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• State systems offer more job opportunities to the public service job-seeker in terms of both current job vacancies and yearly job openings.
• County jurisdictions provide the least opportunity in terms of current vacancies and yearly job openings.
any given time, there are close to 360,000 vacant
ere are more than three-quarters of a million state local government job opportunities developing n a year-exclusive of positions in educational utions.
EMPLOYING THE UNSKILLED WORKER I. PUBLICIZING JOB OPENINGS AND OPPORTUNITIES
METHODS USED TO PUBLICIZE OPPORTUNITIES EXAM ANNOUNCEMENTS
LOOAL NEWSPAPER ADS
RADIO AND TV
REFERRALS FROM PRESENT EMPLOYEES
II. QUALIFICATIONS AND FITNESS STANDARDS NORMALLY REQUIRED
A. TOTAL REPLIES-301 of 357 STATES, COUNTIES, & CITY SYSTEMS
45/18% 46/13% 38/16%
• Requests to political and labor organizations along with radio and TV spot announcements are the leas favored methods of recruiting unskilled workers to public employment.
- In fact, three out of four city systems report tai they never use political organizations to recrul unskilled employees.
66% GRAMMAR SCHOOL
80% 90% 100%
B. STATE REPLIES—33 of 45 STATE SYSTEMS
TER and TABILITY
30% QUALIFICATIONS INVESTIGATIONS
64% ARREST AND/OR CONVICTION RECORD
18% PERFORMANCE TESTS
24% ORAL TESTS
48% WRITTEN TESTS
30% HIGH SCHOOL
82% GRAMMAR SCHOOL
64% GRAMMAR SCHOOL
require more schooling in filling unskilled than local government systems. governments make less use of written tests te jurisdictions but more use of oral or pere testing methods.
generally call for experience in unskilled posia greater degree than do local governments.
• States apparently place less stress on arrest and/or
III. UNSKILLED POSITIONS—METHODS USED TO SELECT CANDIDATES FOR APPOINTMENT
A variety of methods are commonly used in person- ing or ranking on a list. Over 300 of the state and loca nel systems to help appointing officials select qualified government personnel systems in responding to the candidates for vacant positions. These range from question of methods used to select candidates for mandatory selection of the highest ranking candidate unskilled positions showed the following results. to selection of any qualified person regardless of stand
In response to a series of questions on the promotion programs for unskilled employees, 302 personnel systems reported that: • One-third (36.0%) had no established promotion
program for their unskilled employees. Each ac-
-Trial in New Job
• One-half (53%) used a uniform promotion program
throughout the jurisdiction.
(77%) in a list of factors normally used in promo-
50% -Supervisory Evaluation
• Three-quarters of the personnel offices reported
that promotional opportunities were announced and unskilled employees invited to apply. -Cities (82%) are more apt to announce pre
motional opportunities and invite employees
to apply than states (67%) or counties (67% • Less than one-fifth (18%) of all the jurisdictions de
not announce promotional opportunities but in cate that all qualified unskilled employees ** automatically considered for promotions