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MENT OF LABOR AUTHORIZATION: immigration and Nationality Act of 1952; Public

Law 89-236. OBJECTIVES: To protect jobs of American workers by assuring that

the immigration of nonagricultural workers will not adversely

affect their wages and working conditions. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Provision of Specialized Services. USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Aliens who seeks to immigrate to

the United States for employment shall be excluded from admission unless the Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to the Secretary of State and to the Attorney General that there are not sufficient U.S. workers available for the employment and that the employment of such aliens will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers similarly employed; and render advisory opinions to the Attorney General on petitions to accord third and sixth preference status to aliens seeking employment as immigrants; and render advisory opinions to the Attorney General on applications for alien employment for

temporary work under section 101(a) (15) (H) (ü) of the act. ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS: Applicant Eligibility: (1) Any employer who is unable to find

qualified workers to meet his needs is eligible to file an application for alien employment certification and (2) any alien of advanced education and experience who wishes to enter the United States for employment as a professional, scientific or artistic worker is

ble to file an application for alien employment certification. Beneficiary Eligibility: (1) American nonagricultural workers; (2)

any alien who wishes to enter the United States for employment and is qualified for certification as a professional, scientist, artist or other occupation listed on Schedule A, precertification list of the Department of Labor, or any alien in certain skilled occupations certified on the basis of a job offer are eligible to

apply for a labor certification. Credentials/Documentation: Those seeking eligibility under Schedule

A must document their qualifications as a member of a profession or as being outstanding in the arts or sciences. Those king a labor certification as skilled workers must have a job offer certified by the Department of Labor set forth in detail in Part 60,

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations.

Preapplication Coordination: None.
Application Procedure: Employers contact the appropriate local

office of the state employment security system and aliens contact
a U.S. Consul abroad or the Immigration and Naturalization

Service in the United States.
Award Procedure: None.
Deadlines: None.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: 2 to 4 weeks.
Appeals: The procedure for appeals is explained in Title 29, code of

Federal Regulations; Part 60.4 (C, D, E).
Renewals: Not applicable.

Formula and Matching Requirements: Not applicable.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Not applicable.

Reports: Not applicable.
Audits: Not applicable.

Records: Not applicable.

Account Identification: 12-05-0172-0-1-604.
Obligations: Not separately identifiable.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: Not applicable. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: The Department of Labor issued

approximately 100,000 certifications in the past year. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: References in

the Code of Federal Regulations: For permanent employment; Title 29, CFR Part 60; for temporary employment; Title 20, CFR

Part 602.10. INFORMATION CONTACTS: Regional or Local Office: Contact the local office of the state

employment service. Headquarters Office: Director, Program Service Staff, U.S. Training

and Employment Service, Manpower Administration, Department

of Labor, Washington, D.C. 20210. Telephone: (202) 961-3013. RELATED PROGRAMS: 17.202, Certification of Foreign Workers for

Agricultural and Logging Employment.




MENT OF LABOR AUTHORIZATION: Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as amended,

section 123(a)5. OBJECTIVES: Concentrated employment programs are established by

priority in urban neighborhoods or rural areas having serious problems of unemployment and subemployment. They coordinate and concentrate Federal manpower efforts to attack the total employment problems of the hardest hit of the disadvantaged in a

way that will make a significant impact in the area. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants; Advisory Services and

Counseling USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: The Concentrated Employment

Program (CEP) is a system of packaging and delivering manpower services. Working through a single contract with a single sponsor (usually a Community Action Agency), the Manpower Administration provides a flexible package of manpower programs, including outreach and recruitment; orientation; counseling and job coaching; basic education; various medical day care, and other supportive services; work experience or vocational training under a variety of individual manpower programs; job development and placement; and individualized followup after placement. Manpower employability and training services are provided only to disadvantaged residents of the locally defined


Applicant Eligibility: No new projects are being funded. See

beneficiary eligibility. Existing annual contracts are being renewed

where appropriate. Beneficiary Eligibility: Residents of the CEP Target Area who are

disadvantaged. For manpower program purposes, a disadvantaged individual is one who is poor and does not have suitable employment and who is either (1) a school dropout, (2) under 22 years, (3) 45 years or older, (4) handicapped, or (5) one who has

some other obstacle to employment. Credentials/Documentation: Not applicable. APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination: Not applicable.
Application Procedure: No new applications being accepted at this

time. Award Procedure: Notification of award must be made to the

designated State Central Information Reception Agency (SF 240). Deadlines: Not applicable. Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Not applicable. Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: There are renewable annual contracts for program years
Formula and Matching Requirements: 10 percent local matching

funds are required.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Variable.
Reports: Monthly.



Audits: A quarterly review of expenditures is made by regional office

field auditors or by public accountants contracted with at the

National office level.
Records: Not applicable.

Account Identification: 12-05-0174-0-1-604.
Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $186,812,000; FY 71 est

$177,900,000; and FY 72 est $172,800,000 (renewals).
Range and Average of Financial Assistance: Not available.
PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: In fiscal year 1970, 76 of the 82

CEP projects were refunded. Eighty-two will be refunded in both
fiscal year 1971 and 1972.

In fiscal year 1970, 121,000 disadvantaged persons enrolled or
re-enrolled in CEP. Of the 153,300 who terminated from the

project, 58,000 were placed in jobs. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: The “CEP

Request for Proposal” and “Contracting Guidebook for Sponsors"
provide specific guidance for planning and developing a CEP
proposal. These are available from the National and Regional

Offices. Most publicity for recruitment is prepared locally.
Regional or Local Office: Regional offices of the Manpower

Administration. See appendix.
Headquarters Office: Director, Office of System Support, U.S.

Training and Employment Service, Manpower Administration,
U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. 20210. Telephone:

(202) 961-3013.
RELATED PROGRAMS: 17.212, Job Opportunities in the Business

Sector; 17.215, Manpower Development and Training -
Institutional Training; 17.228, National On-the-Job Training;
14.300, Model Cities Supplementary Grants; 49.002, Community
Action; 49.011, Special Impact.



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FEDERAL AGENCY: MANPOWER ADMINISTRATION, DEPART- according to caliber of proposal and time needed to work out MENT OF LABOR

differences. AUTHORIZATION: MDTA of 1962, as amended, Public Law 90-636; Appeals: Not applicable.

42 U.S.C. 2571-2620, and Executive Order No. 11422, October Renewals: Grantees are offered the opportunity to continue the 15, 1968.

grantee/grantor relationship but must submit a new or updated OBJECTIVES: Establishment of cooperative planning and execution of proposal upon completion of the grant.

manpower training and supportive manpower service programs as ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:
coordinating committee structure at the national, regional, state, Formula and Matching Requirements: These are project type grants;

and local levels to participate in cooperative manpower planning. there are no matching requirements. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Grants are for a period of 1 USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: To provide funds for manpower year and are renewable.

planning staffs and to provide incentive for executive leadership at POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:
the state and city level, in organizing for and implementing Reports: A report is made at the conclusion of the grant period and
comprehensive manpower planning.

prior to payment of the final 10 percent of the first generation
Restrictions due to funds limitations and personnel ceilings grants to governors. Reports are made at the end of the 6th and
limit the number of cities that can be offered grants, as well as the 12th months of the grant period for subsequent grants.
number of positions that can be funded.

Audits: All grants are subject to audit. Spot audits are made ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

randomly or upon the recommendation of the Regional Manpower Applicant Eligibility: All state governors are eligible as well as Administrator. Post audits are also performed.

mayors of selected cities of approximately 100,000 population, Records: Records must be maintained in accordance with federally
within funding and personnel ceiling limitations. Eligibles also are prescribed procedures.
required to justify their needs for funds and explain the planned FINANCIAL INFORMATION:
utilization of the manpower planning staff to be funded by the Account Identification: 12-05-0174-0-1-604.

Obligations: (Project Grants) FY 70 $5,625,000; FY 71 est Beneficiary Eligibility: Same as applicant eligibility.

$8,081,000; and FY 72 est $11,290,000. Credentials/Documentation: Requests for grants must include a Range and Average of Financial Assistance: For governors: from

justification of the need, intended use, and costs attendant to the $12,000 to $227,000; $65,000. For mayors: from $16,000 to staff requested.


PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Manpower planning staff assistance Preapplication Coordination: Intent to file application must be has been offered to all the states and to selected cities of

coordinated with Office of Management and Budget Circular No. approximately 100,000 population or more. As states and cities A-95.

organize and staff for planning and implementing manpower plans Application Procedure: Grants are made to governors and eligible more and better data about manpower needs and resources are

mayors who submit grant proposals in response to invitations by available for management and policy decision making.
the Secretary of Labor or his representative. The invitations REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: None.
include specifications for the grants proposals and indicate the INFORMATION CONTACTS:
number of manpower positions for which funds are available.

Regional or Local Office: Chairman, Regional Manpower Award Procedure: Grant proposals by governors and eligible mayors Coordinating Committee, in care of the appropriate Regional are revised by the Regional Manpower Administrator's staff for

Manpower Administration Office, Department of Labor, as in the compliance with specification in the invitation to submit and with appendix. the grant conditions. The RMA has approval authority and is the Headquarters Office: Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Contracting Officer. Notification of award must be made to the Chairman, National Manpower Coordinating Committee, U.S.

designated State Central Information Reception Agency (SF 240). Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. 20210. Telephone: (202) Deadlines: No deadlines for proposals are given. The invitation 961-4366. remains open, once extended.

RELATED PROGRAMS: 49.011, Special Impact. Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Not applicable - varies


(Bonding Program)


Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Bonding coverage for each AUTHORIZATION: Manpower Development & Training Act of 1962, bondee ranges from $500 to $10,000 and the average usage is as amended through October 24, 1968. 42 U.S.C. 2571 et seq.

about 6 months. OBJECTIVES: To provide fidelity bonding assistance to ex-offenders POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

and selected others; to reduce barriers to employment for reasons Reports: Each project maintains records of operation and reports other than ability to perform.

periodically on the characteristics of the bondees, and the TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Insurance.

activities of the agency in its experiences with employers and USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Funds are used primarily to bonding companies. purchase nonexclusion fidelity bond coverage from a commercial

Audits: None, bonding company and for some small project operating expenses.

Records: The United Bonding Co. of Indiana, which provides This is an effort to provide special bonding assistance to overcome

nonexclusion bonding coverage for project use, provides monthly employment barriers confronting those ineligible for bonding,

printout sheets of all persons bonded since inception of particularly ex-offenders and those with arrest records.

“program,” their employers, dates of bonding certification and ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

termination, and amount of bond usage. Applicant Eligibility: applicable since no new proposals are

FINANCIAL INFORMATION: being considered. See beneficiary eligibility.

Account Identification: 12-05-0172-0 1-604. Beneficiary Eligibility: (1) Employers with prospective employees

Obligations: (Salaries and expenses) FY 70 $70,000; FY 71 est and with employees being considered for transfer to jobs requiring

budget authority expired; however, $100,100 set aside from bonding who are unable to meet present bonding standards. (2)

MDTA in connection with Prison Inmate Training and for other Persons unable to meet present bonding standards. This includes persons having difficulty obtaining bonding; and FY 72 est persons convicted of crimes or having arrest records, poor credit

$400,000. references, poor character references, and poor or no past work

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: Bonding coverage for histories.

each bondee ranges from $500 to $10,000, under “Name

Schedule” bond. Average $2,500. Credentials/Documentation: Refusal of bond by a bonding company or employer.


accomplishment is readily constructed, two crude measures are Preapplication Coordination: Inquiries are made of the available (1) the number of persons receiving bonding assistance

court-corrections systems personnel to determine background; 2,645 (as of December 31, 1970), (2) the default rate of bondees checks are also made with potential employers and their bonding is less than 2 percent, with total claims paid under 22,000 (as of companies to determine reasons for job and/or bond coverage December 31, 1970). refusal.

REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: “ES Bonding Application Procedure: Those interested in bonding assistance should Project,” Employment Service Review, December 1966, pp. 63-6. contact the local office of the state employment service.

“Federal Bonding Program - Questions & Answers” is available Award Procedure: Not applicable.

from the regional & headquarters office. Deadlines: None.

INFORMATION CONTACTS: Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Not applicable.

Regional or Local Office: Not applicable for sponsors; individuals Appeals: Not applicable.

should contact the local office of the state employment service. Renewals: In special cases, where employers cannot obtain bonding Headquarters Office: Director, Program Services Staff, U.S. Training

from private commercial sources after 1 year, the coverage is and Employment Service, Manpower Administration, U.S. renewable while the sponsor continues to negotiate with the Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. 20110. Telephone: (202) commercial company for future “pickup” of bonding coverage, or 961-3013. with the employer to drop his bonding requirement.





AUTHORIZATION: Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933, Public Law 73-30, 42

U.S.C. 501-503; 29 U.S.C. 49-49n, 5 U.S.C. 616, 29 U.S.C. 31, 20
U.S.C. 107; Service Readjustment Act of 1944, 38 U.S.C. 41,

Public Law 89-358. | OBJECTIVES: To place persons in employment by providing services

to individuals in need of preparation and placement in jobs and to

employers seeking qualified individuals to fill job openings. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants; Advisory Services and

Counseling; Provision of Specialized Services. USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Through Federal grants states

operate over 2,300 local offices of state employment services which serve those seeking or needing employment and those providing it. General services include interviewing, testing, counseling, and referral to placement or to appropriate training or other services involved in readying individuals for employment. Specialized services include:

1. Human Resources Development - Service to the Disadvantaged. Special efforts are directed at locating disadvantaged, poor, and unemployed persons handicapped by race, age, lack of education, or physical or mental disabilities and assisting them in preparation for the job market. Services included intensive testing, counseling, referral to training and other social services, job development, job placement, and followup.

2. Early Warning of Mass Layoff. Local offices, acting on evidence or information of pending mass layoffs of substantial numbers of workers in an area, try to determine the number and skills of those to be laid off. Assessments are made of reemployment prospects, interviews of prospective layoffs are arranged and plans are developed for placement, training or introduction of new industries to hire those laid off. “Mass layoffs” may be defined as from 100 layoffs in areas of under 20,000 in population to 500 layoffs in larger areas.

3. Job Market Information. Provides information by industry on employment conditions and outlook for states and local areas; the nature of local and/or statewide shortage and sus workers in specific occupations; employability problems of unemployed workers and programs aimed at resolving these problems; the job market situation in particular industries; and occupational projections. Primary research sets up criteria to analyze worker skills and talents, and to identify, define, and code job functions for data collection and analysis. Occupational releases are developed for selected occupations showing nature of work, working conditions, entry requirements, outlook, and method of entry.

4. Defense Manpower Policy No. 4. Through this activity employers in areas found to have concentrated persistent and substantial unemployment may be certified for special consideration in the award of contracts to supply goods to the Federal Government.

5. Services to Older Workers. Services to older workers, age 45 and over, include specialized job counseling, job development, referral to training or necessary health and social services and job placement. A limited number of local offices have older worker service units to intensify, individualize, and personalize services to this age group

6. Service to Youth. The Employment Service maintains a year-round program of services to youth, including counseling, testing, referral to training and other agencies, job development, and placement. These services are provided through local ES offices and, in some metropolitan areas, through YOC's. The services to youth program is designed to provide employment services to youth, between 14 ané 22, who are recent high school dropouts or other youth entering the labor market. Among the significant components or activities included in the ES youth program are: 1) The Summer Employment Program which is designed to give a priority of service to disadvantaged youth and to enable them to return to school. 2) The Cooperative ES-School program represents one of the important means by which the ES

reaches out to new job market entrants to assist them in the crucial period when they make the transition from school to work. 3) The ES provides recruitment screening and referral to manpower training programs.

7. Services to the Handicapped. Includes special employment counseling services and placement assistance to physically and mentally handicapped persons seeking work in cooperation with other community agencies in serving the handicapped. Counselors use special placement techniques to help match the physical demands of a job to the capacities of a worker.

Special job development is provided the worker through contact with employers. Special information activities and promotional and educational activities are directed toward employers and labor organizations to improve employment opportunities for the handicapped.

8. Special Services to Inmates of Correctional Institutions. Special services are provided to inmates and former inmates of correctional institutions in cooperation with Federal, state, and local correctional institutions and probation officers by making available its placement, employment counseling, and testing services to assist in the placement and job adjustment of inmates who are currently being released from correctional institutions. Local office assistance can be arranged to include group orientation, testing, and counseling before, during and after incarceration, as well as job market information, job development, and placement assistance. Correctional authorities are also given technical assistance in planning training programs.

9. Services to Selective Service Rejectees. Interviews are conducted by state employment service representatives at Armed Forces examining and entrance stations of young men rejected for military service for the purpose of providing assistance in finding suitable employment. After identification of the assistance needed by the young men, interviews refer them to the local office of the state employment service for special employment services or to cooperating agencies for remedial education, skills development, medical, welfare, rehabilitation, or other needed services.

10. Services to Veterans. By law and regulation, state employment service local offices provide priority in prereferral, selection, and referral services to veterans seeking employment assistance, with preferential treatment for the disabled. Each state employment service agency is assigned a Federal Veterans Employment Representative, and local employment service offices designate a staff member with the responsibility for serving veterans and insuring that the intent of laws covering veterans' priority and preferential treatment in services is effectively carried out. In addition, visits are made to military bases and veterans hospitals to explain the services available and to provide assistance to disabled veterans and servicemen.

11. Apprenticeship Information. Apprenticeship information centers are located in state employment service local offices for the purpose of providing central and easily accessible sources of information, guidance, and counseling concerning apprenticeship opportunities, requirements and enrollment in labor market areas where the apprenticeable trades are located.

12. Rural Services. In rural and farming regions several services are provided peculiar to those areas and industries. Guidance for these services is provided to state employment services by the Farm Labor and Rural Manpower Service of the Manpower Administration which in turn provides: state employment service offices, (1) recruit and place year-round workers in farm and wood related industries, (2) help farmers meet critical, seasonal labor needs by "day-haul” of high school and college youth, normally nonfarm work force, reservation Indians, and Puerto Ricans, (3) recruit and arrange for the movement of migratory farm workers from supply to demand areas, (4) and determine the need for training in farm and wood related industry skills. Ottuma, or a rea-organization, concept approach to providing manpower services to rural areas.

Employment security agencies in 11 states have reorganized their local office structure in certain rural areas to better provide

uses of


manpower services'to a functional economic area, rather than a limited geographical area as was formerly the case. Specialized services are now centered in an area office, usually in the “hub” city of the area, and other offices serve as “satellite" or "feeder" offices to the area office. An area manager is responsible for all ES activities in the designated area, and tie-ins with job banks are being initiated.

13. Mobile Employment Services to Smaller Communities and Rural Areas. Mobile employment service teams are sent by the state employment service to serve rural areas by interviewing, job counseling and testing, selection and referral to training programs, concerted job development efforts, dissemination of job market information, job placement, and followup service. To help the community attract new industry to an area, the mobile team compiles and publishes a comprehensive manpower resource report on each area served, profiling its available and potential skills, detailed information on the area's economy and its institutional components. The team assists communities to recognize and overcome existing economic imbalances and employment problems by encouraging coordinated local planning efforts which determine the need for training and retraining programs and projects possible under Federal, state, and local


Applicant Eligibility: State employment security agencies.
Beneficiary Eligibility: All employers, those in need of employment,

community groups, employer organizations, educational or
training institutions are eligible. Emphasis is placed on the
disadvantaged and those providing employment for the

disadvantaged. Credentials/Documentation: Some services do require certain

credentials such as licenses for placement in positions requiring it,

but ordinarily no documentation or credentials are required. APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination: None.
Application Procedure: Contact the nearest local office of the state

employment service. Award Procedure: State Information Reception Agencies are notified

via standard form 240.
Deadlines: Not applicable.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Not applicable.
Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: Not applicable.

Formula and Matching Requirements: Not applicable.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Length, funded annually;

Time, nds are apportioned quarterly.

Reports: Monthly reporting under Manpower Administration

procedure is required. Audits: Standard Federal audits are applicable.

Records: Standard records for audits are required.

Account Identification: 12-05-8042-0-7-999.
Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $348,000,000; FY 71 est

$374,000,000; and FY 72 est $395,000,000. Range and Average of Financial Assistance: Dependent upon state

requests. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: During fiscal year 1970, the

Employment Service took 9,957,100 new applications, 1,640,300 of which were from disadvantaged applicants. Over 4,600,000 nonfarm placements and 4,540,300 farm placements were made. Of those placed in nonfarm jobs, 964,400 were disadvantaged. Nine hundred and seventy thousand veterans were placed in nonfarm jobs.

It is anticipated that in fiscal year 1971 there will be

10,100,000 new applications and 326,700 nonfarm placements. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: Following are

available from State Employment Security Agencies; “Manpower Programs for Senior Citizens,”; “Ability Is Ageless"; "Mr Employer, Help Is Here”; “Area Trends in Employment and Unemployment”. State and Labor Area Newsletters, Directory of Important Labor Areas, Industry Manpower Surveys, Occupational Guides for Selected Occupations.

The following are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402: “Dictionary of Occupational Titles,” $9.25; “Job Guide for Young Workers 1969-70 Edition,” $1.50; “Industries and Jobs Brought to Rural Areas Through Smaller Communities Program," 0-232-800; “Seven Services - How the Employment Service Helps the Handicapped,” $0.15; and “Interviewing Guides for Specific

Disabilities” (cost varies with individual guide). INFORMATION CONTACTS: Regional or Local Office: Contact the nearest office of State

Employment Security Office. Headquarters Office: Director, Program Service Staff; U.S. Training

and Employment Service, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor Washington, D.C. 20210, Telephone: (202)

961-3013. RELATED PROGRAMS: 17.210, Job Bank; 13.730, Rehabilitation

Services Projects - Project with Industry; 27.001, Federal Civil
Service Employment; 27.002, Federal Employment Assistance for
Veterans; 27.003, Federal Employment for Disadvantaged Youth -
Part-Time; 27.004, Federal Employment for Disadvantaged
Youth - Summer; 27.005, Federal Em oyment for the
Handicapped; 53.001, Handicapped Employment Promotion.

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