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tion to the disposal of a large portion of the revenue of this province, may be persisted in.

3. That under no circumstances, and upon no considerations what soever, ought this house to aban. don, or in any way compromise, its inherent and constitutional right, as a branch of the provisional par. liament representing his majesty's subjects in this colony, to superintend and control the receipt and expenditure of the whole public revenue arising within this province.

4. That any legislative enactment in this matter by the parliament of the united kingdom, in which his majesty's subjects in this province are not and cannot be represented, unless it were for the repeal of such British statutes, or any part of British statutes, as may be held by his majesty's government to militate against the constitutional right of the subject in this colony, could in no way tend to a settlement of the affairs of the province.

5. That no interference of the British legislature with the established constitution and laws of this province, excepting on such points as from the relation between the mother country and the Ca. nadas can only be disposed of by the paramount authority of the British parliament, can in any way tend to the final adjustment of any difficulties or misunderstandings which may exist in this province, but rather to aggravate and perpetuate them.

6. That in order to meet the difficulties of the ensuing year, and to second the gracious intentions of his majesty for the permanent settlement of the financial concerns of the province, with due regard to

the interests and efficiency of his government, this house will most respectfully consider any estimate for the necessary expenses of the civil government for the ensuing year, which may be laid before it, confidently trusting, that in any such estimate a due regard will be had to that economy which the present circumstances of the country and its other wants require.

7. That on the permanent settlement before mentioned being effected, with the consent of this house, it will be expedient to render the governor, lieutenant go. vernor, or any person administering the government, for the time being, the judges and executive councillors, independent of the annual vote of this house, to the extent of their present salaries.

8. That although this house feels most grateful for the increased security against the illegal applica. tion of the public money which must result from his majesty's government referring all persons who may have been concerned in such application to an act of indemnity to be consented to by this house, it will be inexpedient to consent to any such enactment, till the full extent and character of such illegal application may have been fully inquired into and considered.

9. That this house feels the most sincere gratitude for his majesty's solicitude to effect the most perfect security against the recur rence of abuses on the part of per. sons intrusted with public moneys in this province.

10. That this house has not complained, nor have any complaints been made known to it, respecting the arbitration for the distribution between the provinces of Upper ment the painful and invidious duty

and Lower Canada of the duties collected in Lower Canada; but that in this, as in every other respect, this house will most cheerfully co-operate in every equitable and constitutional measure which may be submitted to it as desira. ble by the inhabitants of Upper Canada.

11. That this house has seen with sentiments of the highest satisfaction and gratitude, the declaration of the willingness of his majesty's government cheerfully to accede to the desires which the assembly has so frequently expressed, during the last twenty years, of having an agent in England to indicate the wishes of the inhabitants of Lower Canada; and that it is expedient to provide for such an appointment without delay.

12. That so soon as the scheme in contemplation of his majesty's government for the permanent settlement of the financial concerns of the province shall have been made known and considered, it may be expedient to provide some adequate indemnity to such persons as were placed on the civil es. tablishment of this province with salaries prior to the year 1818, and whose offices may have been found to be unnecessary, or require to be abolished.

13. That this house will cheerfully consent in any measure which may appear most likely to be successful in effectually removing the great inconvenience which has been sustained from the non-performance of the duties of settle. ment by grantees or holders of land obtained from the crown, and otherwise remove the obstructions to the settlement of the country which may have resulted, or may

hereafter result, from the manner in which the powers and superintendence of the crownl in the most essential particular as effecting the general prosperity of the province, may have been exerted.

14. That it is the desire of this house to take as speedily as possible every measure in its power, that the inhabi. tants of the townships, upon a subdivision of the counties in which they are situated, by act of the provincial parliament, shall have a full and equitable representation in this house, of persons of their own free choice; and that the house will cheerfully concur in every measure which may appear to be most desirable to their inhabitants, and most conducive to the general wel. fare.

15. That this house is fully sen sible of the distinguished mark of confidence reposed in the loyalty and attachment hitherto evinced by his majesty's Canadian subjects and their representatives in the provincial parliament, by his majesty's declaration that he relies on them for an amicable adjustment of the various questions which have been so long in dispute.

16. That amongst these ques. tions not particularly mentioned on the present occasion, this house holds as most desirable to be adjusted and most essential to the future peace, welfare, and good government of the province, viz.:

The independence of the judges, and their removal from the political business of the province.

The responsibility and accounta bility of public officers.

A greater independence of sup. port from the public revenue, and more intimate connexion with the interests of the colony, in the

composition of the legislative council.

The application of the late property of the Jesuits to the purpose of general education.

The removal of all obstructions to the settlement of the country, particularly by the crown and clergy reserves remaining unoccupied in the neighbourhood of roads and settlements, and exempt from the common burthens;

And a diligent inquiry into, and a ready redress of, all grievances and abuses which may be found to exist, or which may have been peti

tioned against by the subjects in this province, thereby assuring to all the invaluable benefit of an impartial, conciliatory and constitu. tional government, and restoring a well-founded and reciprocal confi. dence between the governors and the governed.

That an humble address be presented to his excellency the administrator of the government, with


copy of the foregoing resolutions, humbly praying that he would be pleased to submit the same to his majesty's government in England.


York, U. C.

His Excellency addressed both Houses of the Provincial Parliament in the following Speech: Honourable Gentlemen of the Legislative Council, and Gentlemen of the House of Assembly.

At the time of my assuming the government which his Majesty has been pleased to commit to my charge, I was desirous of meeting you in provincial parliament at an earlier period than the present: but the interests of the country have been best consulted by convening you at a season when little embarrassment, or inconvenience, can be experienced in any district, from your being called to your legislative duties.

In recommending your immediate and earnest attention to be directed to affairs that are closely connected with the welfare of the colony, I must remark, that no surer proofs of your vigilance and judgment can be adduced, than the prosperity, happiness and contentment of his

Majesty's faithful Canadian subjects; and I trust, if the public good be exclusively and diligently considered, in the exercise of your important functions, that those ends will be assured, and that the beneficial effects of your proceedings will soon be apparent in every part of the province.

Gentlemen of the House of Assembly,

I have ordered the estimates of the present year, and the public accounts, to be laid before you.

The commands of his majesty that have relation to the several addresses of the House of Assembly of the last parliament, shall be communicated to you.

Honourable Gentlemen, and Gentlemen,

The laws that are about to expire will require your consideration. The repeal of the act, entitled, "An act for better securing this Province," &c. passed in the 44th year of the late king, is, I think, advisable, as it seldom can be applied to cases which it was intended to meet.

The report of the arbitrators on

the part of Upper and Lower Cana. da, for ascertaining the proportion of duties to be paid to this province, has been transmitted to me; and it must be satisfactory to you to be informed, that on that question, an equitable arrangement has taken place.

The public schools are general. ly increasing, but their present organization appears susceptible of improvement.

Measures will be adopted, I hope, to reform the Royal Grammar School, and to incorporate it with the university recently endowed by his majesty, and to introduce a sys. tem in that seminary that will open to the youth of the province the means of receiving a liberal and extensive course of instruction. Unceasing exertion should be made to attract able masters to this country, where the population bears no pro. portion to the number of officers and employments, that must necessarily be held by men of education and acquirements, for the support of the laws, and of your free institutions.


The expense already incurred in carrying on the works in the Gore and Niagara districts has been con. siderable, but few will regret that they have been undertaken. enterprises can, at first, be seldom duly appreciated. It is obvious, however, that the value of the pro. ductions of your soil can never be known, unless you have canals, and good internal communications, to facilitate your commercial in tercourse with the vast empire of which you form a part.

From the observations of the Deputy Post-Master-General at Quebec, to which I shall draw your attention, respecting the impossibility of forwarding the mails with either expedition or safety, I am per

suaded that some better expedient than statute labour must be resort ed to for maintaining the roads in a proper state.

The sums expended on the useful works now in progress, circulate in their natural channels, remain in the province, enrich it, and promote industry. On the extent of protec tion and encouragement afforded to projects of this kind;-and on your being prepared, by means of the essential aid of well organized institutions, for the reception and location of every description of set. tler, the agricultural interests of the colony, and the advance of its commerce, will be found chiefly to depend.

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order that his majesty's govern. ment may have full security for the appropriation to the intended purpose of the sums produced by such sale, it is his majesty's command, that the agent, to whom the purchase money is paid, shall be instructed to retain in his hands one third of the amount in each case, until a certificate shall be trans

mitted by the governor or officer commanding in the province, that the officer is actually settled. The reserved money will then be paid to him.

By command of the right honourable, the general commanding in chief.



Speech of citizen Guadaloupe Victoria, President of the Mexican United States, delivered in the hall of the Congress of the Union, at the regular session, May 21, 1828.

Citizens Representatives and Senators

of the Congress of the Union: At the beginning of this year, and of the second term of the congress of the union, the republic experienced a crisis, and the institutions to which we had pleged our oath, and which the people has maintained, were exposed to a violent attack. The Mexican na. tion achieved its liberty by great efforts, confirmed its independence by means of costly sacrifices, and felt secure that if danger threatened, it would be fearlessly met, in defence of a system which places our country on a level with the most refined and fortunate nations. Events have proved the justness of this anticipation. By the unanimous expression of opinion, the project of a revolution was condemned, and anarchy saw its vain hopes dissipated, and became con. vinced of its own impotence. The people, the congress, the govern. ment, saved the constitution, saved the political existence of the great Mexican nation.

The cry of universal indignation drowned that of the discontented, and they plunged themselves into the abyss which they had endeavoured to open for their country. The government did not alter its course, and public spirit being confirmed by the triumphs of the cause of liberty, the congress and the executive were able to devote them. selves to the exact discharge of their duties, as soon as they had fulfilled the sacred and important one, of giving domestic peace to the republic.

The very efforts which were made to disturb the public order, only served to give it more stability, and there is no corner in the vast extent of the United Mexican States, which does not fully enjoy it.

During the session, the treaty of boundaries between this republic and the United States of North America has been approved, and after being ratified by the government, has been sent for an exchange of ratifications to our mi、

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