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(d) (SStd) classification. Canned beets that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 21 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

§ 52.533 Texture.

The factor of texture refers to the tenderness of the beets, and the degree of freedom from stringy or coarse fibers.

(a) (A) classification. Canned beets that possess a tender texture may be given a score of 26 to 30 points. "Tender texture" means that the beets are tender, not fibrous, and possess a uniform character.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned beets possess a fairly tender texture, a score of 22 to 25 points may be given. Canned beets that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly tender texture" means that the beets are fairly tender, may be variable in character but not tough or hard, and may possess a few stringy or coarse fibers.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned beets that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 21 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION

§ 52.534 Ascertaining the grade of a lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (§§ 52.1 to 52.87).

[22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957]

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"Canned blackberries" and other similar berries such as "boysenberries," "dewberries," and "loganberries," hereinafter called berries means the canned product prepared from stemmed, properly ripened, sound, fresh fruit by proper cleaning and sorting and may be packed with or without the addition of water or sweetening ingredient in hermetically sealed containers and sufficiently processed by heat to assure preservation of the product.

§ 52.552 Grades of canned berries.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned berries that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good color; that are practically uniform in size; that are practically free from defects; that possess a good character; that possess a normal flavor and odor; and that for these factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart, the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That the canned berries may possess a reasonably good color and may be reasonably uniform in size

if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Choice" is the quality of canned berries that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably uniform in size; that are reasonably free from defects; that possess a reasonably good character: that possess a normal flavor and odor; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart, the total score is not less than 80 points: Provided, That the canned berries may be fairly uniform in size if the total score is not less than 80 points.

(c) "U. S. Grade C" or "U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned berries that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a fairly good color; that may be fairly uniform in size; that are fairly free from defects; that possess a fairly good character: that possess a normal flavor and odor; and that when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart, the total score is not less than 70 points.

(d) "Substandard" is the quality of canned berries that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, AND DRAINED WEIGHTS

§ 52.553

Recommended designations of liquid media and Brix measurements for canned berries. "Cut-out" requirements for liquid media in canned berries are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since sirup or any other liquid medium, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The recommended "cut-out" Brix measurement, as applicable, for the respective designations are as follows:

Designations of Liquid Media and Bris Measurements

"Extra heavy sirup": 24° or more, but not more than 35° Brix.

"Heavy sirup": 19° or more, but less than 24. Brix.

"Light sirup": 14° or more, but less than 19° Brix.

"Slightly sweetened water": Less than 14°

Brix.

"In water": Packed in water.

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The minimum drained weight recommendations are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The drained weight of canned berries is determined by emptying the contents upon a United States Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937 inch, 3%, square openings) So as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight (or drained berries) is the weight of the sieve and the berries less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.

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TABLE NO. I-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHT IN OUNCES OF CANNED BERRIES

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1 Canned berries in No. 10 containers (in water) may be certified with the additional statement "heavy pack," provided they meet a minimum drained weight requirement specified.

[18 FR 7940, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 21 FR 8309, Oct. 31, 1956]

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(b) "Normal flavor and odor" means that the product is free from objectionable odors and objectionable flavors of any kind.

[21 F. R. 8309, Oct. 31, 1956]

§ 52.558 Ascertaining the rating for the factors which are scored.

The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for such factors and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, "22 to 25 points" means 22, 23, 24, or 25 points).

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(a) (A) classification. Canned berries that possess a good color may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. "Good color" means that the canned berries possess a color typical of well-ripened berries for the varietal type that have been properly processed and are practically uniform and bright in color.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned berries possess a reasonably good color, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. "Reasonably good color" means that the canned berries possess a color typical of reasonably well-ripened berries for the varietal type that have been properly processed, and which color may be semewhat lacking in luster and may range in color from the lighter shades of reasonably well-ripened berries to the darker hues of well-ripened berries.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned berries possess a fairly good color, a score of 14 or 15 points may be allowed. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color” means that the canned berries possess & color typical of fairly well-ripened berries for the varietal type that have been properly processed, and which color may be variable but is not off-color.

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of the berry measured at right angles to the stem axis that will pass through a rigid ring of the same diameter without using pressure.

(b) (A) classification. If the canned berries are practically uniform in size, a score of 18 to 20 points may be given. "Practically uniform in size” means that the variation in size of the berries does not materially affect the appearance of the product and that with respect to canned blackberries, not more than 15 percent, by count, of the blackberries are less than 2032 inch in diameter.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned berries are reasonably uniform in size, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. "Reasonably uniform in size” means that the variation in size of the berries does not seriously affect the appearance of the product and that with respect to canned blackberries, not more than 15 percent, by count, of the blackberries are less than 18%2 inch in diameter.

(d) (C) classification. If the canned berries are fairly uniform in size, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly uniform in size" means that the canned berries may be variable in size and that with respect to canned blackberries more than 15 percent, by count, are less than 1832 inch in diameter.

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(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous vegetable material and from damaged berries.

(1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable material" means any vegetable substance (including, but not limited to, leaves, stems, or portions of stems, whether or not attached, caps or portions of caps, whether or not attached).

(2) "Damaged" means any surface blemish or internal injury that materially affects the appearance or edibility of the berry (including, but not limited to, insect injury, pathological injury, hard berries, underdeveloped berries, and abnormally developed berries).

(b) (A) classification. Canned berries that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. "Practically free from defects" means that harmless extraneous vegetable material may be present that does

not more than slightly affect the appearance or edibility of the product; and that not more than 4 percent, by count, of the canned berries may be damaged.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned berries are reasonably free from defects, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that harmless extraneous vegetable material may be present that does not more than materially affect the appearance or edibility of the product; and that not more than 8 percent, by count, of the canned berries may be damaged.

(d) (C) classification. Canned berries that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that harmless extraneous vegetable material may be present that does not seriously affect the appearance or edibility of the product; and that not more than 15 percent, by count, of the canned berries may be damaged.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned berries which fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). [18 F. R. 7940, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 21 F. R. 8310, Oct. 81, 1956]

§ 52.562 Character of fruit.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the degree of texture, and appearance as well as to the degree of disintegration of the berries.

(1) A berry is considered "crushed" if more than 50 percent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, or detached, or if the normal shape of the berry is otherwise materially affected or destroyed.

(b) (A) classification. Canned berries that possess a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. "Good character" means that the berries possess a firm, tender texture characteristic of well-ripened berries for the varietal type and are practically intact; that the berries and accompanying liquor are practically free from detached

seed cells; and that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the blackberries may be crushed and not more than 10 percent, by weight, of dewberries, boysenberries, loganberries, or other similar types may be crushed.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned berries have a reasonably good character, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" means that the berries may possess a reasonably tender texture characteristic of reasonably well-ripened berries to slightly over-ripe berries for the varietal type and are reasonably intact; that the berries and accompanying liquor are reasonably free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 10 percent by weight, of blackberries may be crushed and not more than 15 percent, by weight, of dewberries, boysenberries, loganberries, or other similar types may be crushed.

(d) (C) classification. Canned berries that possess a fairly good character may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" means that the berries may possess a fairly tender texture characteristic of fairly well-ripened berries to over-ripe berries for the varietal type and are fairly intact; and that not more than 20 percent, by weight, of the berries may be crushed.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned berries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.563 Ascertaining the grade of a lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (§§ 52.1 to 52.87).

[22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957]

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Subpart-United States Standards for Grades of Canned Blueberries

SOURCE: $52.581 to 52.593 appear at 18 FR 7942, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, AND GRADES § 52.581 Product description.

Canned blueberries are prepared from the properly ripened fresh fruit of the blueberry bush (Genus Vaccinium), including species or varieties often called "huckleberries", but not of the Genus Gaylussacia; are stemmed and washed; are packed with or without the addition of water or sweetening ingredients; and are sufficiently processed by heat to assure preservation of the product in hermetically sealed containers.

§ 52.582 Types of canned blueberries. (a) Native (or wild) type. (b) Cultivated type.

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