Page images
[blocks in formation]

5. The sovereign power resides in the nation; all power emanates from it, and only exists for it.

6. Hellenians are-1. All the native Greeks who believe in Jesus Christ. 2. Those who, oppressed by the Ottoman yoke, and, believing in Jesus Christ, are come, or shall come, to Greece, to take up arms, or dwell there. 3. Those who are born abroad, of a Greek father, or those native and others, and their descendants, naturalized before the publication of the present constitution, and born abroad, who shall come to Greece and

take the oaths. 4. Foreigners who come to Greece and are there naturalized.

7. All Hellenians are equal in the eye of the law.

8. Every Hellenian shall be eligible, according to his personal ta. lents, to public employments, both political and military.

9. Foreigners who come to inhabit Greece for a time, or for ever, are equal to the Hellenians before the civil law.

10. The taxes shall be levied from the inhabitants of the state, with justice, and in proportion to the fortunes of individuals; but no tax can be levied without a law being promulgated, and no law for levying taxes can be published for more than one year.

11. The law guaranties the personal liberty of every individual; no person can be arrested or imprisoned, but according to law.

The life, the honour, and the property of all those who are within the bounds of the state, are under the protection of the laws.

13. No order to seek for, or arrest persons, or property, can be given, unless it be founded on sufficient proof, and unless the place of search be pointed out, as well as the persons and things which are to be arrested.

14. In all judicial proceedings, every one has a right to demand the cause and the nature of the accusation made against him; to reply to his accusers, and their witnesses, and to bring forward wit. nesses in his defence; to have counsel, and to require a speedy decision from the court.

15. No person shall be esteemed guilty till he is condemned.

16. No person is to be tried twice for the same offence, nor condemned and deprived of his property without a previous trial. A definitive judgment cannot be appealed from.

thoughts and opinions, without being subjected to any censorship, but always within the following limits:

1. Not to attack the Christian religion.

17. The government may re. quire private property to be given up for the public good, when sufficiently demonstrated, but previous indemnity must be granted.

2. Not to violate decency. 3. To avoid insults and personal calumny.

18. Torture and confiscation are abolished.

27. The Greek government bestows no title of nobility, and no Hellenian can, without the consent of his own government, receive a 19. The law cannot be made service, gift, recompense, employ. retroactive. ment, or title of any description whatever, from any monarch, prince, or foreign state.

28. The epithets of illustrious, excellency, &c. shall not be given to any Hellenian within the limits of the state; only the governor shall bear the name of excellency, which shall cease with his functions.

20. The Hellenians have a right to form establishments of every description, for science, for philanthropy, for industry and arts, and to select professors for their instruction.

21. In Greece it is not permit ted to buy and sell a man; every slave of every nation and of every religion, as soon as he places his foot on the Greek soil, his master can no longer pursue him.

22. No person can decline sub. mitting to his competent judge, nor be prevented from having recourse to him.

[blocks in formation]

29. No native, nor person naturalized and inhabiting Greece, and enjoying the rights of a citizen, can have recourse to foreign protection; in case he does, he ceases to be a citzen of Greece.

CHAP. 4.-Of Naturalization.

30. The government shall naturalize foreigners, who bring certificates from Greek functionaries, attesting: 1. That they have passed three whole years in the country; 2. That during this time they have not been visited by any infamous punishment; 3. That they have acquired within the state landed property of the value of at least 100 dollars.

31. Great actions and notorious services, during the need of the country, are sufficient claims to naturalization.

32. The government may also naturalize those foreigners who

[blocks in formation]

number of the senators shall compose a quorum.

56. No member shall leave the senate without the written and formal permission of the senate.

57. The senators are elected for three years, and the body shall be renewed by annual elections of one third each year. The 1st and 2d years the vacancies shall be determined by lot.

58. No member shall be elected twice in succession.

59. The senate shall commence its sessions the 1st of October of each year.

60. The sessions shall continue from 4 to 5 months.

61. A plurality of voices shall govern, and in case of an equality of votes, the president shall decide.

62. When the president is not a representative, he has no vote, except in case of a division; but when he is a representative, he shall vote in that character, and in case of a division shall also have a casting vote.

63. No representative shall be permitted to hold any other public office, nor to take any part directly or indirectly in the receipt of the public revenue, under pain of losing his seat.

64. The senators shall receive from the public treasury their full pay when they attend the sittings of the senate, and half pay when absent.

to account for what they may say in the senate.

68. The sittings of the senate shall be public, except when there is a necessity of declaring them secret, which shall be done by a majority of the members.

69. The members of the senate shall form themselves into permanent committees for the public service, and their duties shall be prescribed by the senate.

70. Any senator may, through the president, propose in writing the projet of a law to the senate.

71. The decrees and other official documents from the senate shall be signed by the president, countersigned by the first secretary, and sealed with the seal of the senate.

72. The first secretary shall record the decrees and acts of the senate, and correctly keep its archives and the minutes of its sittings.

65. No senator shall be arrested during the session, nor for 4 months before, nor 4 months after the session; but they may during the vacation be subjected to a judgment.

66. If they shall be condemned to a capital punishment, the judg. ment shall be executory.

67. Senators shall not be called

73. When the first secretary is absent, the second secretary shall perform his duties.

74. Every decree shall be presented to the president; if he approve it, he shall sanction it within. 15 days thereafter, and promulgate it as law; but if he do not approve it, he shall return it within 15 days to the senate, with his amendments and remarks, which shall be recorded by the senate, and referred to a competent committee to deliberate upon them, and to report them for revision. If the senate does not approve of the amendments, the decree shall be again sent to the president, who shall return it to the senate within 15 days, provided he still objects to it, with the reasons of his objections; and if the senate by a plu

rality of votes adheres to the de. cree, it shall be again sent to the president, who shall immediately sanction and promulgate it as a law of the state.

75. If towards the end of the session, a decree in discussion be. tween the president and the senate is not completed, the senate, at the next session, shall take into account the steps taken at the preceding session.

76. If a projet of a law, proposed by the president to the senate, is considered by that body, and sent to him three times without being accepted, he shall lose the right.

77. Upon the opening of the session, an estimate of the public expenses, submitted by the government, having been discussed, appropriations for the necessary expenses of the government shail be made by the senate.

78. A statement in detail of the expenses and revenues of the preceding year, and of the public debt, shall be made annually to the senate, which the secretary of finance shall record and cause to be pub. lished.

79. It shall take care of the sinking fund and of the regular payment of the interest of the public debt.

80. It shall regulate, by law, the direct and indirect taxes, and the other contributions which are to be levied throughout the state by vir tue of article 10.

81. It shall pass a law to make a loan upon the guaranty of the na. tion, or upon a mortgage of the national property.

82. It shall authorize the aliena. tion of the public property. This shall be sold as soon as possible in all the provinces, and notice shall

be regularly given of the sales, by the executive power in each pro vince.

83. It shall guard the public treasury, and as often as is necessary shall demand the accounts of the secretary of finance, always granting sufficient time to register them.

84. Any representative may require from the secretaries the ne. cessary information upon matters before the senate.

85. The senate shall regulate the currency, and fix the weight, the quality, the form and name of the coins.

86. It shall watch over and foster public education, the freedom of the press, agriculture, commerce, the sciences, and arts, and industry. It shall secure by law to inventors, and authors, the exclusive right for a limited period to the profits of their productions.

87. It shall make laws relative to captures.

88. It shall make laws against piracy.

89. It shall regulate the mode of recruiting the army by enrol


90. It shall provide for constructing and purchasing national vessels.

91. It shall take charge of the national property.

92. It shall provide for the farming of the national domains, and the indirect taxes.

93. It shall establish one kind of weights and measures throughout

the state.

94. It shall fix the compensation of the president, secretaries and judges.

95. It shall declare the bounda ries of the provinces, and the kind of administration best adapted to the interests of the inhabitans.

« PreviousContinue »