Scientific Development and Misconceptions Through the Ages: A Reference Guide
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 286 pages
The evolution of science through the ages has often been marred by people's misconceptions. From pre-historic times, when myths played a major role in people's lives, to present-day debates concerning the environment, people have sought ways to explain the world around them and have often come up with incorrect answers. Science has grown through the correction of these misconceptions. This unique reference source can be used by students, teachers, and other interested researchers to explore this growth as it pertains to both the field of science and the process of scientific experimentation. Readers will discover how misunderstandings led to further experimentation and eventually to scientific facts.
These false paths to scientific knowledge are not treated as deliberate misconduct, but rather as a lack of knowledge and a misunderstanding of the science and technology involved, both of which were sooner or later corrected by men and women of science. Krebs explores the conception and development of scientific thought in five different fields: Medicine and Health; Life Science; Chemistry and Physics; Astrology, Astronomy, and Cosmology; and Conservation, Ecology, and Environmentalism. Within each of these categories, he explores more specific areas, such as the circulatory system, geology, and inner planets. This arrangement provides easy access for the researcher interested in a particular area of science as well as those looking for general information, illuminating how our modern understanding of science is based on much of the developments in our ancient past.
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Some knowledge was found useful, some not so useful. Not only did knowledge
accumulate but so did the methods, techniques and instruments for gaining
knowledge. (Which came first, the knowledge or methods and instruments of
Alan Cromer (1993) in his book, Uncommon Sense: The Heretical Nature of
Science, postulates that science was not a natural sequence and accumulation of
invention, discovery, and knowledge from ancient to modern times. His position is
Knowledge, especially that is gained through experience. Definitions 2, 3, and 4
are not considered adequate definitions for pure science because they apply to
just about any type of human intellectual endeavor. For instance, empirical or ...
more important, science is also the methods or processes (verb) we use to arrive
at the knowledge that leads to the product. Charles Singer in his book, A History
of Scientific Ideas (1966, p. 2), refers to science as the process of making ...
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