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Executive Director, President's Committee on Manpower, Cabinet-level committee to coordinate manpower policy.

Research director, Senate Subcommittee on Employment and Manpower, 1963-64. Directing extensive study of Nation's manpower problems.

Mediator, 1962-63, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service and Department of Labor. Served as special mediator in construction labor disputes on Government installation.

Consultant, Bureau of the Census, 1962. Advising on feasibility and methodology of a census of the construction industry.

Senior staff analyst and consultant, Presidential Railroad Commission, 1961. Made studies for Commission on wage incentive and seniority practices throughout American industry and grievance and arbitration procedures of railroad industry. Consultant, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1960. Secretary of Labor's study of "Collective Bargaining in the Basic Steel Industry." Interviewed officials of most of the large basic steel companies and attended Steelworkers convention and interviewed union leaders in attempt to ascertain causes of the 1959 steel strike and other postwar steel strikes.


Associate professor of economics, Brigham Young University, 1960-63 (presently on leave). Research professor, Ford Foundation, 1962-63, studying economics and structure of the construction industry.

Research associate, Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration, 1959-60. Studying_construction industry labor relations and writing history of International Union of Operating Engineers.

Research assistant, Brookings Institution, 1957-59, engaged in study under direction of Sumner H. Slichter, James J. Healy, and E. Robert Livernash which resulted in the book, "Impact of Collective Bargaining on Management, material gathered from extensive interviews with 150 companies and 40 unions on every conceivable phase of industrial relations. Instructor in economics, Harvard University, 1959-60. Teaching fellow, Harvard University, 1957-59.


Ten years as an employee and small businessman in trucking, mining, and construction.

Two and one-half years as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints (Mormon).

Army Air Force, World War II.


The Operating Engineers: Economic History of a Trade Union, Harvard University Press, 1964.

Wage Incentive Systems, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley, 1964.

Editor, Exploring the Dimensions of the Manpower Revolution, U.S. Senate, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, 88th Congress, 2d session, 1964. Editor, The Labor Market Role of the State Employment Services, U.S. Senate, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, 88th Congress, 2d session, 1964. Editor, Lessons from Foreign Labor Market Policies, U.S. Senate, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, 88th Congress, 2d session, 1964.

Editor, Apprenticeship and Manpower Development: United States and Abroad, U.S. Senate, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, 88th Congress, 2d session, 1964.

Editor, The Manpower Revolution: Selections from Senate Hearings, Joint Council on Economic Education, 1964.

"Automation, Employment and Human Values," the Educational Record, spring, 1964.

"The Development of Local Union Jurisdiction in the International Union of Operating Engineers," Labor History, fall, 1963.

"Alternative Investment Outlets for Idle State Operating Funds," State Government, summer, 1963 (with R. Joseph Monsen).

"Integration of Seniority Lists in Transportation Mergers," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, April 1963 (with Daniel H. Mater).

"Are Wage Incentives Obsolete?" Industrial Relations, fall, 1962.

The Investment of Idle State Funds, Utah Bankers Association, 1962 (with R. Joseph Monsen).

"A History and Analysis of the National Railroad Adjustment Board, First Division," Presidential Railroad Commission, Studies Relating to Railroad. Operating Employees, volume III, 1962.

"A Summary of Incentive Practices in American Industry," Ibid., volume IV. "Seniority Practices Railroad Operating Employees and Other Industries," loc. cit. (with Daniel H. Mater and John Gentry).

"Grievance Procedures for Railroad Operating Employees," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, July 1962.

"The Benefit Principle: An Unexploited Source of Municipal Revenues and Investment Decisions," Municipal Finance, February 1962.

Contributor to Bureau of Labor Statistics, Collective Bargaining in the Basic Steel Industry, 1961.

"The Interaction Between Contract Administration and Contract Negotiation in the Basic Steel Industry," Labor Law Journal, August 1961.

"One Union's Experience with the LMRDA," Symposium on the LMRDA, Claitor, 1961.

"Taming Wildcat Strikes," Harvard Business Review, March-April 1960.


Dr. MANGUM. It is a pleasure for me to be here this morning, Senator Hill. I think I might say whatever qualifications I have for this position were primarily gained right here in a year as research director of Senator Clark's subcommittee in which we went rather deeply into some of these same areas that the Automation Commission will go into-is already going into-so in some sense I look at this as a continuation of that effort and, of course, it was during that period of time that the bill was being considered which created the Commission, though it was passed after I had left.

The CHAIRMAN. But you worked with Senator Clark on the legislation, did you not, quite a bit?

Dr. MANGUM. Yes.

The CHAIRMAN. And heard the testimony of the witnesses?

Dr. MANGUM. Yes; during the period we were considering Senator Javits' Resolution 105 that led up to this.

The CHAIRMAN. Research director on Senator Clark's subcommittee is one of Dr. Mangum's previous jobs, also a consultant with the Bureau of the Census.

Senator CLARK. Senator, could I say just a word?


Senator CLARK. I would not want to take credit for having invented Dr. Mangum but I certainly want to take some credit for having discovered him and brought him here to Washington to work on the Manpower Subcommittee for a better part of a year. He was intelligent, faithful, and very, very able. I hated to lose him to the Department of Labor. I have only high praise for his abilities and confidence that in his new position he is not only going to do a lot of splendid work which this committee will strongly approve of, but within the limits of loyalty and security I think he will be an invaluable source of additional information for us.

Senator MORSE. An excellent appointment.
The CHAIRMAN. Any questions, gentlemen?
Senator JAVITS. Mr. Chairman?

The CHAIRMAN. Senator Javits.

Senator JAVITS. I would assume that the Senators from Dr. Mangum's home State have approved this nomination?

The CHAIRMAN. Both of the Senators from Utah, Senator Moss and Senator Bennett, have approved it and the clerk of the committee advises me that both of the Senators are enthusiastic about this appointment.

Senator PROUTY. Mr. Chairman, I may add I know Dr. Mangum and I agree with everything Senator Clark expressed.

Senator JAVITS. May we ask one question?

The CHAIRMAN. Certainly.

Senator JAVITS. Dr. Mangum, what is the time limit to do this job for the Commission? Is there any time under the bill?

Dr. MANGUM. Yes; the legislation requires a report to the President and Congress on January 1, next.

Senator JAVITS. Do you think it can be done within that time? Dr. MANGUM. Much can be done, everything could not be done over 10 years. I think what the Commission could do within that time, they can do much of the examination, much to put the picture into perspective, and I think they can do much to recommend further efforts and perhaps recommend some ongoing mechanisms by which technological change that could be monitored in the future could grow out of this.

Senator JAVITS. When you speak of an ongoing mechanism, do I sense that you have such a dedication to this particular enterprise that you would feel if you could possibly do it a responsibility to carry on to see whatever is recommended was actually implemented?

Dr. MANGUM. I suppose we will have to wait until next January to see about that. I am supposedly on leave from a university which I continue to go on leave year after year but someday I suppose I am going to have to either go back or resign.

Senator JAVITS. But you feel a commitment to this?

Dr. MANGUM. Yes; as I said, Senator, this is much that you and others on this subcommittee were working very hard on and will really require many years of continued effort to see that we get adjusted to it and take advantage of all of the possibilities that come out of this.

Senator JAVITS. I am certainly satisfied with this.

The CHAIRMAN. Any further questions, gentlemen?

Senator CLARK. Mr. Chairman, may I have the privilege of moving confirmation of the nominee?

The CHAIRMAN. The Senator from Pennsylvania moves the nomination be reported favorably to the Senate.

Is there any discussion?

[There was no response.]

The CHAIRMAN. All in favor of the motion signify by saying "Aye." [There was a chorus of "ayes."]

The CHAIRMAN. Opposed, "No"?

[There was no response.]

The CHAIRMAN. The motion is unanimously carried, sir. We will be happy to have you come before the committee and will be calling you back again soon.

Dr. MANGUM. I certainly hope so. Thank you very much. (Thereupon, at 10:20 a.m., the committee proceeded to other business.)

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