Scientific Development and Misconceptions Through the Ages: A Reference Guide

Front Cover
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 286 pages

The evolution of science through the ages has often been marred by people's misconceptions. From pre-historic times, when myths played a major role in people's lives, to present-day debates concerning the environment, people have sought ways to explain the world around them and have often come up with incorrect answers. Science has grown through the correction of these misconceptions. This unique reference source can be used by students, teachers, and other interested researchers to explore this growth as it pertains to both the field of science and the process of scientific experimentation. Readers will discover how misunderstandings led to further experimentation and eventually to scientific facts.

These false paths to scientific knowledge are not treated as deliberate misconduct, but rather as a lack of knowledge and a misunderstanding of the science and technology involved, both of which were sooner or later corrected by men and women of science. Krebs explores the conception and development of scientific thought in five different fields: Medicine and Health; Life Science; Chemistry and Physics; Astrology, Astronomy, and Cosmology; and Conservation, Ecology, and Environmentalism. Within each of these categories, he explores more specific areas, such as the circulatory system, geology, and inner planets. This arrangement provides easy access for the researcher interested in a particular area of science as well as those looking for general information, illuminating how our modern understanding of science is based on much of the developments in our ancient past.

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Contents

I
1
II
17
III
65
IV
105
V
161
VI
211
Copyright

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Page 6 - In practice, science is the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of natural phenomena.
Page 10 - Every man has a right to his opinion, but no man has a right to be wrong in his facts.
Page 53 - Sugars and added) (added) These symbols show that fat and added sugars come mostly from fats, oils, and sweets, but can be part of or added to foods from the other food groups as well. Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, & Nuts Group 2-3 SERVINGS Vegetable Group 3-5 SERVINGS...
Page 83 - The law of gravitation, which states that the attractive force between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them, can be put in simple mathematical form, but this equation is only a picture of how gravitation acts. It is not a picture of gravitation. Likewise, the physicists realize that their complicated mathematical expressions...
Page 223 - ... energy. The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can change form.
Page 116 - Countries at the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance.
Page 256 - The most potent cancer-causing agent in our food supply is a substance sprayed on the apples to keep them on the trees longer and make them look better.
Page 4 - ... from the middle of the seventeenth century to the middle of the nineteenth.
Page 146 - This law states that the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure (temperature remaining constant).

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About the author (1999)

ROBERT E. KREBS is the retired Associate Dean for Research at the University of Illinois Health Sciences Center. He is the author of The History and Use of Our Earth's Chemical Elements (Greenwood Press, 1998).

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