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• State systems offer more job opportunities to the public service job-seeker in terms of both current job vacancies and yearly job openings.

• County jurisdictions provide the least opportunity in terms of current vacancies and yearly job openings.

EXTRAPOLATED
CURRENT VACANCIES

EXTRAPOLATED YEARLY
TURNOVER OPENINGS

any given time, there are close to 360,000 vacant
and local government jobs—exclusive of positions
lucational institutions.

ere are more than three-quarters of a million state local government job opportunities developing n a year-exclusive of positions in educational utions.

RING 1971

EMPLOYING THE UNSKILLED WORKER I. PUBLICIZING JOB OPENINGS AND OPPORTUNITIES

METHODS USED TO PUBLICIZE OPPORTUNITIES EXAM ANNOUNCEMENTS

USED

ALWAYS/Otten
STATE COUNTY

CITY

55/15%

49/6%

LOOAL NEWSPAPER ADS

12/30%

23/25%

6/9%

RADIO AND TV
SPOT ANNOUNCEMENTS
LOCAL EMPLOYMENT SERVICES

3/0%

30/24%

14/22%

REQUESTS TO
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS

0/0%

3/3%

REQUESTS TO
POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS

3/3%

2/3%

REFERRALS FROM PRESENT EMPLOYEES

6/24%

15/21 %

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II. QUALIFICATIONS AND FITNESS STANDARDS NORMALLY REQUIRED

A. TOTAL REPLIES-301 of 357 STATES, COUNTIES, & CITY SYSTEMS

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USED
Sometimes/NEVER
STATE COUNTY CITY
12/12% 9/22% 9/25%
42/15% 39/4% 27/9%

48/5%

29/29%

3/5%

42/33%

28/49% 32/42%
36/19% | 28/12%

21/26%

24/12%

4/5%

12/55%

15/62%

20/53%

1/1%

12/40%

8/68%

5/74%

23/30%

52/12%

47/11%

39/5%

10/23%

45/18% 46/13% 38/16%

• Requests to political and labor organizations along with radio and TV spot announcements are the leas favored methods of recruiting unskilled workers to public employment.

- In fact, three out of four city systems report tai they never use political organizations to recrul unskilled employees.

62% EXPERIENCE

66% GRAMMAR SCHOOL

10%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80% 90% 100%

GOOD GOVERNMENT

B. STATE REPLIES—33 of 45 STATE SYSTEMS

DCALITY

39% RESIDENCE

TER and TABILITY

30% QUALIFICATIONS INVESTIGATIONS

64% ARREST AND/OR CONVICTION RECORD

- FACTOR

18% PERFORMANCE TESTS

24% ORAL TESTS

METHODS

48% WRITTEN TESTS

EDUCATION

30% HIGH SCHOOL

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76% EXPERIENCE

82% GRAMMAR SCHOOL

70%

80%

90%

100%

64% GRAMMAR SCHOOL

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%

require more schooling in filling unskilled than local government systems. governments make less use of written tests te jurisdictions but more use of oral or pere testing methods.

generally call for experience in unskilled posia greater degree than do local governments.

• States apparently place less stress on arrest and/or
conviction records or qualifications investigations than
do local governments in selecting candidates for un-
skilled positions.
• Local governments are more flexible about residence
requirements for unskilled positions than state juris-
dictions.

III. UNSKILLED POSITIONSMETHODS USED TO SELECT CANDIDATES FOR APPOINTMENT

A variety of methods are commonly used in person- ing or ranking on a list. Over 300 of the state and loca nel systems to help appointing officials select qualified government personnel systems in responding to the candidates for vacant positions. These range from question of methods used to select candidates for mandatory selection of the highest ranking candidate unskilled positions showed the following results. to selection of any qualified person regardless of stand

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445

39%

In response to a series of questions on the promotion programs for unskilled employees, 302 personnel systems reported that: • One-third (36.0%) had no established promotion

program for their unskilled employees. Each ac-
tion was handled on an individual basis.

-Trial in New Job
-Written Exam
-Oral Exam
- Education

• One-half (53%) used a uniform promotion program

throughout the jurisdiction.
• Performance on the present job ranked highest

(77%) in a list of factors normally used in promo-
tion standards; followed by:
-General Experience

63% -Seniority

50% -Supervisory Evaluation

46%

• Three-quarters of the personnel offices reported

that promotional opportunities were announced and unskilled employees invited to apply. -Cities (82%) are more apt to announce pre

motional opportunities and invite employees

to apply than states (67%) or counties (67% • Less than one-fifth (18%) of all the jurisdictions de

not announce promotional opportunities but in cate that all qualified unskilled employees ** automatically considered for promotions

G000 GOVERNMENT

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HIRING THE SKILLED WORKER JZING JOB OPENINGS AND OPPORTUNITIES

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METHODS USED TO
UBLICIZE OPPORTUNITIES
AM ANNOUNCEMENTS
CAL NEWSPAPER ADS
ADIO AND TV
POT ANNOUNCEMENTS
OCAL EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
REQUESTS TO
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS
REQUESTS TO
POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS

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