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Arts awards more than $100 million annually investing in every state which in turn generates more than $700 million in additional support. The Arts Endowment has played a transformative and sustaining role in the development of regional theater, opera, dance, orchestras, museums, and other arts both contemporary and traditional that Americans now enjoy.


Promotes and supports the production and dissemination of knowledge in the humanities. The term "humanities" includes, but is not limited to, the study of the following: language, both modern and classical; linguistics; literature; history; jurisprudence; philosophy; archaeology; comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism, and theory of the arts; and those aspects of the social sciences that employ historical or philosophical approaches. The Endowment makes grants to individuals, groups, or institutions (schools, colleges, universities, museums, public television stations, libraries, public agencies, and nonprofit private groups) to increase understanding and appreciation of the humanities.

and the victims of floods or other catastrophes, or certain types of economic injury; and licenses, regulates, and makes loans to small business investment companies.


Veterans Health Administration (64.005-64.024)

Provides hospital, nursing home and domiciliary care, and outpatient medical and
dental care to eligible veterans of military service in the Armed Forces.
Dependents of certain veterans are provided medical care supplied by non-VA
institutions and physicians. The Department conducts both individual medical
and health-care delivery research projects and multi-hospital research programs.
It assists in the education of physicians and dentists and with training of many
other health care professionals through affiliations with educational institutions
and organizations.

Veterans Benefits Administration (64.100-64.129)

Conducts an integrated program of veterans benefits: The Compensation and
Pension (C & P) Service has responsibility for: claims for disability

Coordinates the activities of the two Endowments and related programs of other compensation, pension, and Spina Bifida monthly allowance under 38 U.S.C.
Federal agencies.

The Institute of Museum and Library Services is the primary source of federal
support for the nation¿s 122,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. Its mission is to
grow and sustain a "Nation of Learners" because lifelong learning is essential to a
democratic society and individual success. Through its grant making, convenings,
research, and publications, the Institute empowers museums and libraries
nationwide to provide leadership and services to enhance learning in families and
communities, sustain cultural heritage, build twenty-first-century skills, and
increase civic participation. IMLS supports adult education and literacy through a
number of competitive and state grants and programs, such as Museums for
America grants, State Library programs, Native American/ Native Hawaiian
Library Services, National Leadership Grants, 21st Century Museum
Professionals, the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program, and the
Partnership for a Nation of Learners program.

Administers the Nation's principal law, the National Labor Relations Act. The
NLRB is vested with the power to prevent or remedy unfair labor practices and to
safeguard employees' rights to organize and determine through elections whether
to have unions as their bargaining representatives.

Promotes the progress of science and engineering through the support of research
and education programs. Its major emphasis is on high quality, science-driven
basic research, the search for improved understanding of the fundamental laws of
nature upon which our future well-being as a Nation depends. The National
Science Foundation also supports applied research in several areas. Its educational
programs are aimed at ensuring increasing understanding of science and
engineering at all educational levels and at training an adequate supply of
scientists and engineers to meet our country's needs.


Administers comprehensive retirement-survivor and unemployment-sickness
benefit programs for the Nation's railroad workers and their families, under the
Railroad Retirement and Railroad Unemployment Insurance Acts. The Board
participates in the administration of the Social Security Act and the Health
Insurance for the Aged Act insofar as they affect railroad retirement

Administers Federal securities laws that seek to provide for investors; to ensure
that securities markets are fair and honest; and, when necessary, to provide the
means to enforce securities laws through sanctions.


Aids, counsels, assists, and protects the interests of small business; ensures that small business concerns receive a fair proportion of Government purchases, contracts, and subcontracts, as well as of the sales of Government property; makes loans to small business concerns, State and local development companies,

1805; automobile allowances and special adaptive equipment; claims for specially
adapted housing; special clothing allowances; emergency officer's retirement pay;
eligibility determinations based on military service for other VA benefits and
services or those of other Government agencies; survivor's claims for death
compensation, dependency and indemnity compensation, death pension, burial
and plot allowance claims; claims for accrued benefits; forfeiture determinations;
claims for adjusted compensation in death cases; and claims for reimbursement for
headstones or markers. The Education Service has responsibility for:

readjustment education benefits for post-Vietnam era veterans and recently-
discharged veterans, as well as educational assistance for spouses, surviving
spouses, and children of veterans who are permanently and totally disabled or die
from disability incurred or aggravated in active service in the Armed forces, or are
currently prisoners of war or missing in action. In addition, certain members of
the selected Reserve or National Guard are also eligible for education benefits
administered by the Service. Vocational Rehabilitation Service has responsibility
for the rehabilitation of disabled veterans. Information, advice, and assistance are
provided to veterans, their dependents and beneficiaries, representatives and
others in applying for benefits administered by the Department of Veterans
Affairs. Benefit information and readjustment assistance is provided to recently
separated veterans. C&P also maintains a benefits protection program (fiduciary
activities) for minors and incompetent veterans and other incompetent adult
beneficiaries and provide field-investigative services. Special restorative training
is also available to eligible children. The mission is also to provide credit
assistance whereby the housing credit needs of eligible veterans and active duty
service personnel may be satisfied by private capital on more liberal terms than
generally available to non-veterans. Assistance is provided chiefly through
substituting the Government's guaranty on loans made by private lenders in lieu of
the downpayments, shorter terms, and other requirements generally required in
conventional home mortgage transactions. Direct loans are made to Native
Americans on trust land or to supplement a grant to get a specially adapted home
for certain eligible veterans who have a permanent and total service-connected
disability(ies). In addition, a system of direct financial grants is operated to help
certain permanently disabled veterans to acquire specially adapted housing. VA
life insurance operations are for the benefit of service members, veterans, and
their beneficiaries. In addition, the VA is responsible for: supervision of the
Servicemen's Group Life Insurance (SGLI) and Veterans Group Life Insurance
(VGLI) Programs for today's service members and veterans. The Veterans'
Insurance Act of 1974 (88 Stat. 165; 38 U.S.C. 765-779), effective May 24,
1974, has substantially amended the law provided for the conversion of SGLI to a
5-year nonrenewable term policy known as Veterans Group Life Insurance
(VGLI). At the termination of the 5-year term period, it may be converted to an
individual policy with any one of the many participating commercial insurance
companies. Supervision of the Veterans Mortgage Life Insurance Program for
those disabled veterans who receive a VA grant for specially adapted housing -
under the terms of contractual agreement with a Primary Insurer. VA guarantees
the protection of commercial life insurance (up to $10,000) against premium
payments for persons while in military or naval service, and 2 years thereafter.
National Cemetery Administration (64.201-64.203)

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Administers the National Cemetery Administration, which provides cemeterial
services to veterans and other eligibles as prescribed by the Secretary of Veterans
Affairs pursuant to the provisions of the National Cemeteries Act of 1973 and
other statutory authorities and regulations. These services also include providing
headstones and markers for the graves of eligibles in national and State veterans
cemeteries and for veterans interred in private cemeteries. Monetary aid to
States for establishment, expansion, and improvement of veterans' cemeteries is laws and regulations; analysis of technologies and methods for the recovery of
also available.

emergency response programs. The functions of these programs include
development of policies, standards, and regulations for hazardous waste
treatment, storage, and disposal; national management of the Superfund toxic
waste cleanup program; development of guidelines for the emergency
preparedness and "Community Right To Know" programs; development of
guidelines and standards for underground storage tanks; enforcement of applicable


Office of Air and Radiation (66.001-66.034, 66.651)

Develops national programs, technical policies, and regulations for air pollution control; establishes national standards for ambient air quality, and emission standards for stationary sources: mobile sources and fuels; monitors acid deposition; environmental radiation, and other pollutants; provides technical, training, and financial support to states, tribes, and local governments. Also, develops national partnership programs and policies to address climate change and indoor pollution, and demonstrates new low emission vehicle technology. Office of Water (66.418-66.473, 66.474-66.476)

Develops national programs, technical policies, and regulations for water pollution control and water supply; ground water protection; marine and estuarine protection; enforcement of standards; water quality standards and effluent guidelines development; technical direction, support, and evaluation of regional water activities; development of programs for technical assistance and technology transfer; and provision of training in the field of water quality. Office of Research and Development (66.500)

The Office of Research and Development is responsible for a national research program in pursuit of technological controls of all forms of pollution. It directly supervises the research activities of EPA's national laboratories and gives technical policy direction to those laboratories that support the program responsibilities of EPA's regional offices. Close coordination of the various research programs is designed to yield a synthesis of knowledge from the biological, physical, and social sciences that can be interpreted in terms of total human and environmental needs. General functions include management of selected demonstration programs, planning for Agency environmental quality monitoring programs, coordination of Agency monitoring efforts with those of other Federal agencies, the States, and other public bodies, and dissemination of Agency research, development, and demonstration results.

Office of Administration (66.600, 66.605-66.608)

useful energy from solid waste; and provision of technical assistance in the development, management, and operation of waste management activities. Office of Environmental Education (66.950-66.951)

Establishes, maintains, and disseminates a clearinghouse of information about available and planned multimedia environmental education products; identifies gaps in existing environmental education materials and works in collaboration with academia, other agencies, private industry and public interest groups to fill these gaps with quality products; establishes an Environmental Education and Training Grants Program through a grant awarded to a consortium of universities to support the training of education professionals in reaching environmental issues; establishes an Environmental Education Grants Program to support the design, demonstration and dissemination of environmental education materials, practice or techniques; provides for environmental internships through postsecondary level studies with agencies of the Federal government; establishes a National Environmental Education Advisory Council to advise, consult with, and make recommendations to the Administrator on matters relating to environmental education activities, functions, and policies of the Agency; establishes an Environmental Education Foundation; establishes the EPA as the key source for Federal, National and international communication and cooperation in environmental education activities; and coordinates and tracks EPA environmental efforts.


The National Gallery's collections embrace every major school of western European art from the 13th century to the present and of American art from colonial days to the present. A professor-in-residence position is filled annually by a distinguished scholar in the field of art history; graduate and postgraduate research is conducted under a fellowship program; programs for children and the general public are conducted daily; and Extension Programs produces and distributes education resources for loan throughout the world; audiovisual materials include films, slide teaching programs, videocassettes, videodiscs, and CD-ROMS.


Provides for support grants as an alternative grant delivery mechanism to allow a 70.003)
State or local agency responsible for continuing pollution control programs to
develop an integrated approach to pollution control.

Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (66.604, 66.700-

Develops national strategies for the control of toxic substances; directing the pesticides and toxic substances enforcement activities; developing criteria for assessing chemical substances, standards for test protocols for chemicals, rules and procedures for industry reporting and regulations for the control of substances deemed to be hazardous to man or the environment; and evaluating and assessing the impact of existing chemicals, new chemicals, and chemicals with new uses to determine the hazard and, if needed, develop appropriate restrictions. Additional activities include control and regulation of pesticides and reduction in their use to ensure human safety and protection of environmental quality; establishment of tolerance levels for pesticides that occur in or on food; monitoring of pesticide residue levels in food, humans, and nontarget fish and wildlife and their environments; and investigation of pesticide accidents. It also coordinates activities under its statutory responsibilities with other agencies for assessment and control of toxic substances and pesticides.

Office of Environmental Justice (66.604, 66.710, 66.714)

Provides support for community-based projects, programs, and activities that
seek to address local environmental justice and public health issues and enhance
environmental justice/community-based environmental protection.

Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (66.801-66.812)
Provides policy, guidance, and direction for EPA's hazardous waste and

Offers United States investors assistance in finding investment opportunities, insurance, and loans and loan guaranties to help finance their projects in developing countries. It encourages investment projects that will help the social and economic development of these countries.

COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION (CFTC) (78.004) Promotes healthy economic growth, protects the rights of customers, and ensures fairness and integrity in the marketplace through regulation of futures trading. To this end it also engages in the analysis of economic issues affected by or affecting futures trading.


Office of the Secretary (ED) (84.002-84.354, 84.357-84.569)

The Secretary of Education advises the President on education plans, policies, and programs of the Federal government. The Secretary directs Department staff in carrying out the approved programs and activities of the Department and promotes general public understanding of the Department's goals, programs, and objectives. The Secretary also carries out certain Federal responsibilities for four federally aided corporations: The American Printing House of the Blind, Gallaudet University, Howard University, and the National Technical Institute for the Deaf.

Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs Administers programs designed to fund activities that assist students with limited English proficiency and minority languages populations by providing support for programs, activities, and management initiatives meeting the special educational needs of those populations.

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Office of Educational Research and Improvement

Provides national leadership in expanding fundamental knowledge and improving education. The Office is responsible for conducting and supporting educationrelated research activities; monitoring the state of education through the collection and analysis of statistical data; promoting the use and application of research and development to improve instructional practices in the classroom; and disseminating these findings to States and local education entities.

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

The Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education formulates policy for, directs, and coordinates the activities relating to preschool, elementary, and secondary education. Included are programs of grants to State educational agencies and local school districts, postsecondary schools, and nonprofit organizations for State and local reform, compensatory, migrant, and Indian education; drug-free schools; other school improvement programs; and impact aid.

Office of Postsecondary Education

The Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary Education formulates policy, directs,
and coordinates programs for assistance to postsecondary educational institutions
and students pursuing a postsecondary education. Programs include assistance for
the improvement and expansion of American educational resources for
international studies and services, grants to improve instruction in crucial
academic subjects, and construction assistance for academic facilities.
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Provides leadership to ensure that people with disabilities have services, resources,
and equal opportunities to learn, work, and live as fully integrated, contributing
members of society. The Office coordinates the activities of the Office of Special
Education Programs, which works to help States provide quality educational
opportunities and early intervention services to help students with disabilities
achieve their goals. Through the Rehabilitation Services Administration, the
Office supports State vocational rehabilitation programs that give disabled people
the education, job training, and job placement services they need to gain
meaningful employment. Programs include support for training of teachers and
other professional personnel; grants for research; financial aid to help States
initiate, expand, and improve their resources; and media services and captioned
films for the deaf.

Office of Student Financial Assistance

The Office is headed by the Department's Chief Operating Officer and is the
Federal Government's first performance based organization. The Office directs
and coordinates activities that provide financial assistance through grants and
work and loan programs to students pursuing a postsecondary education. Federal
student financial aid programs include Stafford Loans, Parent Loans for
Undergraduate Students (PLUS), Supplemental Loans to Students (SLS), Federal
Insured Student Loans (FISL), consolidated loans, Perkins Loans, income
contingent loans, Pell Grants, College Work-Study, Supplemental Educational
Opportunity Grants (SEOG), and State Student Incentives Grants (SSIG). The
Office provides leadership and direction for the Department in meeting its goals
of excellence in credit management and debt collection through the collection of
defaulted loans under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and the Law
Enforcement Education Program, and the collection of overpayments in the Pell
Grant Program and Supplemental Educational Opportunities Program.
Office of Vocational and Adult Education


Awards college scholarships of up to $5 thousand annually for 4 years to persons who demonstrate outstanding potential for and who are preparing to pursue a career in public service.

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION (85.100) Established by Congress in 1992 to award fellowships to encourage and support research, study, and labor designed to produce new discoveries in all fields of endeavor for the benefit of mankind.


Established in 1983 to honor former Senator Barry Goldwater through the
operation of an education scholarship program, financed by a permanent trust
fund endowment, designed to encourage outstanding students to pursue careers in
mathematics, the natural sciences, and engineering.

SCHOLARS (85.300)

Established by Congress in 1968 to honor the legacy and ideals of Woodrow
Wilson by promoting research and dialogue on issues that link the world of
scholarship and the world of public affairs. The Center achieves this mission
through sustaining a community of scholars in Washington, and through
sponsoring a regular program of meetings on the humanities and international
affairs. The Center welcomes scholars of every nationality and from a wide
variety of backgrounds including government, the corporate world, the
professions, and academe.

Scholarships, internships, and fellowships are financed by a permanent trust fund
endowment. Programs are designed to develop increased opportunities for
Americans to prepare for and pursue careers related to the environment and for
Native Americans and Alaska Natives to pursue careers in health care and tribal
public policy.

Fellowships are awarded that seek to strengthen secondary school teaching of the
principles, framing, and development of the U.S. Constitution. The program
works to contribute to a deeper understanding of American government and to
foster in both teachers and students the spirit of civic participation that inspired
the Nation's founders.

The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation guarantees payment of nonforfeitable
pension benefits in covered, private-sector-defined benefit pension plans. Title
IV of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1301 et
seq.) provides for coverage of most private-sector-defined benefit pension plans
that provide a benefit based on factors such as age, years of service, and average
or highest salary. The Corporation administers two benefit insurance programs
separately covering single-employer and multi-employer plans. Nearly 40
million workers participate in more than 112,000 covered plans. Single-
Employer Insurance: Under the single-employer program, the Corporation
guarantees payment of a covered plan's basic benefits if that plan terminates
without sufficient assets to pay those guaranteed benefits. Multi-employer
Insurance: Under Title IV of the Act, as originally enacted, the Corporation
guaranteed nonforfeitable benefits for multi-employer plans in a similar fashion
as for single-employer plans. However, the payment of guaranteed benefits was at
the agency's discretion under the provisions of the law that remained in force

The Assistant Secretary for Vocational and Adult Education administers programs
of grants, contracts, and technical assistance for vocational and technical
education, and for adult education and literacy. The Office is also responsible for until August 1, 1980. The Multi-employer Pension Plan Amendments Act of
coordinating these programs with other Education Department and Federal
programs supporting services and research for adult education, literacy, and
occupational training.

Regional Offices

Each regional office serves as a center for the dissemination of information and provides technical assistance to State and local educational agencies and other institutions and individuals interested in Federal education activities. At present, offices are located in 10 cities: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Kansas City, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle.

1980 (29 U.S.C. 1001) revised the law applicable to multi-employer pension plans by changing the insurable event from plan termination to plan insolvency. In accordance with the Act, the Corporation provides financial assistance to plans that are unable to pay basic benefits. The plans are obligated to repay such assistance. The act also made employers withdrawing from a plan liable to the plan for a portion of its unfunded vested benefits. Premium Collections: All defined benefit pension plans covered by Title IV of Employee Retirement Income Security Act are required to pay premiums under prescribed rates to the Corporation.

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BOARD (ATBCB) (88.001)

Ensures compliance to Federal laws requiring accessibility for physically
handicapped persons in certain federally funded buildings and facilities throughout
the Nation. This includes setting guidelines and requirements for accessibility
standards prescribed by Federal agencies, providing technical assistance to
organizations agencies and individuals requesting help in solving accessible design
and construction problems, and conducting research to determine appropriate
specifications for accessibility.


Establishes policies and procedures for managing the records of the United States Government. NARA assists Federal agencies in adequately documenting their activities, administering their records management programs, scheduling their records, and retiring their noncurrent records to Federal Records Centers. The mission of the National Archives and Records Administration is to ensure, for the Citizen and the public servant, for the President and the Congress and the Courts, ready access to essential evidence. Managing the Presidential Libraries system, assisting the National Historical Publications and Records Commission in its grant program for State and local records and edited publications of prominent Americans, and publishing the laws, regulations, Presidential, and other public documents are also key functions of the National Archives and Records Administration.


Created by Congress in 1998, the Denali Commission is the Federal government and the State of Alaska working together to assist the most remote of American citizens to help themselves move closer to economic self-sufficiency, while preserving ancient cultural values and new opportunities to people living in American's last frontier. With the creation of the Denali Commission, Congress

¿ establish a program to provide funds to States to replace punch card voting systems, to establish the Election Assistance Commission to assist in the administration of Federal elections and to otherwise provide assistance with the administration of certain Federal election laws and programs, to establish minimum election administration standards for States and units of local government with responsibility for the administration of Federal elections, and for other purposes.

Excerpt from The Help America Vote Act of 2002

The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) requires the Election Assistance
Commission (EAC) to:

Generate technical guidance on the administration of federal elections.
Produce voluntary voting systems guidelines.

Research and report on matters that affect the administration of federal

Otherwise provide information and guidance with respect to laws, procedures, and
technologies affecting the administration of Federal elections.
Administer payments to States to meet HAVA requirements.
Provide grants for election technology development and for pilot programs to
test election technology.

Manage funds targeted to certain programs designed to encourage youth
participation in elections.

Develop a national program for the testing, certification, and decertification of
voting systems.

Maintain the national mail voter registration form that was developed in accordance with the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA), report to Congress every two years on the impact of the NVRA on the administration of federal elections, and provide information to States on their responsibilities under that law.

acknowledged the need for increased inter-agency cooperation and focus on these Audit persons who received federal funds authorized by HAVA from the General

remote communities. This Federal-State partnership is intended to promote rural development, provide power generation and transmission facilities, modern communication systems, water and sewer systems and other infrastructure needs. ELECTIONS ASSISTANCE COMMISSION

U.S. Election Assistance Commission (90.400)

About the U.S. Election Assistance Commission. The U.S. Election Assistance
Commission (EAC) was established by the Help America Vote Act of 2002
(HAVA). Central to its role, the Commission serves as a national clearinghouse
and resource for information and review of procedures with respect to the
administration of Federal elections. HAVA requires the EAC to: Develop
technical guidance on the administration of federal elections. Produce voluntary
voting systems guidelines. Research and report on matters that affect the
administration of federal elections. Provide information and guidance with
respect to laws, procedures, and technologies affecting the administration of
Federal elections. Administer payments to States to meet HAVA requirements.
Provide grants for election technology development and for pilot programs to
test election technology. Manage funds targeted to certain programs designed to
encourage youth participation in elections. Develop a national program for the
testing, certification, and decertification of voting systems. Maintain the national
mail voter registration form that was developed in accordance with the National
Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA), report to Congress every two years on
the impact of the NVRA on the administration of federal elections, and provide
information to States on their responsibilities under that law. Audit persons who
received federal funds authorized by HAVA from the General Services
Administration or the Election Assistance Commission. Submit an annual report
to Congress describing EAC activities for the previous fiscal year. For additional
information, visit the U.S. Election Assistance Commission online at

Information Related to the Election Assistance Commission

The U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) was established by the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA). Central to its role, the Commission serves as a national clearinghouse and resource for information and review of procedures with respect to the administration of Federal elections. According to the text of HAVA, the law was enacted to,


Services Administration or the Election Assistance Commission.
Submit an annual report to Congress describing EAC activities for the previous
fiscal year.


The United States Institute of Peace was established as an independent, Federal,
nonprofit corporation by act of October 19, 1984 (22 U.S.C. 4603). It was
established to strengthen the Nation's capacity to promote international peace
and the peaceful resolution of conflicts among the peoples and nations of the
world. The purpose of the Institute is to develop and disseminate knowledge about
the peaceful resolution of international conflict. To accomplish this the Institute
has set the following goals: To provide creative practical insights through
research, education, and training on negotiation, mediation, and other skills to
those actively engaged in resolving international conflicts; to expand the body of
knowledge about the nature and processes of peace, war, and international
conflict management; and to disseminate information to the public about these
subjects. Among the Institute's instruments are grants, fellowships, a library, and
in-house projects. The grants program provides financial support to nonprofit
organizations, including private colleges and universities; official public
institutions, including public schools, colleges, universities, libraries, and Federal,
State, and local agencies; and individuals, whether or not they are associated with
nonprofit or official public institutions. The Jennings Randolph Program for
International Peace offers senior fellowships annually to practitioners or scholars
in the U.S. and around the world who join the Institute for about ten months to
work on projects concerning the sources and nature of international conflict and
ways of managing conflict and sustaining peace. The program also awards Peace
Scholar Dissertation Fellowships annually to outstanding doctoral students
enrolled in an accredited university in the U.S. who are researching or writing a
dissertation that promises to contribute knowledge relevant to the formulation of
policy on international peace and conflict issues. The Jeannette Rankin Library
Program is developing four main components on international peacemaking: a
specialized research library; a network with and support for other libraries, both
specialized and public; an oral history resource; and bibliographic as well as other
data bases. Institute-directed projects under the Education and Public Information
Program include an educational TV program and cassette programs on such topics


as U.S.-Soviet summitry and a National Peace Essay Contest for high school students. The in-house Research and Studies is completing a broad, systematic examination of peace and conflict management theories and features workshops and seminars. Institute publications include biennial report to Congress and the President; a newsletter, The Untied States Institute of Peace Journal; and short issue papers, in brief. For more information please visit the Institute's web sit at


The Secretary of Health and Human Services (OS)(93.001-93.995)

The Secretary of HHS advises the President on health, welfare, and income security plans, policies, and programs of the Federal government. The Secretary administers these functions through the Office of the Secretary and the Department's 11 operating divisions, including a budget of $460 billion and a workforce of 65,000 employees.

Administration for Children and Families (ACF)

Provides services and assistance for 60 programs to needy children and families, administers the new State-Federal welfare program, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, administers the national child support enforcement system, and the Head Start program, provides funds to assist low-income families in paying for child care, and supports State programs to provide for foster care and adoption assistance.

Administration on Aging (AOA)

Supports a nationwide aging network, providing services to the elderly, especially to enable them to remain independent. AOA supports some 240 million meals for the elderly each year, including home-delivered "meals on wheels," helps provide transportation and at-home services, supports ombudsman services for elderly, and provides policy leadership on aging issues.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Supports cross-cutting research on health care systems, health care quality and cost issues, and effectiveness of medical treatments.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)

Works with States and other Federal agencies to prevent exposure to hazardous substances from waste sites. The agency conducts public health assessments, health studies, surveillance activities, and health education training in communities around waste sites on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Priorities List.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Provides a system of health surveillance to monitor and prevent the outbreak of diseases. With the assistance of States and other partners, CDC guards against international disease transmission, maintains national health statistics and

Supports a network of 37 hospitals, 60 health centers, 3 school health centers, 46 health stations and 34 urban Indian health centers to provide services to nearly 1.5 million American Indians and Alaska Natives of 557 federally recognized tribes.

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Works with 17 separate institutes, serves as the world's premier medical research organization, supporting some 35,000 research projects nationwide in diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's, diabetes, arthritis, heart ailments and AIDS. Program Support Center (PSC)

A service-for-fee organization, utilizes a pioneering business enterprise approach to provide government support services throughout HHS as well as other Departments and Federal agencies. Administrative operations, financial management and human resources are solution-and customer-oriented, state-ofthe-art and highly responsive to customer needs.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Works to improve the quality and availability of substance abuse prevention, addiction treatment, and mental health services.


The Corporation for National Service is a federal agency working in partnership with state and local governments and non-profit organizations. The Corporation administers the AmeriCorps national service program, which includes national and state grant programs, AmeriCorps* VIST A and the AmeriCorps*National Civilian Community Corps; the National Senior Service Corps (Foster Grandparents, Senior Companions and the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program); and the Learn and Serve America service-learning program. The Corporation's mission is to engage Americans of all backgrounds in communitybased service. This service addresses the nation's education, public safety, human and environmental needs to achieve direct and demonstrable results. In doing so, the Corporation fosters civic responsibility, encourages community teamwork, and provides educational opportunity for those who make a substantial commitment to service.

SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION (SSA) (96.001-96.020) On March 31, 1995, the Social Security Administration (SSA) became an independent agency. SSA administers a national program of contributory social insurance. Employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions which are pooled in special trust funds. When earnings cease or are reduced because the

worker retires, dies, or becomes disabled, monthly cash benefits are paid to

provides for immunization services, and supports research into disease and injury replace part of the earnings the family has lost. Part of the workers contribution


Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Assures the safety of foods and cosmetics, and the safety and efficacy of
pharmaceuticals, biological products, and medical devices.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) formerly the Health
Care Financing Administration (HCFA)

Administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs, that provide health care to America's aged and indigenous populations. About one in every four Americans, including nearly 18 million children and nursing homes for low-income elderly persons are covered. CMS also administers the new Children's Health Insurance Program through approved State plans that cover more than 2.2 million children. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

Helps provide health resources for medically underserved populations. HRSA Supports a nationwide network of 643 community and migrant health centers, and 144 primary care programs for the homeless and residents of public housing, serving 8.1 million Americans each year. HRSA also works to build the health care workforce and maintains the National Health Service Corps oversees, the Nation's organ transplantation system, works to decrease infant mortality and improve child health, and provides services to people with AIDS through the Ryan White CARE Act programs.

Indian Health Services (IHS)

goes into a separate hospital insurance trust fund. This fund helps disabled workers, retirees, and their dependents with their hospital bills. They may also elect to receive assistance with medical expenses. This is done by the workers paying a percentage of supplementary medical insurance premiums. The Federal government pays the balance. Together, these two programs are often referred to as "Medicare." Medicare protection is also provided, under certain conditions, to Railroad Retirement beneficiaries based on a disability. The principal functions of SSA include, but are not limited to; research and recommendations oriented to the problems of poverty; health care for the aged, blind, and disabled; long-range planning, design, and development of SSA administrative plans; data processing systems used in establishing and maintaining records essential to its' various programs; statistical measurement and systematic evaluation of its' programs; policy guidance for the administration of the OASDI and SSI programs; and development of programs and materials to assure that Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public have an adequate understanding of the protections, rights, and responsibilities under SSA administered programs. In addition, SSA, through a world-wide organization of ten regional offices, six program service centers, and over 1,300 field offices, guides and directs all aspects of the cash benefit program operations of SSA


On January 23, 2002, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created through the Homeland Security Act of 2002. The Act provides grants award authority for DHS to award grants, cooperative agreements and other assistance

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