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APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Applications may be obtained by contacting the Career Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. All completed PHS-2499-1 applications are to be submitted timely to the Division of Research Grants.

Award Procedure: Each application receives a dual scientific review by non-NIH scientists. Awards are issued by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to the grantee institution.

Deadlines: New and Supplemental: October 1, February 1, and June
1. Renewal: September 1, January 3, and May 1.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: 6 to 9 months.
Appeals: None.

Renewals: Renewal applications are accepted. All applications should be submitted to the Career Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014.

ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: None.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Awards made annually with no project period to exceed 5 years in length.

POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: Final expenditures report, terminal progress report and invention statement.

Audits: Subject to Federal audit.

Records: All records shall be retained for audit purposes for a period

of 5 years after the end of the budget period which they cover or until a Federal audit is completed and all resulting questions are resolved, whichever comes first.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0844-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $9,342,000; FY 71 est $10,142,000; and FY 72 est $9,085,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $5,400 to $297,000; $71,700.

PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: During fiscal year 1970, the training grant program funded approximately 130 training programs in a variety of disciplines covering the medical, bio-medical, and behavioral fields.

REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 64. “A Guide to Grant and Award Programs of the National Institutes of Health," PHS No. 1067, no charge. "Public Health Service Grants for Training Projects Policy Statement," PHS No. 1302, no charge.

INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Not applicable.

Headquarters Office: Chief, Grants and Contracts Management Branch, National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-5481.

RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.316, Child Health and Human Development Fellowships; 13.317, Child Health and Human Development - Research Grants.

13.319 DENTAL AUXILIARY UTILIZATION TRAINING GRANTS (DAU Training Grants)

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act; Public Law 78-410; 42 U.S.C. 241(h), 288a(f).

OBJECTIVES: To assist schools of dentistry to establish, continue, or expand programs for teaching dental students the proper and effective use of trained dental auxiliaries.

TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Funds are restricted to the support of existing approved DAU programs and to supporting development of new DAU programs. A grant may be used to support personnel, provide equipment, renovate space, and other related expenses necessary for the conduct of the program. Specific restrictions are imposed on the use of grant funds for travel and purchase of office equipment.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: The applicant must be an accredited dental school in the United States, its territories or possessions, and be approved by the Dental Student Training Advisory Committee and the National Advisory Council on Education for the Health Professions.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Same as applicant eligibility.
Credentials/Documentation: None.

APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:
Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Applications are available from the
Manpower Development Branch, Division of Dental Health,
National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda,
Maryland 20014 and should be submitted to the Career
Development Branch, Division of Research Grants, NIH, 9000
Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014.
Awards Procedure: Applications are given dual review by Public
Health Service Extramural Advisory Panels composed of
non-Federal Dental Education and Consultants. The division is
authorized to make final decisions to fund approved applications.
Deadlines: Applications are reviewed three times during the fiscal
year. For April review, the deadline is March 1; for September
review, the deadline is August 1; and for January review, the
deadline is December 1.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Approximately 4 months.
Applications receive dual review: Recommendation by Committee
to Council, and action by Council.
Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: Not applicable.

ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: None.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Committed support for up to 5 years. Annual noncompeting application required for committed support. Competing application may be made for extension of originally approved support.

POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: Annual expenditure and progress reports are required. Site visits are made when deemed advisable or necessary to observe program development.

Audits: Applicant grantees are subject to inspection and fiscal audit by persons designated by DHEW.

Records: Records must be maintained for each budget period and for 5 years after the end of each budget period.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0813-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $3,651,000; FY 71 est $3,651,000; and FY 72 est $3,651,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $24,000 to $186,000; $75,000.

PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: In fiscal year 1970, 49 programs were supported which included all fully operational Dental Schools in the United States and Puerto Rico. Thirty-seven hundred and thirty-five June 1970 graduates received the training. Since the inception of the program, approximately 38,000 Dentists received training in the use of Dental Auxilliaries. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 63; "Objectives and Guidelines for the Dental Auxiliary Utilization Program," "DAU Program Director's Guide," "A Guide to Federal Financial Aid for Dental Health Services, Facilities, Training and Research," no charge.

INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Dental schools throughout the United States and Puerto Rico.

Headquarters Office: Manpower Development Branch, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-1191.

RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.320, Dental Health Continuing Education Training Grants; 13.323, Dental Health Research Training Grants.

13.320 DENTAL HEALTH CONTINUING EDUCATION TRAINING GRANTS

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act, Section 422(f); Public Law 78-410; 42 U.S.C. 241,288. OBJECTIVES: To assist schools of dentistry and other public and nonprofit institutions to establish, expand and improve organized programs of continuing professional education programs offering the widest possible range of courses in the science of dentistry in as many decentralized locations as necessary to attract the maximum participation of the Nation's practitioners.

TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Funds are available for direct costs involved in developing new continuing education programs or expanding or improving existing areas. Allowances also are made for indirect costs incurred by the institutions. The program does not provide funds for tuition, stipends, travel, or other direct support of trainees.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: Because of fund limitations, it is necessary to restrict eligibility to recognized schools of dentistry, extension schools or departments of universities and colleges, and teaching hospitals.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Same as applicant eligibility.
Credentials/Documentation: None.

APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:
Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Completed applications are submitted to the
Career Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants,
National Institutes of Health, for assignment to the appropriate
Institute/Division.

Award Procedure: Applications are given dual review by Public Health Service extramural advisory panels composed principally of non-Federal consultants. The Division Director is authorized to make final decisions to fund approved applications. Deadlines: July 1 or earlier if possible. Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: 5 months. Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: Not applicable.

ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: None. Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Committed support for up to 5 years. Annual noncompeting application required for committed support. Competing application may be made for extension of originally approved support.

POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: Annual progress reports, expenditure reports and site visits made periodically to observe program development and progress. Audits: Applicant grantees are subject to inspection and fiscal audit by persons designated by DHEW.

Records: Records must be maintained for each budget period and for 5 years after the end of each budget period. FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0813-0-1-651. Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $200,000; FY 71 est $200,000; and FY 72 est $200,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $28,000 to $57,000; $40,000. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Since the inception of the program in fiscal year 1967, 6 educational systems have been developed at the cost of $700,000. In fiscal year 1970, $200,000 supported 5 projects making continuing dental education available to practitioners in 10 states. It is anticipated that in fiscal year 1971, $200,000 will support 5 projects making continuing education available to practitioners in 14 states.

REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: “Public Health Service Grants for Training Projects," (policy statement), PHS publication No. 1302, no charge. "A Guide to Federal Financial Aid for Dental Health Services, Facilities, Training, and Research," no charge.

INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Regional Dental Consultant, HEW Regional Offices (see appendix for listing). Headquarters Office: Education Development Branch, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-1191. RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.319, Dental Auxiliary Utilization Training Grants.

13.321 DENTAL HEALTH FELLOWSHIPS

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act, as amended, Section 301(c); Public Law 78-410; 42 U.S.C. 241(c).

OBJECTIVES: To raise the level of competence and increase the number of individuals qualified to undertake research and provide training for research relating to dental public health. Research Career Development Awards (RCDA) are made to an institution on behalf of a young investigator to further his development as an independent investigator.

TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.
USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Post doctoral level fellowships are

awarded to support full-time training for research in the health
and health related sciences. Special fellowships are awarded to
afford scientists and clinicians the opportunity to broaden their
scientific background or enlarge their command of an allied
research field.

Research career development awards are intended to foster the development of young scientists with outstanding research potential for careers of independent research in the sciences related to Health.

Research fellows are not awarded for training leading to the MD, DDS, DVM and DO or other applied sciences degrees. Fellowships may not be retained concurrently with another award which provides a stipend or otherwise duplicates the provisions of the NIH award.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: Applicants must either be citizens or noncitizen nationals of the United States, or persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Applicants for postdoctoral fellowships must have a doctoral degree; applicants for a special fellowship must be experienced researchers or others requiring specialized research training. RCDA candidates must be less than 40 years old, have at least 3 years of postdoctoral experience, and have proven potential for a career in independent research.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Same as applicant eligibility.
Credentials/Documentation: None.

APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Applicants for fellowships must complete application form PHS-416. RCDA applicants submit application

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form PHS 2557-01. Both types of applications should be submitted to the Career Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Award Procedure: Final approval authority for fellowship applications rests with the Director, Division of Dental Health, Bureau of Health Manpower Education, or his designee. Awards are issued by the Research Grants Office, Division of Dental Health, directly to the applicant. Final approval authority for RCDA applications rests with the National Advisory Council on Education for Health Professions, and awards are issued by the Research Grants Office, Division of Dental Health, to the applicant institution on behalf of the individual.

Deadlines: Fellowships: January 2; April 1; October 1. RCDA: May 1; September 1; December 1.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Fellowships: 120 days; RCDA: 180 days.

Appeals: None.

Renewals: Applications for renewal beyond an approved award period are reviewed on a competitive basis. ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: Current legislation requires that the grantee also participate in the cost of each research project. Cost-sharing agreements are individually negotiated with the grantee.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Normally 1 year - renewable. POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: RCDA holders must submit yearly reports of expenditures. Fellowships and RCDA holders must submit annual reports on their progress and inventions.

Audits: None.

Records: Termination notice and final invention statement are required.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0813-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 Fellowships: $131,886. RCDA: $18,000; FY 71 est Fellowships: $106,000. RCDA: $44,000; and FY 72 est Fellowships: $100,000. RCDA: $50,000. Range and Average of Financial Assistance: Fellowships: $5,600 to $18,000; $13,250. RCDA: $19,000 to $25,000; $22,000. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: The fellowship program has supported a total of 15 fellows since fiscal year 1967, for a total of $405,763. Training periods ranged from 1 to 4 years. Eight fellows have received advanced degrees and are engaged in teaching and research. The RCDA program was begun in fiscal year 1969 and is supporting 2 awardees, for a total of $44,000. In fiscal year 1971, it is estimated that support will be provided for 8 fellows and 2 RCDA awardees. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 61. "A Guide to Federal Financial Aid for Dental Health Services, Facilities, Training and Research"; no charge. "Grant Programs in Dental Public Health: Research, Research Training, Fellowships," PHS Publication 1225-E, no charge. INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Prospective applicants should contact the institutions where the proposed training would be undertaken. Headquarters Office: Research Grants Office, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-4535. RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.322, Dental Health Research Grants; 13.323, Dental Health Research Training Grants.

13.322 DENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH GRANTS

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act, Section 301(d); Public Law 78-410; 42 U.S.C. 241(d).

OBJECTIVES: To establish, expand, and improve research activities related to (1) increasing the supply and improving the education and utilization of the Nation's dental manpower, (2) the development, improvement, and increased utilization of dental services and resources, and (3) the prevention and control of dental diseases and disorders.

TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Grant funds may be used for: (a) direct costs incurred in the conduct of the research project such as personnel salaries, consultant services, equipment, supplies, travel and publication costs; and (b) indirect costs incurred by the institution in providing auxiliary or supportive services to the research project. The use of funds is subject to any modifications or conditions prescribed in the "Notice of Grant Awarded," and consistent with the policies stated in the pamphlet, "Public Health Service Grants for Research Projects Policy Statement," PHS Publication No. 1301.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: Universities, colleges, and their professional schools, state and local health and health-related agencies, and other public or private nonprofit institutions and individuals are eligible to apply for research grants in dental health.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Ultimately, the students or trainees are the beneficiaries of this program. Credentials/Documentation: None. APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS: Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Applications are availble from Office of Research Grants, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health. Completed applications are submitted to the Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, for assignment to the appropriate Institute/Division.

Award Procedure: Applications are given dual review by Public Health Service extramural advisory panels composed principally of non-Federal consultants. The Division Director is authorized to make final decisions to fund approved applications. Deadlines: Applications may be submitted at any time during the year, but are reviewed on a fixed schedule 3 times a year. The deadlines for submitting applications for a given review are February 1, June 1, and October 1.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: From 4 to 5 months from deadline dates.

Appeals: Not applicable.

Renewals: Not applicable.

ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: Current legislation requires that the grantee also participate in the cost of each research project. Cost-sharing agreements are individually negotiated with the grantee.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Committed support for up to 5 years. Annual noncompeting application required for committed support. Competing application may be made for extension of originally approved support.

POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: Interim progress reports must be submitted with all applications for continued support and a terminal progress report is required within 6 months after the end of a project. An annual report of expenditures is required within 120 days after the end of each budget period.

Audits: None.

Records: None.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0813-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $1,259,000; FY 71 est $1,319,000; and FY 72 est $1,748,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $7,642 to $89,267; $38,753.

PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: The Division has supported 218

research projects since 1964 for a total of $7,315,967, all related to the objectives of the Division. In fiscal year 1970, 31 research grants were supported for a total of $1,259,000, primarily in the areas of dental manpower and increased utilization of dental services. For fiscal year 1971, it is estimated that 39 projects will be supported providing research in areas essential to the Division's objectives. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 52; "Public Health Service Grants for Research Projects," policy statement, PHS Publication No. 1301, no charge. "A Guide to Federal Financial Aid for Dental Health Services, Facilities

Training and Research," no charge. "Grant Programs in Dental Public Health Research, Research Training, Fellowships," PHS Publication 1225-E, no charge.

INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Regional dental consultants, HEW regional offices (see appendix for listing).

Headquarters Office: Research Grants Office, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-4535. RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.321, Dental Health Fellowships; 13.323, Dental Health Research Training Grants.

13.323 DENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTS

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act, Section 301(d); Public Law 78-410; 42 U.S.C. 241(d).

OBJECTIVES: To assist public and other nonprofit institutions in establishing, expanding, or improving training opportunities for dentists and investigators from various other fields to enable them to conduct independent research in areas related to dental health. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Grants may include funds for direct costs involved in the approved training program including salaries, equipment, supplies and travel. Allowances are also made for indirect costs and for the support of trainees. Funds must be used for purposes stated in the approved grant applications, subject to any modification or conditions prescribed in the notice of grant awarded, and consistent with the policies stated in the pamphlet, "Public Health Service Grants for Training Projects - Policy Statement," PHS publication No. 1302.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: Qualified graduate-degree-granting institutions and other organizations competent to provide research training at the post-baccalaureate level.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Ultimately the students or trainees are the
beneficiaries of this program.
Credentials/Documentation: None.

APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:
Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Applications are available from: Office of
Research Grants, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of
Health. Completed applications are submitted to the Career
Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants,
National Institutes of Health, for assignment to the appropriate
Institute/Division.

Award Procedure: Applications are given dual review by Public Health Service extramural advisory panels composed principally of non-Federal consultants. The Division Director is authorized to make final decisions to fund approved applications. Deadlines: Applications may be submitted at any time during the year, but are reviewed on a fixed schedule 3 times a year. The deadlines for submitting applications for a given review are February 1, June 1, and October 1.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: From 4 to 5 months from deadline dates.

Appeals: Not applicable. Renewals: Not applicable.

ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: None. Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Committed support for up to 5 years. Annual non-competing application required for committed support. Competing application may be made for extension of originally approved support.

POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports: An interim progress report must be submitted with each annual application for committed support and a terminal progress report is required within 6 months after the end of a project. An annual report of expenditures is required within 120 days after the end of each budget period.

Audits: None.

Records: None.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0813-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $450,000; FY 71 est $450,000; and FY 72 est $386,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $1,531 to $115,856; $56,927.

PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: The Division has supported 9 research training projects since 1966, for a total of $1,545,051. In addition to limited program support, these projects provided postgraduate training for dentists and investigators from other fields in the areas of oral epidemiology, dental education and dental public health. In 1970, 7 projects were funded in the amount of $450,000. These funds provided support for a conference-institute on dental education research, and support of trainees in such areas as oral epidemiology, dental teacher education, and dental health education. In 1971, support is estimated for 5 projects at $450,000.

REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 64; "Public Health Service Grants for Training Projects - Policy Statement," PHS publication No. 1302, no charge; "Grant Programs in Dental Public Health: Research, Research Training, Fellowships," PHS publication No. 1225-E, no charge; "A Guide for Federal Financial Aid for Dental Health Services, Facilities, Training and Research," no charge.

INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Regional dental consultant, HEW regional offices (see appendix for listing).

Headquarters Office: Research Grants Office, Division of Dental Health, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-4535. RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.321, Dental Health Fellowships; 13.322, Dental Health Research Grants.

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13.324 DENTAL RESEARCH - FELLOWSHIPS

FEDERAL AGENCY: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE AUTHORIZATION: Public Health Service Act, as amended, Part C, Section 422; Public Law 78-410; Public Law 80-755; 42 U.S.C. 288a. OBJECTIVES: Fellowships are awarded to individuals to support their graduate research training. Because there is a critical shortage of dental clinical investigators, NIDR support primarily extends to this area. Research career development awards (RCDA) are made to an institution on behalf of a young investigator to further his development as an independent investigator.

TYPES OF ASSISTANCE: Project Grants.

USES AND USE RESTRICTIONS: Postdoctoral Fellowships: Individuals are eligible who have a doctorate degree and seek research training. If study in a clinical specialty is involved, training must be more extensive in length and content than typical residency requirements. Emphasis is placed on training in basic sciences and research methodology, as well as on individual research projects.

Special Fellowships: These are available to experienced researchers or to persons requiring specialized research training. A doctoral degree usually is required. Stipends are determined on an individual basis. Additional funds may include tuition, travel, and a supply allowance.

Research Career Development Awards: These are made to institutions on behalf of a qualified individual for a 5 year period. The award may not be renewed. The sponsoring institution proposes the salary level, not exceeding $25,000 per year. No funds are provided for indirect costs, fringe benefits, or other needs such as research support, travel, tuition or training. Candidates must be less than 40 years of age before award can be made.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility: Postdoctoral Fellowship: A doctoral degree. Special fellowship: Experienced researchers or others requiring specialized research training. RCDA candidates must have at least 3 years of postdoctoral experience and have shown the potential for a career in independent research and must be less than 40 years old. In addition, applicants must either be citizens or noncitizen nations of the United States or persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence.

Beneficiary Eligibility: Same as applicant eligibility.

Credentials/Documentation: Fellow's institution must be

not-for-profit.

APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination: None.

Application Procedure: Candidates for fellowships complete application form PHS 416-1 for postdoctoral and special fellowships, and form PHS 2557 for research career development

awards, which can be obtained from the Career Development Review Branch, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Completed applications should be sent to the same office.

Award Procedure: Recommendations made by application review groups are utilized by the NIDR as the primary criterion for making awards. Program interests of the NIDR and availability of funds are also considered in the final award process. The Director, NIDR, makes final decision to fund individual projects. Deadlines: Fellowships: January 2, April 1, October 1. RCDA's: December 1, May 1 and September 1.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time: Fellowships, 5 months;
RCDA's, 6 months.

Appeals: Resubmissions must meet the next possible deadline.
Renewals: Submit application for continuation.
ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements: None.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance: Fellowships are usually approved for a period of from 1 to 3 years. Stipends are paid monthly directly to the fellow. Research Career Development Awards are awarded on an annual basis with funds being dispersed to the institution. Length of support cannot exceed 5 years. POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS: Reports: Fellowships and RCDA holders submit annual reports on their progress and inventions. In addition, RCDA awardees must submit yearly reports on expenditures.

Audits: None.

Records: Termination notice and final invention statement are required.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION:

Account Identification: 09-30-0873-0-1-651.

Obligations: (Grants) FY 70 $1,529,000; FY 71 est $1,367,000; and FY 72 est $1,367,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: $5,000 to $28,000; $14,000.

PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Fellowships are used to support individuals with outstanding potential in the problem areas of dental research. One hundred and two fellowships were supported in fiscal year 1970 and 101 are being supported in fiscal year 1971. REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND LITERATURE: 42 CFR 61; Leaflet entitled, "Research Grants from the NIDR," no charge. INFORMATION CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office: Not applicable.

Headquarters Office: Extramural Programs, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Telephone: (301) 496-7785.

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RELATED PROGRAMS: 13.325, Dental Research Grants; 13.326, Dental Research - Training Grants.

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