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The compiler deems it proper to again call attention to the fact that the general plan observed in the last (eleventh) edition of the Digest has been followed in this volume for the reason then stated, i. e., that uniformity of arrangement of matter in a work of this character is of the first importance, and, except for manifest reasons, should not be changed.

The Constitution of the United States, with the very copious foot and marginal notes referring to decisions of the Supreme Court as published in the second edition of the Revised Statutes, including those made by Mr. Boutwell, and also such as have been rendered since his compilation down to and including those reported in the 111th United States Supreme Court Report, together with a very full analytical index, is republished.

Jefferson's Manual, together with considerable matter by way of addenda, giving in brackets or foot-notes the present rules and general practice of the Senate (pp. 101 to 192); a table showing the commencement and termination of each session of Congress, together with the names of each Speaker and Clerk (pp. 193 to 196); a table showing the population of the United States as determined by the Ninth and Tenth Censuses (p. 197); a table showing the apportionment of Representatives in Congress from 1787, including the apportionment under the last census and the formation of States and Territories (pp. 198, 199); a diagram of the Hall of the House, showing the seats of members (pp. 200, 201); a list of the Representatives and Delegates of the House (pp. 203 to 213); a list of the standing and select committees for the present session (pp. 215 to 232); tables showing the contents of the volumes comprising the Annals of Congress (p. 282), Congressional Debates (pp. 352, 353), Congressional Globe (pp. 353 to 357), Congressional Record (pp. 357 to 360), arranged by years and Congresses; a list of impeachment trials in Congress and the British Parliament (pp. 401, 402); a table showing the sessions of Congress convened

at times other than the date fixed by the Constitution (p. 524); a table giving a list of the "extra sessions" of Congress convened by the President (p. 525); a list of the special sessions of the Senate of the United States from 1789 to 1889 (p. 525); the "Bowman" and "Tucker" acts relating to claims before Congress (307 to 313); an important decision by Judge Dyer relat ing to the privileges of members under section 6, article 1, of the Constitution (430 to 436); a table showing the contents of the twenty-five volumes of the Statutes at Large; a statement showing the qualifications of voters in the several States (p. 547), and a list of the contested election cases in the present House (p. 558), are also published as matters of general interest and convenient reference.

In view of the fact that no joint rules have been adopted since the Forty-third Congress-thus leaving unregulated the manner of transacting business with the Senate, including the appointment and proceedings of conference committees, the enrollment of bills, and their presentation to the President, etc.the compiler has included in this edition numerous additional decisions and much additional matter in relation to conference committees and methods of procedure, together with many late decisions touching general appropriation bills and practice in Committees of the Whole.

Special attention is again called to the plan of the index to the Rules and Digest, which has thus far received universal commendation. In the earlier editions the index did not separate or distinguish between a rule or ruling thereon, so that until the page was found and the subject examined, it was impossible to determine its exact character. In this, as in recent editions, the rule and ruling are carefully separated, and a glance suffices to show just where to look for the subject or matter sought. To those familiar with legislative proceedings and parliamentary discussions the value of this will readily appear.

Under each sub-head is given first the reference to a particu lar rule or rules, by clauses, and then follows the reference to the Digest proper, which may either be an extract or citation from the Constitution, Revised Statutes, a House Journal, or a statement of the compiler as to the parliamentary practice in respect to any particular subject or matter.


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WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION for the United States of America.

Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall., 419; McCulloch v. State of Maryland et al., 4 Wh., 316; Brown et als. v. Maryland, 12 Wh., 419; Barron v. The Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, 7 Pet., 243; Lane County v. Ore. gon, 7 Wall., 71; Texas 7. White et al., 7 Wall., 700.


SECTION. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Hayburn's case (notes), 2 Dall., 409.

SECTION. 2. 'The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

*In May, 1785, a committee of Congress made a report recommending an alteration in the Articles of Confederation, but no action was taken on it, and it was left to the State Legislatures to proceed in the matter. In January, 1786, the Legislature of Virginia passed a resolution providing for the appointment of five commissioners, who, or any three of them, should meet such commissioners as might be appointed in the other States of the Union, at a time and place to be agreed upon, to take into consideration the trade of the United States; to consider how far a uniform system in their commercial regulations may be necessary to their common interest and their permanent harmony; and to report to the several


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