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Table showing the contents of the several volumes comprising the Annals of Congress-Continued.
Con- Sesgress. sion.
Special session Senate
Special session Senate
3, 182. 3, 1803.
Dec. 2, 1799, to Mar. Mar. 4, 1801, to Mar. 1801-1802 Dec. 7, 1801, to May 1802-1803 Dec. 6, 1802, to Mar. 1803-1804 Oct. 17, 1803, to Mar. 27, 1804. 1804-1805 Nov. 5, 1804, to Mar. 3, 1805. 1805-1806 Dec. 2, 1805, to Apr. 21, 1806. 1806-1807 Dee. 1, 1806, to May 3, 1807. 1807-1808 Oct. 26, 1807, to Jan. 13, 1808. 1808 Jan. 13, 1808, to Apr. 25, 1808. 1808-1809 Nov. 7, 1808, to Mar. 3, 1809. Mar. 4, 1809, to Mar. 7, 1809. 1809-1810 May 22, 1809, to Jan. 23, 1810. 1810 Jan. 23, 1810, to May 1, 1810. 1810-1811 Dec. 3, 1810, to Mar. 3, 1811. 1811-1812 Nov. 4, 1811, to Mar. 1812 Mar. 9, 1812, to July 1812-1813 Nov. 2, 1812, to Mar. 3, 1813. 1813 May 24, 1813, to Aug. 12, 1813. 1813-1814 Dec. 6, 1813, to Apr. 18, 1814. 1814-1815 Sept.19, 1814, to Mar. 2, 1815. 1815-1816 Dec. 4, 1815, to Apr. 30, 1816. 1816-1817 Dec. 2, 1816, to Mar. 3, 1817. Mar. 4, 1817, to Mar. 6, 1817. Dec. 1, 1817, to Mar. 12, 1818. Mar. 12, 1818, to Apr. 20, 1818. Nov. 16, 1818, to Feb. 17, 1819. 1819 Feb. 17, 1819, to Mar. 3, 1819. 1819-1820 Dec. 6, 1819, to Feb. 12, 1820. 1820 Feb. 12, 1820, to May 15, 1820. 1820-1821 Nov. 13, 1820, to Mar. 3, 1821. 1821-1822 Dec. 5, 1821, to Mar. 11, 1822. 1822 Mar. 11, 1822, to May 7, 1822. 1822-1823 Dec. 2, 1822, to Mar. 3, 1823. 1823-1824 Dec. 1. 1823, to Feb. 27, 1824. 1824 Feb. 27, 1824, to May 25, 1824.
See RULE I, clause 4; RULE III, clause 1; RULE XIV, clause 4; and RULE XVII.
Questions of order decided by the Speaker shall be "subject to an appeal to the House by any member; on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the House."-RULE I, clause 4. The questions of order herein referred to relate to motions or propositions, their applicability or relevancy, etc. But "all incidental questions of order arising after a motion is made for the previous question, and pending such motion, shall be decided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate."-RULE XVII, clause 3. Under the practice, all questions of order which may arise, pending a question which is not debatable, must be decided without debate. It is customary, however, for the Speaker or chairman of the Committee of the Whole to permit a brief discussion of the point of order, if the question be a new one, which, of course, can only be done by unanimous consent.
Pending the election of a Speaker, the Clerk shall decide all questions of order that may arise, subject to appeal to the Honse.-RULE III, clause 1.
While there can be no question of the right of a member to appeal from the decision of the Clerk on incidental "questions of order that may arise" pending the election of a Speaker, there is a question as to his right to appeal from a decision of the Clerk with respect to the roll of members, which, by R. S., sec. 31, the Clerk is required to make up.
See decisions of Clerk McPherson, Cong. Globe, 1st sess. 40th, 41st, 42d, 43d, and 44th Congresses, and of Clerk Adams in the 1st sess., 45th, 46th, and 47th Congresses.
"If any difficulty arises in point of order during the division, the Speaker is to decide peremptorily, subject to the future censure of the House if irregular."-Manual, p. 170.
An appeal may be laid on the table-Journal, 1, 26, p. 529– and, being laid on the table, does not carry with it the whole subject.-Ibid., p. 530. Of late years this motion is almost invariably made in case of an appeal; and, if carried, its effect is substantially to sustain the decision of the Chair. While it
has been occasionally held that an appeal can not be inxen in Committee of the Whole, the almost uniform practice has established the right of appeal, which of course can not be laid on the table, as in the House, but must be decided by a vote of the committee, thus directly sustaining or overruling the decision of the Chair.
It has been uniformly held that debate on an appeal in the Committee of the Whole can only be closed by unanimous consent, there being no rule of the House touching the matter.
It is too late to renew the question of order ou the admissibility of a proposition which has been overruled on the preceding day, where debate has been allowed to progress on such proposition.--Journal, 1, 30, p. 989. And it is also too late to raise a question of order on a motion entertained without objection on a former day and entered on the Journal.-Ibid., 2, 30, p. 382; 1, 28, p. 538.
A question of order just decided on appeal can not be renewed, even upon the suggestion of additional reasons.-Ibid., 1, 32, p. 935.
Where an appeal has been decided, and by virtue of such decision a bill taken up and passed, it is too late to move a reconsideration of a vote on the appeal.-Ibid., 1, 31, pp. 860,
An appeal is not in order while another appeal is pending.Cong. Globe, 1, 27, p. 154; 2, 29, p. 290.
The form of stating the question on an appeal is, "Shall the decision of the Chair stand as the judgment of the House?" or if in Committee of the Whole House, " Shall the decision of the Chair stand as the judgment of the committee?"
The act of February 25, 1882, enacts as follows, viz: That after the third of March, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, the House of Representatives shall be composed of three hundred and twenty-five members, to be apportioned among the several States as follows:
New Hampshire, two.
New Jersey, seven.
North Carolina, nine.
Rhode Island, two.
South Carolina, seven.
West Virginia, four.
SEC. 2. That whenever a new State is admitted to the Union the Representative or Representatives assigned to it shall be in addition to the number three hundred and twenty-five.
The act of February 22, 1889, providing for the admission of the States of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Washington, increased the representation in the House to three hundred and thirty members.
A bill making an apportionment of Representatives in Congress among the several States under the last census is a priv ileged question.-Journal 1, 47, p. 519.
Style and title of.-See R. S., sec. 11.
No appropriation shall be reported in any general appropriation bill, or be in order as an amendment thereto, for any expenditure not previously authorized by law, unless in coutinuation of appropriation for such public works and objects as are already in progress; nor shall any provision changing existing law be in order in any general appropriation bill or in any amendment thereto.-RULE XXI, clause 2.
Since the foregoing clause was changed to its present form in the first session Forty-ninth Congress, it has been almost uniformly held in the Committee of the Whole that a "limitation" of a specific appropriation which has the effect of changing existing law is not in order as a provision in, or amendment to, a general appropriation bill.
As to what constitutes a "work or object already in progress," see debate on and ruling of Chairman Wellborn, Congressional Record, 2d sess. 48th Cong., February 19, 1885, vol. 73, p. 1914. See, also, ruling of Chairman McCreary, 2d sess. 49th Cong., on H. R. 11020, Cong. Record, vol. 18, part 3, p. 2228. Also of Chairman Cox, 2d sess. 50th Congress, vol. 20, part 1, p. 717.
To be first discussed in Committee of the Whole.-RULE XXIII, clause 3.
During the first forty years of our history, all appropriations (with the exception of an occasional special bill making appropriation for some particular branch of the public service) were made in one act, entitled "An act making appropropriations for the support of the Government."
In 1823 the appropriations for fortifications, and in 1826 the