The Oxfam Poverty Report

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Oxfam, 1995 - 250 pages
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The Oxfam Poverty Report identifies the structural forces which deny people their basic rights, using case studies from Africa, Latin America, and Asia. It outlines some of the wider policy and institutional reforms needed to create an enabling environment in which people can act as agents of change to reduce poverty.

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Page 42 - To maintain international peace and security, and to that end : to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace...
Page 7 - Each State Party to the present Covenant undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and co-operation, especially economic and technical, to the maximum of its available resources, with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of the rights recognized in the present Covenant by all appropriate means, including particularly the adoption of legislative measures.
Page 165 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 72 - To facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade, and to contribute thereby to the promotion and maintenance of high levels of employment and real income and to the development of the productive resources of all members as primary objectives of economic policy.
Page 160 - In view of the different contributions to global environmental degradation, States have common but differentiated responsibilities. The developed countries acknowledge the responsibility that they bear in the international pursuit of sustainable development in view of the pressure their societies place on the global environment and of the technologies and financial resources they command.
Page 13 - I have termed absolute poverty: a condition of life so characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, squalid surroundings, high infant mortality, and low life expectancy as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency.
Page 162 - Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts: • the concept of 'needs', in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and • the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs.
Page 162 - Future (WCED, 1987) as the ability to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Page 162 - Economic growth provides the conditions in which protection of the environment can best be achieved. and environmental protection. in balance with other human goals. is necessary to achieve growth that is sustainable.
Page 72 - But as soon as possible, and with increasing emphasis as time goes on, there is a second primary duty laid upon it, namely, to develop the resources and productive capacity of the world, with special attention to the less developed countries...

About the author (1995)

Keven Walkins is Senior Visiting Research Fellow at the Global Economic Governance Programme at University College of the University of Oxford. [4] He has participated on the World Economic Forum as a discussion leader on the IdeasLab on the Global Redesign Initiative (Values and People) in 2010[5]. In addition, he is a board member of the Center for Global Development, UNICEF's Innocenti Research Centre and the Journal of International Development. He also has a blog on The Guardian[1].

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