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(iii) 3 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 3 percent, not more than 3 thereof or 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished;

and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(d) (C) classification. Frozen lima beans that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 31 points. Frozen lima beans that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that:

(1) There may be present:

(1) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one piece, or pieces, or predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material having an aggregate area of 4 square inch (1⁄2 inch or 11⁄2 inches) on one surface of the piece, or pieces, and one predominantly cylindrical piece, or pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable material not exceeding 1 inch in length in the aggregate; or

(i) For each 30 ounces, net weight, three predominantly spherical pieces of harmless extraneous vegetable material measuring not more than 4 inch in diameter.

(2) There may be present:

(1) 15 percent, by count, of pieces of beans;

1

(ii) 8 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

(iii) 4 percent, by count, of blemished and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 2 thereof or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished; and that

(3) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, light discoloration, and blemished and seriously blemished beans, individually or collectively, does not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen lima beans that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Sub

1 See footnote on page 99.

standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.508 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.

The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (§§ 52.1 to 52.87).

[22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957] SCORE SHEET

§ 52.509 Score sheet for frozen lima beans.

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irrespective of whether such slices are “corrugated,” “fluted,” “wavy,” or “scalloped."

(c) "Quarters" or "quartered beets" means canned beets consisting of quarters of beets.

(d) "Dice" or "diced beets" means canned beets consisting of diced beets.

(e) "Julienne," "French style," or "shoestring" means canned beets consisting of strips of beets.

(f) "Cut" means canned beets consisting of units, irrespective of whether such units are "segmented" or "wedgeshaped," which are not uniform in size or shape or which do not conform to any of the foregoing styles.

(g) "Unit" means an individual beet or portion of a beet in canned beets. § 52.523 Grades of canned beets.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a normal flavor and odor; possess a good color; are practically free from defects; are tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade C" or "U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a normal flavor and odor; possess a fairly good color; are fairly free from defects; are fairly tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "Substandard" is the quality of canned beets that fail to meet the re

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The minimum drained weight recommendations in Table No. I of this section are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The drained weight of canned beets is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 sieve of proper diameter so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and beets less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the No. 22 size can (401 x 411) and smaller sizes; and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the No. 21⁄2 size can.

TABLE NO. I-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS, IN OUNCES, OF BEETS

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1 Mixed sizes to be based on drained weight for predominant size of individual units.

[20 FR. 20, Jan. 4, 1955]

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The size of any beet is determined by measuring the smallest diameter through the center transverse to the longitudinal axis of the beet. The word and number designations of the various sizes of beets in whole beets are shown in Table No. II of this section. Such table also specifies the count range per container for stated container sizes. TABLE NO. 11-81z8s oF BEETS IN WHOLE BEETS

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1 Assorted sizes is a combination of any 2 adjacent sizes.

2 Mixed sizes is a combination of more than 2 adjacent sizes.

[18 F. R. 7937, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 20 F. R. 20. Jan. 4, 1955] $ 52.527 Sizes of beet slices in sliced

beets.

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and shape, absence of defects, and texture.

(b) The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given each such factor is:

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(c) "Normal flavor and normal odor” means that the canned beets are free from objectionable flavor and objectionable odors of any kind.

§ 52.529 Ascertaining the rating for the factors which are scored.

The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, "12 to 15 points" means 12, 13, 14, or 15 points). § 52.530

Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned beets that possess a good color may be given

a score of 21 to 25 points. "Good color" means that the canned beets possess a color that is uniform, bright, and typical of canned beets produced from beets of similar varietal characteristics.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned beets possess a fairly good color, a score of 18 to 20 points may be given. Canned beets that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color" means that the canned beets possess a color that is typical of canned beets produced from beets of similar varietal characteristics and such color may be variable or slightly dull.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned beets that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 17 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

$ 52.531 Uniformity of size and shape.

(a) (A) classification. Canned beets that are practically uniform in size and shape may be given a score of 12 to 15 points. "Practically uniform in size and shape" has the following meanings with respect to the various styles of canned beets:

(1) Whole beets. The size of the individual beet is not more than 24 inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid; the beets may vary moderately in shape, and the diameter of the largest beet does not exceed the diameter of the smallest beet by more than 50 percent of the diameter of the smallest beet.

(2) Quartered beets. The beets from which the quarters have been prepared were of a size not more than 21⁄2 inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid, and the weight of the largest quarter does not exceed the weight of the smallest quarter by more than 50 percent of the weight of the smallest quarter.

(3) Sliced beets. The individual slice is not more than 16 inch in thickness when measured at the thickest portion; the size of each slice is not more than 31⁄2 inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid, and the diameter of the largest slice does not exceed the diameter of the smallest slice by more than 50 percent of the diameter of the smallest slice.

(4) Diced beets. The units are practically uniform in size and shape with edges measuring not more than 8 inch; and the aggregate weight of the units which are smaller than one-half of a cube and of all large and irregular units does not exceed 15 percent of the weight of all units.

(5) Julienne, French style, or shoestring. The strips of beets are practically uniform in size and shape, with cross sections measuring not more than 316 inch, and the aggregate weight of all strips less than 11⁄2 inches in length does not exceed 25 percent of the weight of all the strips.

(6) Cut. The individual units weigh not less than 4 ounce nor more than 2 ounces each and the largest unit weighs not more than four times the weight of the smallest unit. An occasional unit which is not representative of the general size of all the units is excluded in determining size variation.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned beets are fairly uniform in size and shape, a score of 8 to 11 points may be given. "Fairly uniform in size and shape" has the following meanings with respect to the various styles of canned beets:

(1) Whole beets. The size of the individual beet is not more than 2% inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid; the beets may vary considerably in shape, and the diameter of the largest beet is not more than twice the diameter of the smallest beet.

(2) Quartered beets. The beets from which the quarters have been cut were of a size not more than 31⁄2 inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid, and the weight of the largest quarter is not more than twice the weight of the smallest quarter.

(3) Sliced beets. The individual slice is not more than 3% inch in thickness when measured at the thickest portion; the size of each slice is not more than 31⁄2 inches in diameter, measured as aforesaid; and the diameter of the largest slice is not more than twice the diameter of the smallest slice.

(4) Diced beets. The units are fairly uniform in size and shape, with edges measuring not more than 1⁄2 inch; and the aggregate weight of all units which are smaller than one-half of a cube and all large and irregular units does not

exceed 25 percent of the weight of all units.

(5) Julienne, French style, or shoestring. The strips of beets are fairly uniform in size and shape, with cross sections measuring not more than 6 inch and the aggregate weight of all strips less than 11⁄2 inches in length does not exceed 40 percent of the weight of all the strips.

(6) Cut. The individual units weigh not less than 1⁄2 ounce or more than 3 ounces each and the largest unit weighs not more than twelve times the weight of the smallest unit. An occasional unit which is not representative of the general size of all the units is excluded in determining size variation.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned beets that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 7 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

§ 52.532 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from defective units. Defective units are slabs, units damaged by mechanical injury, units blemished by brown or black internal or external discoloration, pathological injury or insect injury and units blemished by other means.

(1) "Slab" means any portion of a whole beet obtained in slicing that possesses only one cut surface or cut surfaces of unequal areas varying in diameter more than 1⁄2 inch.

(2) "Damaged by mechanical injury” means crushed, broken, or cracked units, units with excessively frayed edges and surfaces, units with unpeeled areas, excessively trimmed units, or damaged by other means.

(3) "Blemished" means any blemish affecting an aggregate area greater than the area of a circle 6 inch in diameter or any blemish which seriously affects the appearance or eating quality of the unit.

(b) (A) classification. Canned beets that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 26 to 30 points. "Practically free from defects" has the following meanings with respect to the various styles of canned beets:

(1) Whole beets. The aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 15 percent of the weight of all the units, and of such 15 percent not more than one-half thereof or one beet, whichever weighs more, may consist of blemished units.

(2) Sliced, quartered, and cut beets. The aggregate weight of all blemished units and units damaged by mechanical injury does not exceed 15 percent of the weight of all the units, and of such 15 percent not more than one-half thereof or one slice, quarter or cut, whichever weighs more, may consist of blemished units, and with respect to sliced beets not more than 10 percent of the weight of all the units may consist of units that are slabs.

(3) Diced, Julienne, French style, or shoestring beets. The aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 10 percent of the weight of all the units, and of such 10 percent not more than one-half thereof may consist of blemished units.

(c) (C) classification. Canned beets that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 22 to 25 points. Canned beets that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" has the following meanings with respect to the various styles of canned beets:

(1) Whole beets. The aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 30 percent of the weight of all the units, and of such 30 percent not more than one-half may consist of blemished units.

(2) Sliced, quartered, and cut beets. The aggregate weight of all blemished units and units damaged by mechanical injury does not exceed 30 percent of the weight of all the units, and of such 30 percent not more than one-half thereof may consist of blemished units, and with of all defective units does not exceed 25 percent of the weight of all the units may consist of units that are slabs.

(3) Diced, Julienne, French style, or shoestring beets. The aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 25 percent of the weight of all the units and of such 25 percent not more than one-half thereof may consist of blemished units.

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