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Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.: Continued Gabor, Stanley C., associate dean, New York University, statement of

George, Robert G., Ph. D., director of instructional systems tech-
nology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Ind., letter to
Chairman Brademas, dated September 11, 1972-

Hansen, Hon. Orval, a Representative in Congress from the State of
Idaho, text of H.R. 16572_

Harley, William G., president, National Association of Educational
Broadcasters, letter to Chairman Brademas, dated September 12,
1972___

Harris, Stan, director of sales, AKAI America, Ltd., statement by..
Hitchens, Dr. Howard, Jr., executive director, Association for Edu-
cational Communications and Technology, statement by.
Hofberg, Leo, manager, Special Projects, London Records, Inc.,
statement of

Jensen, Wilbur, Mincom Division, 3M Co., statement by---
Kusisto, Oscar P., chairman of the board, International Tape Associa-
tion, president, Motorola Automotive Products, Inc., statement by-
Markim, Alfred, president, S/T Videocassette Duplicating Corp.,
statement of

O'Brion, R. F., vice president, Video Products Division, Sony Corp. of America, statement of

Palms, Anthony J., chairman, Video Information Committee, Inter-
national Tape Association, remarks by-

Patrie, Milton I., director and president, Kentucky Audio-Visual
Association, Louisville, Ky., letter to Chairman Perkins, dated
September 22, 1972.

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239

243

176

243

178

54

183

216

236

230

226

171

239

Porter, James N., director of marketing planning, Cartridge Television, Inc., statement of

190

Roberts, Frederick N., senior vice president, Videorecord Corp. of
America, prepared testimony of..

232

Stanley, Edward, publisher, Teachers Guides to Television: "Gideon," article entitled..

"Dragons of the Galapagos," article entitled_.

Evaluation questionnaire-Sampling of 500 selected at random,
127 returned June 25, 1969_.

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Memorandum to member superintendents from Forrest E.
Connor, executive secretary, American Association of School
Administrators..

43

39

Some evaluations of the first issue.

"TV Guides Help Teachers Build Lessons," reprint from Educational Screen and Audiovisual Guide-February 1970.. "The Fourth Revolution-Instructional Technology in Higher Education," report and recommendations by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education Urban Research Corp., Reappraisal of the Educational Technology Industry

41

58

250

Winslow, Ken, television communications consultant, Summit, N.J.,
report prepared for the International Tape Association.
Yavitz, Eric A., director, Education Markets Sales Development,
Motion Picture, and Education Markets Division, Eastman Kodak
Co., Rochester, N. Y., testimony of....

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201

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1971

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SELECT SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION OF THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C.

The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 2261, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. John Brademas (chairman) of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Brademas, Chisholm, Reid, Hansen, Kemp, and Peyser.

Staff members present: Jack Duncan, counsel; David Lloyd-Jones, professional staff member; and Gladys Walker, clerk.

(The text and section-by-section analysis of H.R. 4916 follow :)

[H.R. 4916, 92d Cong., first sess.]

A BILL To improve educational quality through the effective utilization of educational technology

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Educational Technology Act".

TITLE I-USE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

SEC. 101. The purpose of this title is to improve the quality of preschool and elementary and secondary education through the effective utilization of educational technology by (1) encouraging significant applications of existing technology to preschool programs and in elementary and secondary education, (2) the development and demonstration of technological innovations in education, (3) the expansion of the current general application of appropriate technologies and materials for instruction and learning, (4) strengthening the capabilities of teaching, administrative, and ancillary staff in schools, (5) research into educational technology, including statistical and information services, and (6) strengthening the leadership resources of State educational agencies in educational technology.

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 102. (a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as the Congress may deem necessary for the purpose of carrying out this title for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and each of the next four fiscal years. There are further authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for payment to the States for use by them for making grants under this title for the purposes described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 103 (a) for years other than the initial year of a grant for such purposes.

(b) of the sums appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) for each fiscal year, 90 per centum shall be available for carrying out section 103, and 10 per centum shall be available for educational technology research in elementary and secondary education in accordance with section 304.

(1)

USES OF FEDERAL FUNDS

SEC. 103. (a) Funds appropriated pursuant to section 102, and available for carrying out this section shall be used only for grants in accordance with applications approved pursuant to this title for

(1) planning for the development and implementation by local educational agencies of educational technology programs, involving the use of appropriate technologies and materials, designed to change and strengthen the learning process in the elementary and secondary schools served by such agencies;

(2) in the case of local educational agencies which have carried out a planning phase as described in paragraph (1), whether covered by a grant under this title or otherwise, preservice and inservice training and development programs to strengthen the capabilities of professional and nonprofessional teaching, administrative, and ancillary staff in elementary and secondary schools served by such agencies to use and apply technology in the educational process, including the acquisition or rental of technological equipment and materials necessary to reinforce or supplement such training and development;

(3) in the case of local educational agencies which have carried out a planning phase as described in paragraph (1) (whether covered by a grant under this title or otherwise) and have made sufficient progress in an inservice training and development phase as described in paragraph (2), the acquisition or rental of technological equipment and materials (other than supplies consumed in use) and the provision of related services, including the employment of educational technology personnel, which are necessary for carrying out the purposes of this title, but the costs of such related services shall not exceed a reasonable portion of the program budget and in no case shall such costs exceed 20 per centum thereof. (b) A local educational agency which receives a grant under subsection (a) may enter into a contract or other arrangement with a public or private agency, institution, or organization for the performance of planning, training, or related services necessary for the implementation, in whole or in part, of any of the purposes described in subsection (a).

(c) From the funds available for carrying out this section the Commissioner is authorized to pay to each State amounts necessary to enable the State educational agency to provide for—

(1) the planning, development, and operation of programs designed to strengthen the capability of the State educational agency with respect to the implementation of educational technology in elementary and secondary schools in the State, including the provision of technical assistance, demonstrations, workshops, and similar activities designed to assist local educational agencies in using technological equipment and materials to improve education;

(2) the preparation and dissemination by the State educational agency to elementary and secondary schools, institutions of higher education, and other appropriate agencies, of information, including analyses of research and experimentation, relating to educational technology and improved methods of using and applying educational technology;

(3) the evaluation of the effectiveness of programs and projects supported under the State plan in meeting the purposes of this title, and dissemination of the results of such evaluations and other information pertaining to such programs or projects; and

(4) the administration of the State plan.

STATE PLANS

SEC. 104. (a) Any State desiring to receive payments for any fiscal year under this title shall

(1) have a State advisory council for educational technology (hereinafter referred to as the "State advisory council") which meets the requirements set forth in section 302;

(2) set dates before which local educational agencies must have submitted applications for grants to the State educational agency; and

(3) submit to the Commissioner, through its State educational agency, a State plan at such time and in such detail as the Commissioner may deem necessary.

The Commissioner may, by regulation, set uniform dates for the submission of State plans and applications.

(b) The Commissioner shall approve a State plan, or modification thereof, if he determines that the plan submitted for that fiscal year—

(1) sets forth a program under which funds granted the State under section 103 and not used for purposes described in section 103 (c) will be expended through grants to local educational agencies for the purposes described in section 103(a);

(2) provides that, to the extent consistent with the number of children enrolled in nonprofit private schools in the area to be served by a project whose educational needs are of the type which that project is designed to meet, provision has been made for the participation of such children;

(3) sets forth the administrative organization and procedures, including the qualifications of personnel having responsibility for the operation of programs and projects set forth in such plan, in such detail as the Commissioner may be regulation prescribe;

(4) provides for using 10 per centum of the amount expended for programs described in section 103 (a) for each fiscal year for making grants to local educational agencies for planning purposes as described in section 103 (a) (1);

(5) sets forth criteria for achieving an equitable distribution of assistance under this title, which criteria shall be based on consideration of(A) the size and population of the State,

(B) the geographic distribution and density of the population within the State, and

(C) the relative needs of persons in different geographic areas and in different population groups within the State for the kinds of programs and projects described in section 103, and the financial ability of the local educational agencies serving such persons to provide such programs and projects;

(6) provides for adoption of effective procedures—

(A) for the evaluation by the State advisory council at least annually, of the effectiveness of the programs and projects supported under the State plan in meeting the purposes of this title;

(B) for appropriate dissemination of the results of such evaluations and other information pertaining to such programs and projects; and (C) for adopting, where appropriate, promising educational practices developed through such programs and projects;

(7) sets forth policies and procedures which give satisfactory assurance that Federal funds made available under this title for any fiscal year(A) will not be commingled with State funds, and

(B) will be so used as to supplement, and to the extent practical, increase the fiscal effort (determined in accordance with criteria prescribed by the Commissioner) that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made by the applicant for the purposes described in section 103;

(8) provides for such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement of and accounting for Federal funds paid to the State under this title;

(9) provides for making an annual report and such other reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Commissioner may reasonably require, including reports of evaluations made in accordance with objective measurements under the State plan pursuant to paragraph (6), and for keeping such records and for affording such access thereto as the Commissioner may find necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports;

(10) provides that final action with respect to any application, or amendment thereof, regarding the proposed final disposition thereof shall not be taken without first affording the local educational agency or agencies submitting such application reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing; and

(11) contains satisfactory assurance that, in determining the eligibility of any local educational agency for State aid or the amount of such aid, grants to that agency under this title shall not be taken into consideration.

APPLICATIONS FOR GRANTS-CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL

SEC. 105. (a) An application by a local educational agency for a grant to be used for any of the purposes of section 103 (a) may be approved only if such application

(1) provides that the activities and services for which assistance under this title is sought will be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant;

(2) sets forth a program for carrying out the purposes set forth in section 103 and provides for such methods of administration as are necessary for the proper and efficient operation of such program;

(3) sets forth policies and procedures which assure that Federal funds made available under this title for any fiscal year will be so used as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available by the applicant for the purposes described in section 103, and in no case supplant such funds; (4) provides for such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement of and accounting for Federal funds paid to the applicant under this title; and

(5) provides for making an annual report and such other reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Commissioner may reasonably require and for keeping such records and for affording such access thereto as the Commissioner may find necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports.

(b) An application by a local educational agency for a grant to be used for the purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 103 (a) may be approved only if

(1) the local educational agency has submitted a long-range program plan, which extends over a period of time of not less than four years, describing the present and projected educational needs and problems of the children in elementary and secondary schools served by the local educational agency, and a schedule for meeting and solving those needs and problems through the implementation of a comprehensive program of educational technology of sufficient magnitude to make a substantial impact on those needs and problems; and

(2) the local educational agency submits for each fiscal year an annual program plan describing the content of, and allocation of funds to programs, services, and activities with respect to the implementation of a comprehensive educational technology program to be carried out during each such year for which Federal funds are sought; indicates how and to what extent such programs, services, and activities will carry out the program of objectives set forth in the long-range program plan provided for in paragraph (1); and indicates the extent to which consideration has been given to the findings and recommendations of the State advisory council in its most recent evaluation report submitted pursuant to section 302 and indicates the extent to which research findings (whether such research is assisted under this Act or otherwise) have been incorporated as part of the annual program plan.

PAYMENTS

SEC. 106. (a) The Commissioner shall pay to each State which has a State plan approved under this title an amount equal to the total sums expended by the State under the State plan for the purposes set forth therein.

(b) Payments under this section may be made in installments and in advance or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments on account of overpayments or underpayments.

(c) Upon approval of an application submitted by a local educational agency for a grant to be used for the purposes of paragraph (1) of section 103(a) the Commissioner shall reimburse the local educational agency for the reasonable costs of preparing the application.

TITLE II-USE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN HIGHER

EDUCATION

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

SEC. 201. The purpose of this title is to improve the quality of higher education through the effective utilization of educational technology by (1) encourag

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