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ABORTION

ABORTION – Abortion-related deaths by category* and year**, United States,

1972-1979 40

LEGALLY INDUCED

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In 1979, 20 women died after legally induced abortions, an increase from the 11 deaths in 1978. No women were reported to have died after illegally induced abortions; 7 died in 1978. The number of women who died after spontaneous abortion was the same in 1979 as it had been in 1978. Between 1972 and 1979, 13 women died from ectopic pregnancy (2 after diagnoses of spontaneous abortions and 11 after attempted legally induced abortions).

CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS - Number of monitored total births by U.S. Census Region

(including Puerto Rico), 1975-1979, Birth Defects Monitoring Program?

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Discharge data reported by 1200 participating hospitals through the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities, Ann Arbor, Michigan. ? includes Puerto Rico.

The birth defects data in the table were selected from those collected through the Birth Defects Monitoring Program (BDMP). The BDMP is conducted by CDC's Birth Defects Branch with data provided under contract by the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities (CPHA) in Ann Arbor, Michigan. BDMP's primary purpose is to monitor the incidence rates of birth defects and other neonatal conditions. Abstracts of hospital discharge summaries are coded by medical records staff from participating hospitals and submitted regularly to CPHA for data processing. CPHA uses some of the data on neonates to provide tabulations to CDC for analysis. Since 1970, data on births of 10 million infants have been included in the BDMP. The present annual number of births covered, from 1,144 hospitals, is 1,030,000-about one-third of the births in the United States.

Birth defects cause nearly 20% of the infant mortality in the United States. In the period covered in this report, the incidence rates of the majority of birth defects neither substantially decreased nor increased. The paucity of increases suggests that few, if any, widespread and powerful new teratogens were introduced.

CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS

CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS - Reported incidence of selected congenital malformations
by U.S. Census Region (including Puerto Rico) 1975-1979, Birth Defects Monitoring Program'

(rates per 10,000 total births)

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Discharge data reported by 1200 participating hospitals through the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

includes Puerto Rico.

CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS - Reported incidence of selected congenital malformations
by U.S. Census Region (including Puerto Rico) 1975-1979, Birth Defects Monitoring Program'

(rates per 10,000 total births) – Continued

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Discharge data reported by 1200 participating hospitals through the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities, Ann Arbor,
Michigan.
? Includes Puerto Rico.
Rates per 10.000 male births.

GUILLAIN BARRÉ SYNDROME
GUILLAIN BARRÉ SYNDROME

Reported cases by month of onset of neurologic symptoms, United States, 1980-1981

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In 1978, CDC established a surveillance system to detect cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Since a major purpose of the system was to determine whether or not an increased risk of vaccine-associated GBS existed for the influenza vaccines administered in 1978-79 and subsequent seasons, surveillance has been intensified from September through March each year. The accompanying graph shows the total number of reported vaccinated and unvaccinated cases in 1980-81; preliminary analysis of the data does not support an association between influenza vaccination and GBS.

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