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NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS
The National Bureau of Standards' was established by an act of Congress on March 3, 1901. The Bureau's overall goal is to strengthen and advance the Nation's science and technology and facilitate their effective application for public benefit. To this end, the Bureau conducts research and provides: (1) a basis for the Nation's physical measurement system, (2) scientific and technological services for industry and government, (3) a technical basis for equity in trade, and (4) technical services to promote public safety. The Bureau's technical work is performed by the National Measurement Laboratory, the National Engineering Laboratory, and the Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology,
THE NATIONAL MEASUREMENT LABORATORY provides the national system of physical and chemical and materials measurement; coordinates the system with measurement systems of other nations and furnishes essential services leading to accurate and unitorm physical and chemical measurement throughout the Nation's scientific community, industry, and commerce; conducts materials research leading to improved methods of measurement, standards, and data on the properties of materials needed by industry, commerce, educational institutions, and Government; provides advisory and research services to other Government agencies; develops, produces, and distributes Standard Reference Materials; and provides calibration services. The Laboratory consists of the following centers:
Absolute Physical Quantities: – Radiation Research – Thermodynamics and
THE NATIONAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY provides technology and technical services to the public and private sectors to address national needs and to solve national problems; conducts research in engineering and applied science in support of these efforts; builds and maintains competence in the necessary disciplines required to carry out this research and technical service; develops engineering data and measurement capabilities; provides engineering measurement traceability services; develops test methods and proposes engineering standards and code changes; devy "ps and proposes new engineering practices; and develops and improves mechanisms to tra er results of its research to the ultimate user. The Laboratory consists of the following centers:
Applied Mathematics – Electronics and Electrical Engineering? – Mechanical
THE INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY conducts research and provides scientific and technical services to aid Federal agencies in the selection, acquisition, application, and use of computer technology to improve effectiveness and economy in Government operations in accordance with Public Law 89-306 (40 U.S.C. 759), relevant Executive Orders, and other directives; carries out this mission by managing the Federal Information Processing Standards Program, developing Federal ADP standards guidelines, and managing Federal participation in ADP voluntary standardization activities; provides scientific and technological advisory services and assistance to Federal agencies; and provides the technical foundation for computer-related policies of the Federal Government. The Institute consists of the following centers:
Programming Science and Technology – Computer Systems Engineering.
"Headquarters and Laboratories at Gaithersburg, MD, unless otherwise noted;
Development of a Probability Based Load Criterion
Building Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, Philip M. Klutznick, Secretary
Luther H. Hodges, Jr., Deputy Secretary
Jordan J. Baruch, Assistant Secretary for Productivity, Technology and Innovation
Issued June 1980
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 80-600067
National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 577
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402
Recommended load factors and load combinations are presented which are compatible
with the loads in the proposed 1980 version of American National Standard A58, Building
Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads in Buildings and Other Structures.
effects considered are due to dead, occupancy live, snow, wind and earthquake loads.
load factors were developed using concepts of probabilistic limit states design which
incorporate state-of-the-art load and resistance models and available statistical information.
Reliabilities associated with representative structural members and elements designed
according to current (1979) structural specifications were calculated for reinforced and
prestressed concrete, structural steel, cold-formed steel, aluminum, masonry and glued
laminated timber construction.
The report presents the rationale for selecting the criterion
format and load factors and describes the methodology to be followed by material specification
groups for determining resistance factors consistent with the implied level of reliability
and the statistical data.
The load factors are intended to apply to all types of structural
materials used in building construction.
Aluminum; buildings (codes); design (buildings); concrete (prestressed);
concrete (reinforced); limit states; loads (forces); ma sonry; probability theory;
reliability; safety; specifications; standards; statistical analysis; steel;
structural engineering; timber.