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1/ State Liaison Officers are appointed by the Governors to be responsible for State activities under the National Historic Preservation Act.

Appendix A (Refer to Paragraph 5d)

processing of the undertaking pending the receipt of comments from the Advisory Council. (4) Provide written notice affording the Advisory Council an opportunity to comment upon doubtful or unresolved situations of adverse effect and upon request submit a report of the undertaking.

2. If there is a finding of adverse effect, the proposed highway section is to be processed in accordance with these procedures and the Office of Environmental Policy should be notified and kept informed of further developments. If it becomes necessary to provide a written notice affording the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation an opportunity to comment in doubtful or unresolved situations of adverse effect, the Office of Environmental Policy will act as the coordinating element for the FHWA.

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Appendix B (Refer to
Paragraph 5e(1)


September 7, 1972

Mr. John Doe

Division Engineer

Federal Highway Administration

Dear Mr. Doe:

The initial phases (PE - ROW) for the proposed improvement of State Route 35 between State Route 64 and Springfield were accomplished without Federal-aid highway funds. Preliminary drawings, which included the elements outlined in paragraph 10b(1)(b) of PPM 20-8, were commented upon in your letters of August 18, 1966, and September 12, 1967. We have, therefore, determined that your review and comments were equivalent to design approval of this project.

For your convenience we have included below a space for your concurrence in our determination.

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September 7, 1972

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Appendix D

PPM 90-1

September 7, 1972


Transmittal 257

September 7, 1972


1. Environmental statements and combination environmental/Section 4(f) statements (draft and final) shall have a title page similar to the examples attached to this Appendix and numbered by the method shown.

2. The following sections, as a minimum, are to be covered in environmental statements:


A description of the proposed highway improvement and its surroundings. The description should include the following type information: type of facility; length; termini; traffic data; right-of-way width (including existing ROW); lengths on existing and new location; major design features such as number of lanes, access control, location of bridges and interchanges, etc.; a general description of the surrounding terrain, existing land use and proposed land use (a map preferable), and other existing environmental features; existing highway facilities including their deficiencies; the need for the proposal; the benefits to the State, region, and community; an estimate of when the proposal will be constructed; and the current status of the proposal with a brief historical resume. Inventory of economic factors such as employment, taxes, property values, etc., should be included as appropriate. The description should also include any involvement with Section 4(f) land (Paragraph 3 of this Appendix). A vicintiy map(s) shall be furnished which will show the proposed highway section and its relationship to surrounding natural and cultural features such as towns, lakes, streams, mountains, historic sites, landmarks, institutions, developed areas, principal roads and highways and similar features that are pertinent to a highway study. Detailed maps, sketches, pictures, and other visual exhibits should be used to show specific environmental involvements as necessary. Maps and layouts of the proposed highway/Section 4(f) land involvement should be sufficiently detailed to give a layman reviewer a reasonable understanding of the highway impact and proposed measures to minimize harm.

b. The probable impact of the proposed development or improvement. The evaluation and discussion should specifically emphasize significant beneficial and detrimental environmental consequences upon the State or region or community, as appropriate, of building a new highway into or through an area, or modernizing the existing highway by upgrading and/or relocation.

(1) This section, for instance, would discuss and evaluate the broad impacts on the area or region such as the problems relating

Appendix E (Refer to Paragraphs 6b and 6i)

to anticipated increase in urbanization or the probable impact of displacing people (if these are significant elements of the highway proposal). Efforts to minimize impact should also be discussed in broad items. For example, measures necessary to insure proper rehousing should be discussed and other differences of the alternatives. The significant environmental impacts of alternative locations and, as appropriate, designs, including a "do nothing" alternative is a proper subject for discussion under "Alternatives" paragraph 2d of this Appendix.

(2) Impacts upon the narrow band (i. e., about 1000 feet) adjacent, to the highway may be included when significant to the whole of the region or community. However, the discussions under this section should address the probable significant impacts of the highway proposal (as opposed to individual alternative locations or designs) which might include the probable impact upon such elements, factors, and features listed in paragraph 3 of Appendix F.

C. Any probable adverse environmental effects which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented such as water or air pollution, effect upon Section 4(f) land, damage to life systems, urban congestion, threats to health or other consequences adverse to the environment identified under paragraph 2b of this Appendix. Adverse effects should include those which cannot be reduced in severity and those which can be reduced (but not eliminated) to an acceptable level unless the reduction is a result of a different location in which case it should be included in the discussion of alternatives (paragraph 2d of this Appendix).


Alternatives: The locations and/or designs studied in detail by the HA are to be described (narratively and with maps and other visual aids, as necessary) and the probable beneficial and/or adverse effects of each alternate (including a do-nothing alternative) identified to the extent practicable consistent with the scale of the proposed highway improvement and significance of the impact. The exploration of alternatives should include an objective evaluation and analysis of estimated costs (social and transportation), engineering factors, transportation requirements, and environmental consequences. The description of alternatives will include information, as appropriate, similar to that suggested in paragraph 2a of this Appendix. The discussion of environmental impacts will include more detailed impacts for each alternative that the broad environmental consequences for the corridor identified in paragraphs 2 b and 2c of this Appendix. The draft environmental statement should indicate that all alternatives are under consideration and that a specific alternative will be

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