Scientific Development and Misconceptions Through the Ages: A Reference Guide
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 286 pages
These false paths to scientific knowledge are not treated as deliberate misconduct, but rather as a lack of knowledge and a misunderstanding of the science and technology involved, both of which were sooner or later corrected by men and women of science. Krebs explores the conception and development of scientific thought in five different fields: Medicine and Health; Life Science; Chemistry and Physics; Astrology, Astronomy, and Cosmology; and Conservation, Ecology, and Environmentalism. Within each of these categories, he explores more specific areas, such as the circulatory system, geology, and inner planets. This arrangement provides easy access for the researcher interested in a particular area of science as well as those looking for general information, illuminating how our modern understanding of science is based on much of the developments in our ancient past.
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... that men never landed on the moon , that Elvis lives , that alien spaceships have landed on Earth , and that diseases are not caused by microorganisms .
They also recognized cause - and - effect relationships between natural phenomena , for example , clouds and lightning accompany thunder , rain , and floods ...
In essence , we now think of this as a refinement of the concepts of cause and effect and correlation , that is , the recognition of relationships between ...
Association between cause and effect ; Forming hypotheses — Asking answerable questions ; Controlling variables— Experimentation , research , testing ...
... was attempted by drilling holes in skulls of patients either to let evil spirits causing insanity escape , or to relieve headaches or other illnesses .