The Earth Summit, ECO 92: Different Visions

Front Cover
IICA, 1994 - 336 pages

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
7
FOREWORD
11
RIO DECLARATION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
13
Oceans Seas and Coastlines
17
Freshwater Resources
18
Toxic Chemicals
19
Hazardous Wastes
20
Solid Wastes and Sewage
21
Peoples Earth Declaration
179
Rio de Janeiro Declaration
184
The Earth Charter
188
Ethical Commitment to Global Ecological Posture and Behavior 179 184 188 0
191
GENERAL PRINCIPLES ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
195
THE WORLD ECONOMY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ITS PEOPLES
197
Alternative Economic Models 6 Transnational Corporations
199
Trade and Sustainable Development
205

Radioactive Wastes
22
AGENDA 21
25
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS
27
International Cooperation
29
The Struggle to overcome Poverty
33
Production and Consumption
35
Demographics
37
Human Health
40
Human Settlements
43
Environment and Development
48
RESOURCES FOR DEVELOPMENT
51
The Atmosphere
53
Land Resources
59
Deforestation
61
Desertification and Drought
65
Mountains
69
Agriculture and Rural Development
71
Biological Diversity
77
Biotechnology
79
STRENGTHENING THE ROLE OF MAJOR GROUPS
107
Preamble
109
The Importance of Women in Sustainable Development
110
Children and Young People
113
Indigenous People
115
Nongovernmental Organizations NGOs
117
Local Authorities
120
Workers and their Trade Unions
122
Business and Industry
124
The Scientific and Technological Community
126
Farmers and Government Policies 109 110 113 115 117 120 122 124 126
128
MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION
131
Financial Resources and Mechanisms
133
Technology Transfer
136
Scientific Support for Sustainable Development
138
Education
140
National Mechanisms and International Cooperation
143
International Institutional Arrangements
145
International Legal Instruments and Mechanisms
148
Information for Decision Making 133 136 138 140 143 145 148
150
AGREEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES
153
153
155
Framework Agreement on Climate Change
159
Declaration of Principles on the Management Conservation and Sustainable Development of Forests 159
162
COMPARATIVE GRAPH
167
TREATIES OF THE NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
175
DECLARATIONS ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
177
Foreign Debt
208
Corruption and Capital Flight
213
The Struggle against Poverty
215
Consumption and Lifestyle
218
Population Environment and Development
222
Urbanization
224
Militarism the Environment and Development
228
The Struggle against Racism
230
The People of the Americas
232
NATURAL RESOURCES AND HUMANITY
237
Alternative Agreement on Climate Change
239
Controlling Energy Production and Consumption
242
Arid and SemiArid Zones
244
The Cerrados of Brazil
247
Forests
250
Sustainable Agriculture
255
Food Security
257
255
258
Research for the Conservation of Biodiversity
262
Citizens Commitment on Biodiversity
265
Marine Ecosystems
268
Marine Biodiversity
270
Marine Protected Areas
272
Fishery Resources
275
Protecting the Sea from Global Atmospheric Changes
278
Pollution of the Marine Environment
280
Guanabara Bay
283
Fresh Water Treaty
284
Nuclear Arms
289
Indiscriminate Production of Waste
293
NGOS AND THE MOST VULNERABLE GROUPS
297
The Relationship between Women and the NGOs
299
The Role of Youth
302
In Defense of Children and Adolescents
305
Indigenous Peoples and NGOs
307
Ethical Commitment
309
TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION AND INFORMATION
311
Cooperation among NGOs
313
Global Decisions of NGOs
315
Technology Bank
318
Citizens Commitment on Biotechnology
321
Environmental Education
323
Communications Information Media and Networking
327
ACRONYMS
331
BIBLIOGRAPHY 337
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