or not having said anything to the people who are in charge.

So first of all I thank all of you for the opportunity given to me today to express my opinions.

First, I speak on Congress. Congress owes me a debt and an enormous debt. Far too long has it made use of my city, its people, officials, employees, and taxes therefrom collected, so, as of today, I demand payment. I do not vote for any part of Congress but I help to pay its salaries, expenses, and privileges. If I get no single downpayment, I truly hope that God will take action because of my being neglected years more than one cares to mention.

60-755 0-6612

Then, too, I hope that Congress has enough insight to deem it necessary and sufficient to take action to get a 4-year community college as well as a 2-year community junior college. I address this to the anonymous. I truly do not know who has, in the past, decided to spend such large sums of the taxpayers' money to repaint our District of Columbia Teachers College. It was previously mentioned how antiquated it is. I dare say that as of yet the public has no idea as to how "responsible"-that is in quotations-persons have unwisely, with a question mark, spent tax money.

I often ask myself, does Washington, D.C., really exist. I was born here. I have been educated here, and eventually I hope to work here. According to science I do exist but politically I do not. I look at this itemized list of questions. Do good job opportunities compensate for my not having the right to vote?

Should I sing the national anthem with sincere feeling as I do, though I am not a real and full U.S. citizen?

Should I pledge allegiance to the flag and die for my country, which is the symbol of freedom, and Washington is the Capital of such a great Nation? Should I be given choice as to what profession I wish to enter in this city?

Do I get pleasure from watching others coming here to go to Capitol Hill to their Congressmen in my city, on my streets, using taxi cabs provided by my fellow citizens?

What if it fails-because most of the area, private institutions of higher learning do not want an adequate institution of higher learning which will lower their enrollment, supposedly-suppose that I not be given that which is rightly mine?

Question: On District of Columbia Teachers College. Neither could I mention too often the adequacy of its faculty or its student body, which was mentioned previously, about an average student. Again I say, the above are adequate but not for physical plans of the college.

My first complaint. The library has a great number of worthy volumes, though each rain causes some of the waterlogged books to be thrown away; taxpayers' money gone. Two, the registrar's office is very efficient in functioning but each rain causes raindrops to fall from through the ceiling and trash cans have to be put out to catch the raindrops and they have to close shop for the day. Taxpayers' money gone.

The rooms are of an appropriate size for the class but have chipped and peeling walls caused by rain. They seem to be painted just before we are up for evaluation of another term of accreditation.

Here I might mention, in the Washington Post, and with a little conceit, there was a picture of me with an umbrella standing inside. That was because the rain was coming in, which is a fire hazard, which caused the shortage in the fire alarm system. We had a false, false fire alarm.

The third floor rooms are of no use since they were condemned at least 5 years ago in the Miner Building and 27 years ago in the Wilson Building. The auditorium at the Miner Building-as Mrs. Fletcher who has done an excellent job with the dramatics in our school knows-we have no up-to-date stage outlay. We have no capacity for any type of program that we want to give that includes people other than the students at the college. We have no acoustical structures.

« PreviousContinue »